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In the figure shown below, the triangle PQR is inscribed in a semicirc
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04 Oct 2018, 23:43
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In the figure shown below, the triangle PQR is inscribed in a semicircle. If the length of line segment PQ is 4 and the length of line segment QR is 3, what is the length of arc PQR?
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05 Oct 2018, 06:30
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Bunuel wrote:
In the figure shown below, the triangle PQR is inscribed in a semicircle. If the length of line segment PQ is 4 and the length of line segment QR is 3, what is the length of arc PQR?
Since the figure is a semicircle, we know that PR is the diameter of the circle If PR is the diameter of the circle, then ∠Q is an inscribed angle "holding" (aka containing) the diameter. One of our circle properties tells us that ∠Q must equal 90° (see video below for more on this) This means ∆PQR is a RIGHT triangle, and its legs have lengths 3 and 4. We can EITHER apply the Pythagorean Theorem to determine the length of the hypotenuse OR we can recognize that lengths 3 and 4 are parts of a "Pythagorean triplet" 3-4-5 Either way, we can determine that PR has length 5
What is the length of arc PQR? Arc PQR is a half of the circle's circumference
Formula: circumference = (diameter)(π) = (5)(π)
So, the length of arc PQR = (1/2)(5)(π) = 5π/2
Answer: E
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In the figure shown below, the triangle PQR is inscribed in a semicirc
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06 Oct 2018, 06:18
Bunuel wrote:
In the figure shown below, the triangle PQR is inscribed in a semicircle. If the length of line segment PQ is 4 and the length of line segment QR is 3, what is the length of arc PQR?
Re: In the figure shown below, the triangle PQR is inscribed in a semicirc
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09 Oct 2018, 09:37
Bunuel wrote:
In the figure shown below, the triangle PQR is inscribed in a semicircle. If the length of line segment PQ is 4 and the length of line segment QR is 3, what is the length of arc PQR?
We see that arc PQR is half of the circle, so if we can determine the value of line PR, we can determine the arclength of PQR.
Any triangle inscribed in a semicircle where the diameter is one of the sides of the triangle is a right triangle. We recognize triangle PQR as a 3 - 4 - 5 right triangle, or we can determine the length of PR by the Pythagorean theorem. Since the length of PR is 5, we see that the circumference of the entire circle is 5π, and, thus, half of the circumference of the circle is 5π/2. This is the length of arc PQR.