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# -ing modifiers

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Manager
Joined: 14 Jul 2008
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Schools: HBS, Stanford.
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19 Aug 2008, 16:09
ok, slightly mixed up about these.

For a few questions, OG says that you must use an "-ing modifier".

Here is my understanding....

words like that, who, and which are adjective modifiers that modify the noun before it.
words like when, where, and any -ing form of a verb are adverbial modifiers, and modify a verb.

but in OG, they sometimes have -ing modifiers modifying the noun (rather than the verb) right before it.
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Manager
Joined: 14 Jul 2008
Posts: 96
Schools: HBS, Stanford.
Followers: 1

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19 Aug 2008, 16:12
ex:

1.I smiled happily, running to the bus.
2. I have powers enabling me to fly.

in 1, -ing modifies the verb (smiling)
in 2, -ing mods the noun (powers).
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Re: -ing modifiers   [#permalink] 19 Aug 2008, 16:12
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