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# In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un

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Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jan 2011
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In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 18 Nov 2017, 18:08
1
7
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

69% (01:20) correct 31% (01:26) wrong based on 231 sessions

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In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and costal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish's habitat.

(A) number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

(B) number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled

(C) numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

(D) wild salmon's numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled

(E) wild salmon's numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

Spoiler: :: My doubt
Dont we need 'is'/'has' with The number since the number is singular? I understand that although E is parallel it is also plural... So how come E is correct still?

C lags parallelism but is singular...

Originally posted by siddhans on 04 Jul 2011, 19:56.
Last edited by hazelnut on 18 Nov 2017, 18:08, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
Manager
Joined: 29 Jun 2011
Posts: 64
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2011, 20:09
A is definitely wrong, because of singular/plural rule.
B is wrong because of wrong usage of "is"
C is wrong because "the numbers" is not singular, it is plural. Also it lacks parallelism
D changes the meaning of the sentence. also it is awkward.
E changes the structure of the sentence but does not change its meaning, retains parallelism and subject-verb agreement is perfect.
Ans E
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Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jan 2011
Posts: 289
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2011, 20:28
fivedaysleft wrote:
A is definitely wrong, because of singular/plural rule.
B is wrong because of wrong usage of "is"
C is wrong because "the numbers" is not singular, it is plural. Also it lacks parallelism
D changes the meaning of the sentence. also it is awkward.
E changes the structure of the sentence but does not change its meaning, retains parallelism and subject-verb agreement is perfect.
Ans E

Dont we need 'is'/'has' with The number since the number is singular? Why is usage of 'is' wrong in B?? I understand that although E is parallel it is also plural... So how come E is correct still?

Current Student
Joined: 26 May 2005
Posts: 505
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2011, 20:32
1
siddhans wrote:
Spoiler: :: My doubt
Dont we need 'is'/'has' with The number since the number is singular? I understand that although E is parallel it is also plural... So how come E is correct still?

C lags parallelism but is singular...

In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and costal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish's habitat.

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled
C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
D. wild salmon's numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled
E. wild salmon's numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

Clean E.
You are right that 'the number of' needs 'singular' but if you see , E changes that structure.
'Wild Salmon's numbers' = plural , hence 'have'
E also maintains ||sm reduced by'A and B', by C , and by D.
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jan 2011
Posts: 289
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2011, 20:35
sudhir18n wrote:
siddhans wrote:
Spoiler: :: My doubt
Dont we need 'is'/'has' with The number since the number is singular? I understand that although E is parallel it is also plural... So how come E is correct still?

C lags parallelism but is singular...

In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and costal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish's habitat.

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled
C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
D. wild salmon's numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled
E. wild salmon's numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

Clean E.
You are right that 'the number of' needs 'singular' but if you see , E changes that structure.
'Wild Salmon's numbers' = plural , hence 'have'
E also maintains ||sm reduced by'A and B', by C , and by D.

When is the usage of possessibe nouns correct in GMAT like in case of E? I sometimes eliminate choices if I see possessive nouns...
Manager
Joined: 29 Jun 2011
Posts: 64
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2011, 20:41
first up, B is in simple past. so the option to be correct it has to be "has reduced". If you wanted to use "is", the sentence would be "is reducing" ie present continuous. i hope this is clear?

and secondly, do not eliminate without reading the sentence as a whole. never.
only cases where this kind of elimination works :
1. "do it" ....correct : "do so"
2. "numbers of"....correct : "number of"
3. "whether or not"...correct : "whether"

many times the GMAT changes sentence structure, so beware.
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It matters not how strait the gate,
How charged with punishments the scroll,
I am the master of my fate :
I am the captain of my soul.
~ William Ernest Henley

Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jan 2011
Posts: 289
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2011, 22:37
sudhir18n wrote:
siddhans wrote:
Spoiler: :: My doubt
Dont we need 'is'/'has' with The number since the number is singular? I understand that although E is parallel it is also plural... So how come E is correct still?

C lags parallelism but is singular...

In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and costal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish's habitat.

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled
C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
D. wild salmon's numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled
E. wild salmon's numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

Clean E.
You are right that 'the number of' needs 'singular' but if you see , E changes that structure.
'Wild Salmon's numbers' = plural , hence 'have'
E also maintains ||sm reduced by'A and B', by C , and by D.

Doesnt E also have the ... numbers structure ??? Isnt this incorrect?
Senior Manager
Status: Prep started for the n-th time
Joined: 29 Aug 2010
Posts: 492
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2011, 05:59
E it is.

In the current lot, E is the best. Though many times GMAT does discourage use of " 's " (possessive nouns).

Crick
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Joined: 29 Apr 2010
Posts: 123
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2011, 11:50
siddans, the confusion might come from a few different phrases that look very similar:

"the number of" takes a singular verb
"a number of" takes a plural verb
"numbers" will take a plural verb

This knocks off A and C. A big difference between B, D, and E is that E uses the present perfect (which neatly indicates that the action we're talking about here-- the reduction of the wild salmon's numbers--is a complete action in the past, and that we currently still feel the effects of that action in the present). B and D also violate parallelism, as mentioned above, so E is the only choice left standing.

OP, was "the" non-underlined? That seems important, because the inclusion of the definite article in the phrase "the wild salmon's" makes it crystal clear that we are talking in the abstract--"the wild salmon" as a SPECIES is what has had its numbers reduced.
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Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2011, 12:25
fivedaysleft wrote:
A is definitely wrong, because of singular/plural rule.
B is wrong because of wrong usage of "is"
C is wrong because "the numbers" is not singular, it is plural. Also it lacks parallelism
D changes the meaning of the sentence. also it is awkward.
E changes the structure of the sentence but does not change its meaning, retains parallelism and subject-verb agreement is perfect.
Ans E

"The number" is singular, "the numbers" is plural
Manager
Joined: 15 Nov 2010
Posts: 59
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2011, 15:45
siddhans wrote:
Spoiler: :: My doubt
Dont we need 'is'/'has' with The number since the number is singular? I understand that although E is parallel it is also plural... So how come E is correct still?

C lags parallelism but is singular...

In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and costal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish's habitat.

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled
C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
D. wild salmon's numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled
E. wild salmon's numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

A, B and C are out as they fail the parallelism test. Between D and E, E wins for active voice.
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Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q48 V37
GPA: 3.26
Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un  [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2016, 05:50
siddhans wrote:
Spoiler: :: My doubt
Dont we need 'is'/'has' with The number since the number is singular? I understand that although E is parallel it is also plural... So how come E is correct still?

C lags parallelism but is singular...

In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deepsea and costal netting, by pollution, and by various other threats to the fish's habitat.

A. number of wild salmon have been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
B. number of wild salmon is reduced because deep-sea and coastal netting is not controlled
C. numbers of wild salmon has been reduced because of uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting
D. wild salmon's numbers are reduced by deep-sea and coastal netting that is not controlled
E. wild salmon's numbers have been reduced by uncontrolled deep-sea and coastal netting

A - number of - requires singular verb
B - Has singular verb but lacks parallelism
C - Same as b
D - controlled modifies netting. Change of meaning
E - Correct.
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Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un  [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2016, 10:31
the difference between simple present and present perfect is hard

we have to turn to a grammar book for this point
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Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un  [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2018, 05:49
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Re: In Scotland, the number of wild salmon have been reduced because of un &nbs [#permalink] 22 Aug 2018, 05:49
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