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Investigations along the Solo river in Indonesia have led some archeol

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Investigations along the Solo river in Indonesia have led some archeol  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2016, 10:42
1
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A
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D
E

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Question Stats:

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Investigations along the Solo river in Indonesia have led some archeologists to debunk the idea of an era in which Homo Erectus had still survived in then Homo Sapiens’ inhabited areas.

(A) in which Homo Erectus had still survived in then Homo Sapiens’ inhabited areas
(B) in which Homo Erectus still survived in areas inhabited by Homo Sapiens
(C) when Homo Erectus still survived where there were areas inhabited by Homo Sapiens
(D) when Homo Erectus had still survived in current Homo Sapiens areas
(E) when Homo Erectus still survived in areas that were then Homo Sapiens’
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Re: Investigations along the Solo river in Indonesia have led some archeol  [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2016, 11:05
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Past Perfect is not needed here - A and D are out

Usage of 'where' is incorrect in C.

Between B and E:
B) In which Homo Erectus still survived in areas inhabited by Homo Sapiens - Correct
E) When Homo Erectus still survived in areas that were then Homo Sapiens’ - Incorrect - Changes meaning. Also 'in which' seems to be more appropriate here than 'when'.

Answer: B
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Re: Investigations along the Solo river in Indonesia have led some archeol  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2018, 02:46
in choice E, "Sapien's area" dose not mean "inhabited by Sapien". meaning is changed. E is gone.
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Investigations along the Solo river in Indonesia have led some archeol  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2019, 03:20
Quote:
Investigations along the Solo river in Indonesia have led some archeologists to debunk the idea of an era in which Homo Erectus had still survived in then Homo Sapiens??? inhabited areas.

(A) in which Homo Erectus had still survived in then Homo Sapiens??? inhabited areas
(B) in which Homo Erectus still survived in areas inhabited by Homo Sapiens
(C) when Homo Erectus still survived where there were areas inhabited by Homo Sapiens
(D) when Homo Erectus had still survived in current Homo Sapiens areas
(E) when Homo Erectus still survived in areas that were then Homo Sapiens???


HI GMATNinja, DmitryFarber, MagooshExpert (Carolyn), generis, jennpt , GMATGuruNY

Why is in which more appropriate than when?

Isn't when modifying era(time)?
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Re: Investigations along the Solo river in Indonesia have led some archeol  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2019, 06:34
happy1992 wrote:
Investigations along the Solo river in Indonesia have led some archeologists to debunk the idea of an era in which Homo Erectus had still survived in then Homo Sapiens’ inhabited areas.

(A) in which Homo Erectus had still survived in then Homo Sapiens’ inhabited areas
(B) in which Homo Erectus still survived in areas inhabited by Homo Sapiens
(C) when Homo Erectus still survived where there were areas inhabited by Homo Sapiens
(D) when Homo Erectus had still survived in current Homo Sapiens areas
(E) when Homo Erectus still survived in areas that were then Homo Sapiens’



Solution


Credit: http://www.gmatfree.com/module-68/the-s ... lanation=1

Creating a filter: in this question, the construction "in which" may stand out. The answer choices show that "in which" and "when" are alternatives we must choose between. Both phrases, "in which" and "when," convey meaning accurately here. More of a problem is the phrase "in then Homo Sapiens' inhabited areas," an awkward string of words.

Applying the filter: (B) looks better and clear. Choice (C) has strange phrasing that leaves us uncertain whether the two groups are in the same area, as the sentence intends to say. Choice (D) has the same problem as (A). Choice (E) distorts the meaning of the sentence; the intended meaning isn't that any areas belonged to Homo Sapiens; we're talking about cohabitation. The correct answer is (B).
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Re: Investigations along the Solo river in Indonesia have led some archeol  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2019, 21:24
had - present perfect tense is used when there are two related events in the past and the sequencing is not clear.

(A) in which Homo Erectus had still survived in then Homo Sapiens’ inhabited areas - Is there any other related event in the past for which we require had? No.
(B) in which Homo Erectus still survived in areas inhabited by Homo Sapiens - Looks good, lets keep it and move on to find a better answer if possible.
(C) when Homo Erectus still survived where there were areas inhabited by Homo Sapiens - "still survived"? We are talking about event that's over in the past.
(D) when Homo Erectus had still survived in current Homo Sapiens areas - again, incorrect usage of had.
(E) when Homo Erectus still survived in areas that were then Homo Sapiens’ - Still survived again incorrect, that were then Homo Sapiens' is also incorrect because out intended meaning is that areas were always inhabited by Homo Sapiens, not only then.

Hence, B wins.
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Re: Investigations along the Solo river in Indonesia have led some archeol  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2019, 01:47
if we want to use had done, we need "did" or "have done", both of which show a part action or an action beginning in the past. but this past action must be in time sequence logically with the action presented by had done. appearance of an action presented by "did" or "have done" dose not guarantee the correct usage of "had done". this is a hard point of usage of had done.

we can not use "had survived " here because the action "survived' has no time relation with '"have led". these two actions are not in sequence of time.

second error
area of "homo" is not mean "area inhabited by Homo".
choice a and e are wrong
look at choice C
when Homo Erectus still survived where there were areas inhabited by Homo Sapiens - "still survived"? We are talking about event that's over in the past.

"survive where there were areas inhabited by Homo" mean that the large place in which they survived contains smaller areas which are inhabited by Homo. this meaning is different from the meaning that Erectus survive in area inhabited by Homo.

choice c is wrong
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Re: Investigations along the Solo river in Indonesia have led some archeol  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2019, 04:32
Vyshak wrote:
Past Perfect is not needed here - A and D are out

Usage of 'where' is incorrect in C.

Between B and E:
B) In which Homo Erectus still survived in areas inhabited by Homo Sapiens - Correct
E) When Homo Erectus still survived in areas that were then Homo Sapiens’ - Incorrect - Changes meaning. Also 'in which' seems to be more appropriate here than 'when'.

Answer: B



Could you please explain why 'where' is not correct here? :/
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Re: Investigations along the Solo river in Indonesia have led some archeol  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2019, 03:56
sujaygmat wrote:
Vyshak wrote:
Past Perfect is not needed here - A and D are out

Usage of 'where' is incorrect in C.

Between B and E:
B) In which Homo Erectus still survived in areas inhabited by Homo Sapiens - Correct
E) When Homo Erectus still survived in areas that were then Homo Sapiens’ - Incorrect - Changes meaning. Also 'in which' seems to be more appropriate here than 'when'.

Answer: B



Could you please explain why 'where' is not correct here? :/


Option C:

when Homo Erectus still survived where there were areas inhabited by Homo Sapiens

'where' is wrong because the intended meaning should be like this:

when Homo Erectus still survived in areas inhabited by Homo Sapiens
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Re: Investigations along the Solo river in Indonesia have led some archeol   [#permalink] 19 Sep 2019, 03:56
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