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# In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic

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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic [#permalink]
How can E be correct? E says "partly to lower high fuel prices and reduce repair costs". How can an exchange of aircrafts lower the high fuel prices, it can only lower the cost incured because of high fuel prices. 'C' to me is a better answer. Please let me know if I'm wrong. Thanks.
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic [#permalink]
yashii9 wrote:
DYNAMITE wrote:
In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, inefficient fleets for a smaller number of efficient new airplanes, in part because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced and partly because low entry barriers for new carriers have created intense competition.

(A) in part because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced

(B) in part that high fuel costs might be lowered and repair costs might be reduced

(C) partly because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced your answer

(D) partly for the lowering of high fuel costs and the reduction of repair costs

(E) partly to lower high fuel prices and reduce repair costs

Hi guys,

Shouldn't (E) be "to lower... AND to reduce" to be parallel? Why is it optional? I picked C because of it has explicit parallel structure even though it sounds very awkward!

its easy to eliminate A,B looking at the non underlined part..among C,D & E

(C) partly because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced your answer - should is a subjunctive verb and can not be used when the intent is definite. Here the fleets are replaced to reducefuel cost..... not that fleets are reduced because fuel cost should be reduced...

(D) partly for the lowering of high fuel costs and the reduction of repair costs - this is not the best construction

(E) partly to lower high fuel prices and reduce repair costs -Correct

B is wrong -
we do x to achieve y.
we do x so that y should be achieved. (Is the difference visible??)

E- is right-

infinitives are used in two ways-

1. to do,to think,to make and to reach.
2. to do,think,make and reach.

either to should be used with every verb in the list or should be used only once in the beginning of the list.

to do,make,think and to reach - this is an incorrect construction.

Hope this helps!

Hi yashii9,

The usage might be correct in option E but kindly clarify how the result will be to lower high fuel prices? as mentioned in option E

Because for what I know they dont control the fuel prices just the cost.

Hence option C makes more sense.
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic [#permalink]
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Hi,
Due to the limitation of time, i quickly choose C because the familiar parallel "partly because- partly because" without checking meaning and move to another question. Moreover, i decided E is wrong because it is not parallel "partly to- partly because".
Turns out i was wrong. So, should i always care about meaning for every sc choice eventhough i had a quick decision?
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic [#permalink]
A nice version of an official Question, Same version of explanation applies here too.

https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-recent-ye ... fl=similar
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic [#permalink]
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E is clearly wrong. You’re lowering costs, not prices. Do I lower gas prices when I trade in my SUV for a Prius? No, I just lower my fuel costs. Bad question.

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic [#permalink]
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DYNAMITE wrote:
In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, inefficient fleets for a smaller number of efficient new airplanes, in part because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced and partly because low entry barriers for new carriers have created intense competition.

(A) in part because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced

(B) in part that high fuel costs might be lowered and repair costs might be reduced

(C) partly because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced your answer

(D) partly for the lowering of high fuel costs and the reduction of repair costs

(E) partly to lower high fuel prices and reduce repair costs

Hi generis

Can you remove the highlighted part
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic [#permalink]
gmat1393 wrote:
DYNAMITE wrote:
In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, inefficient fleets for a smaller number of efficient new airplanes, in part because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced and partly because low entry barriers for new carriers have created intense competition.

(A) in part because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced

(B) in part that high fuel costs might be lowered and repair costs might be reduced

(C) partly because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced your answer

(D) partly for the lowering of high fuel costs and the reduction of repair costs

(E) partly to lower high fuel prices and reduce repair costs

Hi generis

Can you remove the highlighted part

____________________
Done. Thank you!
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic [#permalink]
DYNAMITE wrote:
In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, inefficient fleets for a smaller number of efficient new airplanes, in part because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced and partly because low entry barriers for new carriers have created intense competition.

(A) in part because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced
should be usage twice is redudant in addition in part isn't delivering the right meaning therefore out

(B) in part that high fuel costs might be lowered and repair costs might be reduced
might be lowered isn't the intended objective , the airline is going all out to reduce the expenses therefore out

(C) partly because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced
partly and because usage together is redudant therefore out

(D) partly for the lowering of high fuel costs and the reduction of repair costs
lowering isn't parallel with reduction therefore out

(E) partly to lower high fuel prices and reduce repair costs
The meaning is perfect therefore our answer

Therefore IMO E
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic [#permalink]
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic [#permalink]
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