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# In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced

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Manager
Joined: 25 May 2007
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Schools: Cornell
In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2007, 01:28
2
7
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (00:46) correct 33% (00:39) wrong based on 609 sessions

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In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and coastal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish’s habitat.

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled
C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
D. wild salmon’s numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled
E. wild salmon’s numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2007
Posts: 119
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2007, 15:02
3
2
I will go with E.
This agree with subject and follows parallel structure for the later part of the sentence.

solidcolor wrote:
In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and coastal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish’s habitat.

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
It needs to be has to agree with the number of and later part is not parallel.

B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled
Introduction of subordinate clause using because destroys parallelism.

C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

the numbers of is not correct, it needs to the number of and because of destroys parallelism.

D. wild salmon’s numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled
Not parallel. It gives the impression that coastal netting is not controlled by pollution, and by various other threats rather than salmon.

E. wild salmon’s numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

Subject agrees with verb and also rest of the sentence is parallel as all the reasons are starting by "by".

Good question.....
##### General Discussion
VP
Joined: 09 Jul 2007
Posts: 1082
Location: London
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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Updated on: 01 Sep 2007, 12:21
2
solidcolor wrote:
In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and coastal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish’s habitat.

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled
C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
D. wild salmon’s numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled
E. wild salmon’s numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

It is pretty confusing for me, But will stick to C

...the number of ... is singular.
but as for the paralellism in here: ...because of...by...by... have no reasoning.

wild salmon's numbers--a bit not sure about this in D --- it is like a fish assigned a number and it is reduced. let's say the fish numbered and the numbers changed.

I think NUMBERS in here doesnt convey the menaing of QUANTITY.

any better ideas?

Originally posted by Ravshonbek on 01 Sep 2007, 12:06.
Last edited by Ravshonbek on 01 Sep 2007, 12:21, edited 3 times in total.
Director
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Posts: 552
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2007, 12:11
solidcolor wrote:
In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and coastal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish’s habitat.

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled
C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
D. wild salmon’s numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled
E. wild salmon’s numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

Changed my mind,

Vote for C

It is least incorrect..

A - out , cuz the number is singular
B- is not parallel, distorts the meaning also, says as if 'deep sea is not controlled by pollution....'
C- is not parallel, but uses word 'number' properly
D- it is parallel, but distorts the meaning by playing with word number.
E- it is parallel, but distorts the meaning in the same way D does.
VP
Joined: 10 Jun 2007
Posts: 1397
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2007, 14:37
solidcolor wrote:
In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and coastal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish’s habitat.

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled
C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
D. wild salmon’s numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled
E. wild salmon’s numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

EDITED: nevermind, I shouldn't have eliminate D, E

I think it's E
Manager
Joined: 07 Mar 2007
Posts: 189
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2007, 15:12
I will go with E even though I don't really like it much.

Note: It cannot be choice C for sure! According to the MGMAT SC book, it states " Never select an answer choice containing the phrase THE NUMBERS OF".
Manager
Joined: 25 May 2007
Posts: 226
Schools: Cornell
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2007, 18:00
N750 wrote:
I will go with E.
This agree with subject and follows parallel structure for the later part of the sentence.

solidcolor wrote:
In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and coastal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish’s habitat.

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
It needs to be has to agree with the number of and later part is not parallel.

B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled
Introduction of subordinate clause using because destroys parallelism.

C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

the numbers of is not correct, it needs to the number of and because of destroys parallelism.

D. wild salmon’s numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled
Not parallel. It gives the impression that coastal netting is not controlled by pollution, and by various other threats rather than salmon.

E. wild salmon’s numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

Subject agrees with verb and also rest of the sentence is parallel as all the reasons are starting by "by".

Good question.....

You sound like a real GMAT maker! Thank you for the perfect answer.

Irina, remember this: "THE NUMBERS OF" is never correct.
Director
Joined: 06 Sep 2006
Posts: 703
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2007, 20:44
I dont think 'the numbers of wild salmon' provides the impact 'wild salmon's numbers'
E.
VP
Joined: 09 Jul 2007
Posts: 1082
Location: London
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2007, 12:23
asaf wrote:
I dont think 'the numbers of wild salmon' provides the impact 'wild salmon's numbers'
E.

Got u guys, i read THE NUMBERS OF as THE NUMBER OF.

sorry
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Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2010, 07:37
1
Actually it is kind of easy

A- The number of wild solman HAVE--not correct
B- Deep sea and coastal netting IS---not correct
C- the NUMBERS- not correct
D- same reason with B
E- it is the correct one

you can do it in 20 sec
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Manager
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Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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03 May 2012, 05:13
I missed the part "the numbers of" and picked c. This question really tests your endurance and alertness during the test.
Intern
Joined: 16 Feb 2014
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Schools: ISB
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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29 May 2014, 17:52
Parallelism is clearly metioned in E rather than C, so kindly provide OA
Manager
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Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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29 May 2014, 18:42
I think it's E. This keeps the meaning of the sentence intact.
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Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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29 May 2014, 22:23
1
1
In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and coastal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish’s habitat.

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
Wrong, should be number has been reduced, Parallelism missing
B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled
Wrong, Parallelism missing
C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
Wrong, should be numbers of wild salmon have been reduced, Parallelism missing
D. wild salmon’s numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled
Wrong, Should be have been reduced
E. wild salmon’s numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
Correct

Take Away:
Always pay attention to the item before the and in a list, and make every item parallel to that.
The number of - Singular,
A number of - plural

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Manager
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Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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29 May 2014, 22:37
A very good question.. Thanks for posting.

I will sum up learning as - Never use the numbers of
The number of is plural.
A number of is Singular.
Never break parallelism.

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AB

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Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2016, 08:36
In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and coastal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish’s habitat.

Here, Parallelism needed : by x || by y || (and) by z

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting --> "i) the number - have" subject-verb number mismatch. require singular verb ii) parallelism error
B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled --> because x || by y & by z - Not parallel
C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting --> i) "the numbers of x has" : subject-verb number mismatch. require plural verb ii) parallelism error
D. wild salmon’s numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled --> "deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled" not parallel to "by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish’s habitat"
E. wild salmon’s numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting --> Correct - Parallel
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Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2016, 09:15
its E

Errors in Original sentence are 1. the number should be followed by singular 2. parallelism error

Only E corrects the above 2 errors
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Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2017, 06:32
In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and coastal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish’s habitat.

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting - subject-verb agreement issue ; parallelism issue
B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled - parallelism issue ; present tense is incorrect here
C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting - subject-verb agreement issue
D. wild salmon’s numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled - parallelism issue ; present tense is incorrect here - "are reduced" is written in a tense that can NEVER be used for something like that (a single instance; an event)
E. wild salmon’s numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting - Correct

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Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2017, 07:47
solidcolor wrote:
In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and coastal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish’s habitat.

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled
C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
D. wild salmon’s numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled
E. wild salmon’s numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

Concept tested
The number of and A number of
The number of takes a singular verb and A number of takes a plural verb .
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Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced   [#permalink] 28 Nov 2017, 07:47
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