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# In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic

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Senior Manager
Joined: 01 Nov 2013
Posts: 289
GMAT 1: 690 Q45 V39
WE: General Management (Energy and Utilities)
Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic  [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2015, 01:12
DYNAMITE wrote:
In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, inefficient fleets for a smaller number of efficient new airplanes, in part because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced and partly because low entry barriers for new carriers have created intense competition.

(A) in part because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced

(B) in part that high fuel costs might be lowered and repair costs might be reduced

(C) partly because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced your answer

(D) partly for the lowering of high fuel costs and the reduction of repair costs

(E) partly to lower high fuel prices and reduce repair costs

Hi guys,

Shouldn't (E) be "to lower... AND to reduce" to be parallel? Why is it optional? I picked C because of it has explicit parallel structure even though it sounds very awkward!

Confused between Choice C and E; Problem resolved when I understood the intent.
The airlines have already exchanged ..blabh..blah..for two reasons-
1. partly to .... ( we cannot use should for actions that have already been contemplated and done !!!! )
2. partly because
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic  [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2015, 02:45
Definitely, C is a better answer when you consider parallelism. But the first priority for any statement is to CONVEY THE CORRECT MEANING.
Answer E conveys that meaning correctly. It explains why the "troubled airlines" did what they did.
Had answer E been absent, C would have been the next best choice.

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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic  [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2015, 11:41
E is the best answer. Parallelism wins.
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic  [#permalink]

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18 May 2015, 08:35
How can E be correct? E says "partly to lower high fuel prices and reduce repair costs". How can an exchange of aircrafts lower the high fuel prices, it can only lower the cost incured because of high fuel prices. 'C' to me is a better answer. Please let me know if I'm wrong. Thanks.
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic  [#permalink]

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18 May 2015, 22:22
yashii9 wrote:
DYNAMITE wrote:
In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, inefficient fleets for a smaller number of efficient new airplanes, in part because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced and partly because low entry barriers for new carriers have created intense competition.

(A) in part because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced

(B) in part that high fuel costs might be lowered and repair costs might be reduced

(C) partly because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced your answer

(D) partly for the lowering of high fuel costs and the reduction of repair costs

(E) partly to lower high fuel prices and reduce repair costs

Hi guys,

Shouldn't (E) be "to lower... AND to reduce" to be parallel? Why is it optional? I picked C because of it has explicit parallel structure even though it sounds very awkward!

its easy to eliminate A,B looking at the non underlined part..among C,D & E

(C) partly because high fuel costs should be lowered and repair costs should be reduced your answer - should is a subjunctive verb and can not be used when the intent is definite. Here the fleets are replaced to reducefuel cost..... not that fleets are reduced because fuel cost should be reduced...

(D) partly for the lowering of high fuel costs and the reduction of repair costs - this is not the best construction

(E) partly to lower high fuel prices and reduce repair costs -Correct

B is wrong -
we do x to achieve y.
we do x so that y should be achieved. (Is the difference visible??)

E- is right-

infinitives are used in two ways-

1. to do,to think,to make and to reach.
2. to do,think,make and reach.

either to should be used with every verb in the list or should be used only once in the beginning of the list.

to do,make,think and to reach - this is an incorrect construction.

Hope this helps!

Hi yashii9,

The usage might be correct in option E but kindly clarify how the result will be to lower high fuel prices? as mentioned in option E

Because for what I know they dont control the fuel prices just the cost.

Hence option C makes more sense.
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Joined: 01 Nov 2015
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic  [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2016, 20:59
2
Hi,
Due to the limitation of time, i quickly choose C because the familiar parallel "partly because- partly because" without checking meaning and move to another question. Moreover, i decided E is wrong because it is not parallel "partly to- partly because".
Turns out i was wrong. So, should i always care about meaning for every sc choice eventhough i had a quick decision?
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic  [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2018, 03:02
A nice version of an official Question, Same version of explanation applies here too.

https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-recent-ye ... fl=similar
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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic  [#permalink]

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07 May 2019, 07:10
1
E is clearly wrong. You’re lowering costs, not prices. Do I lower gas prices when I trade in my SUV for a Prius? No, I just lower my fuel costs. Bad question.

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Re: In recent years, troubled airlines have exchanged their aging, ineffic   [#permalink] 07 May 2019, 07:10

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