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International Policy Adviser: People over the age of 65 are

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International Policy Adviser: People over the age of 65 are  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2010, 23:37
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International Policy Adviser: People over the age of 65 are underrepresented in the government of Country X. Because the government sets the country's policy priorities and passes new laws, the underrepresentation of people over the age of 65 results in a significant lack of consideration for issues important to this age group, such as pensions, age-related welfare, and employment discrimination; only an increase in the number of government officials will solve the problem.

Which of the following best describes an assumption implicit to the international policy adviser's argument?

(A) A significant increase in the size of Country X's government would be required in order to increase the representation of people over the age of 65 in the government.
(B) A significant increase in the representation of people over the age of 65 in Country X's government would result in an increase in the consideration for issues affecting people in this age group.
(C) A significant increase in funding toward educating the government about issues affecting people over age 65 would result in more serious consideration for issues affecting people in this age group.
(D) A significant increase in funding for adult education targeted to people over age 65 would result in an increase in the number of such people in Country X's government.
(E) A significant increase in the representation of people over the age of 65 in Country X's government would have to precede any increase in the number of high-ranking government officials who are over the age of 65.
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Re: underrepresentation of people over age 65  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2010, 00:06
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sushma0805 wrote:
International Policy Adviser: People over the age of 65 are underrepresented in the government of Country X. Because the government sets the country's policy priorities and passes new laws, the underrepresentation of people over the age of 65 results in a significant lack of consideration for issues important to this age group, such as pensions, age-related welfare, and employment discrimination; only an increase in the number of government officials will solve the problem.

Which of the following best describes an assumption implicit to the international policy adviser's argument?

(A) A significant increase in the size of Country X's government would be required in order to increase the representation of people over the age of 65 in the government.>>> Let say there are 4 people over the age of 65 in a government of 9 officials, we need to have only 1 person to overcome under representation>> So a significant increase is not necessary.
(B) A significant increase in the representation of people over the age of 65 in Country X's government would result in an increase in the consideration for issues affecting people in this age group. >>> Negate this assertion and the argument falls apart. Negation :A significant increase in the representation of people over the age of 65 in Country X's government would NOT result in an increase in the consideration for issues affecting people in this age group
(C) A significant increase in funding toward educating the government about issues affecting people over age 65 would result in more serious consideration for issues affecting people in this age group.>>> Not mentioned >> Out of scope
(D) A significant increase in funding for adult education targeted to people over age 65 would result in an increase in the number of such people in Country X's government.>>> Not mentioned >> Out of scope
(E) A significant increase in the representation of people over the age of 65 in Country X's government would have to precede any increase in the number of high-ranking government officials who are over the age of 65. >>> Not mentioned >> Out of scope.
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Re: underrepresentation of people over age 65  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2010, 07:39
Straight B.

when you negate B, argument is weakened.
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Re: underrepresentation of people over age 65  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2010, 16:45
"only an increase in the number of government officials will solve the problem"...
i was closing the loop hole in this conclusion, and marked ans A and thought B is already stated in the argument.

thanks !!
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Re: International Policy Adviser: People over the age of 65 are  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2016, 00:02
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Answer is (B) A significant increase in the representation of people over the age of 65 in Country X's government would result in an increase in the consideration for issues affecting people in this age group.

Since people over the age of 65 are underrepresented in the government, their issues are not resolved. So only C provides option to resolve this.
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Re: International Policy Adviser: People over the age of 65 are  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2016, 18:14
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Isn't B already stated in the question stem?

"the underrepresentation of people over the age of 65 results in a significant lack of consideration for issues important to this age group"

How can it be the assumption? Isn't assumption an unstated evidence?

Please help!!!
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Re: International Policy Adviser: People over the age of 65 are  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2016, 18:43
obvious its B no doubt. They are making policies without any consideration for anyone.
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Re: International Policy Adviser: People over the age of 65 are  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2016, 12:53
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manhasnoname wrote:
Isn't B already stated in the question stem?

"the underrepresentation of people over the age of 65 results in a significant lack of consideration for issues important to this age group"

How can it be the assumption? Isn't assumption an unstated evidence?

Please help!!!


Premise: X (underrepresentation) causes Y (lack in consideration). This statement is not same as saying removal of X will result in Y not happening. (there could be other factors whose presence or absence may still be causing Y, even after removal of the cause X).

Hence the statement that removal of X will result in Y not happening must be explicitly assumed in order to arrive at the conclusion.
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Re: International Policy Adviser: People over the age of 65 are  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2016, 07:43
Premise : significant underrepresented population aged over 65 leading to lack of considering issues faced by them.
Conclusion: increase in number of government officials will solve the problem.
Assumption:increase in representation leads to consideration of the issues faced by them (solution)
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Re: International Policy Adviser: People over the age of 65 are  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2018, 10:35
since the source is not clear, but the question has been bookmarked many times, I think the question is correct.
(A) A significant increase in the size of Country X's government would be required in order to increase the representation of people over the age of 65 in the government. -> A only concerns the requirement of the increase of the representation.
(B) A significant increase in the representation of people over the age of 65 in Country X's government would result in an increase in the consideration for issues affecting people in this age group. -> causal effect and relationship
(C) A significant increase in funding toward educating the government about issues affecting people over age 65 would result in more serious consideration for issues affecting people in this age group.
(D) A significant increase in funding for adult education targeted to people over age 65 would result in an increase in the number of such people in Country X's government.
(E) A significant increase in the representation of people over the age of 65 in Country X's government would have to precede any increase in the number of high-ranking government officials who are over the age of 65.
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Re: International Policy Adviser: People over the age of 65 are  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2018, 03:14
Premise: There are less number of people in the government of country X who are over the age of 65. This causes significant lack of consideration for issues important to this age group

Conclusion: Only an increase in the number of government officials will solve the problem.

Looking to fill the bridge between premise and conclusion, one can assume that increase in number of people over age 65 in the government would actually result in increase in the consideration of issues for this age group. Otherwise the conclusion, falls apart. Hence choice B is right.

KUDOs please :)
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Re: International Policy Adviser: People over the age of 65 are  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2019, 07:44
Hello, I am still not clear about the OE for choice B.

People over the age of 65 are underrepresented in the government of Country X. The underrepresentation of people over the age of 65 results in a significant lack of consideration for issues important to this age group; only an increase in the number of government officials will solve the problem.

IMO conclusion is only an increase in the number of government officials will solve the problem i.e. the author wants us to believe that if the number of govt officials will increase the number of people over the age of 65 will also increase in the govt thereby increasing the representation of this age group and hence the consideration for this age group (second underlined part of the story is an assumption implicit in the argument).

Choices C, D & E can be easily eliminated. However, I am struggling really hard to eliminate choice A. Is it because choice A does not mention anything about the consideration?
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Re: International Policy Adviser: People over the age of 65 are   [#permalink] 21 May 2019, 07:44
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