GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Oct 2019, 10:07

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

It has long been a tenet of business theory that the best decisions ar

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Senior RC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 4104
GPA: 3.39
It has long been a tenet of business theory that the best decisions ar  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 28 Sep 2019, 03:56
1
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 188 sessions

40% (03:10) correct 60% (03:00) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 183 sessions

81% (00:40) correct 19% (00:49) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 181 sessions

68% (00:50) correct 32% (00:58) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 163 sessions

93% (00:56) correct 7% (01:32) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 175 sessions

66% (01:10) correct 34% (01:22) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 55, Date : 28-FEB-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


It has long been a tenet of business theory
that the best decisions are made after careful
review and consideration. Only after weighing all
the options and studying projections, say most
(5) professors of business, can a practical decision be
made.

Now, that model is being questioned by some
business thinkers in the light of the theories of
Malcolm Gladwell, who states that human beings
(10) often make better decisions in the blink of an eye.
It is, at first glance, a theory so counter-
intuitive as to seem almost ludicrous. Behind any
decision, Gladwell posits, there is a behind-the-
scenes subconscious process in which the brain
(15) analyzes; ranks in order of importance; compares
and contrasts vast amounts of information; and
dismisses extraneous factors, seemingly almost
instantaneously, often arriving at a conclusion
in less than two seconds. Citing a multitude of
(20) studies and examples from life, Gladwell shows
how that split-second decision is often better
informed than a drawn-out examination.

Evanston and Cramer were the first to apply
this theory to the business world. Evanston
(25) videotaped the job interviews of 400 applicants at
different firms. He then played only 10 seconds of
each videotape to independent human resources
specialists. The specialists were able to pick out
the applicants who were hired with an accuracy of
(30) over 90%.

Cramer took the experiment even further, using
only five seconds of videotape, without sound.
To his astonishment, the rate of accuracy with
which the HR specialists were able to predict the
(35) successful applicants fell only to 82%.

Critics argue that these results illustrate a
problem with stereotyping that impedes human
resources specialists from hiring the best
candidates even when they have the time to
(40) get below the surface: going for the candidate
who “looks the part.” Gladwell argues that, on
the contrary, the human mind is able to make
complicated decisions quickly and that intuition
often trumps an extended decision-making
(45) process.
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. discuss reasons an accepted business theory is being reexamined
B. present evidence that resolves a contradiction in business theory
C. describe a tenet of business practices and how that tenet can be tested in today’s economic environment
D. argue that a counter-intuitive new business idea is, in the final analysis, incorrect
E. present evidence that invalidates a new business model

2. According to the passage, all of the following are examples of the subconscious processes by which the brain makes a decision EXCEPT

A. analysis of information
B. ranking of information
C. comparison and contrast of information
D. rejecting information that is not pertinent
E. consulting a multitude of studies and examples

3. The author’s attitude toward the long-held view that decisions should be made carefully over time expressed in lines 1–5 can best be described as

A. dismissive and scornful
B. respectful but questioning
C. admiring and deferential
D. uncertain but optimistic
E. condescending and impatient

4. The author most likely mentions the results of Cramer’s extension of Evanston’s experiment in order to

A. show that Cramer’s hypothesis was correct, while Evanston’s hypothesis turned out to be incorrect
B. show that Evanston’s hypothesis was correct, while Cramer’s hypothesis turned out to be incorrect
C. demonstrate that while both experiments were scientifically rigorous, neither ended up being scientifically valid
D. illustrate that the principle of subconscious decisions continues to work even when less information is available
E. demonstrate that Cramer’s experiment was 8% more accurate than Evanston’s, even though his subjects had less information to work with

5. It can be inferred that the critics referred to in line 36 believed the results of the two experiments had less to do with the innate decision-making of the subjects than with

A. the excellent decision-making of Evanston and Cramer
B. the expertise of Malcolm Gladwell, who originated the theory
C. not choosing candidates who “looked the part”
D. the use of videotape as a method of choosing candidates
E. their unconscious use of visual stereotypes in making their selections



Cracking the GMAT Premium 2019

_________________

Originally posted by SajjadAhmad on 28 Feb 2019, 07:00.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 28 Sep 2019, 03:56, edited 1 time in total.
Updated - Complete topic (717).
Senior RC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 4104
GPA: 3.39
Re: It has long been a tenet of business theory that the best decisions ar  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Mar 2019, 07:01
4
Official Explanation


1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

Explanation

In this passage, the accepted practice of making thoughtful business decisions based on careful review is being questioned in light of a new theory. Both (D) and (E) imply that the author has rejected this new model. Choice (C) uses a catchy word from the passage (tenet) and fails to indicate that there is a new idea that goes against that tenet. Choice (B) implies that the contradiction between the theory of making decisions based on careful review and the theory of making split-second decisions has in fact been resolved.

The correct answer is (A).


2. According to the passage, all of the following are examples of the subconscious processes by which the brain makes a decision EXCEPT

Explanation

Where do you find the key words subconscious process? In the third paragraph. Choices (A), (B), (C), and (D) are all paraphrases of examples of the processes cited in that paragraph. Only (E) is not. In fact, the multitude of studies and examples are cited in support of Gladwell’s hypothesis.

The correct answer is (E).


3. The author’s attitude toward the long-held view that decisions should be made carefully over time expressed in lines 1–5 can best be described as

Explanation

Both (A) and (E) are too extreme to be the correct answer on the GMAT. But clearly, the new theory being described is an attempt to go beyond the conventional wisdom.

The correct answer is (B).


4. The author most likely mentions the results of Cramer’s extension of Evanston’s experiment in order to

Explanation

The information about Cramer’s extension is in lines 31–35. Choices (A) and (B) are incorrect because the passage doesn’t mention what the researchers’ hypotheses were. Choice (C) is incorrect because the author doesn’t say their work was invalid. Choice (D) in supported by the passage because Cramer found that with even less information the specialists were still highly successful at predicting. Choice (E) is incorrect; in Cramer’s study the participants did somewhat worse with less information, not better.

The correct answer is (D).


5. It can be inferred that the critics referred to in line 36 believed the results of the two experiments had less to do with the innate decision-making of the subjects than with

Explanation

The passage states that the critics believe that HR specialists prefer someone who looks the part and that is the reason successful candidates can be predicted from brief observations. This supports (E) because [looking] the part is the same as visual stereotypes. Watch out for trap answer (C), which is a reversal.

The correct answer is (E).


Thank you Members :thumbup: :thumbup:
_________________
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 27 Jan 2019
Posts: 4
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Human Resources
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: It has long been a tenet of business theory that the best decisions ar  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 May 2019, 00:53
Hi,

please is there someone who could explain Q5 better
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 09 Jun 2018
Posts: 91
GMAT 1: 610 Q42 V33
GMAT 2: 620 Q40 V35
GMAT 3: 660 Q41 V40
GPA: 3.32
Re: It has long been a tenet of business theory that the best decisions ar  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Oct 2019, 10:16
achand05 wrote:
Hi,

please is there someone who could explain Q5 better


5. It can be inferred that the critics referred to in line 36 believed the results of the two experiments had less to do with the innate decision-making of the subjects than with

Question 5 asks about the critics mentioned in the final paragraph and the reason for their criticism.

The "innate decision-making of the subjects" is what Gladwell argues is the reason for the human resource specialists' ability to pick out the hired candidate from watching a clip from the interview with and without sound. So the answer needs to be the reason that the critics are skeptical of this point.

A. the excellent decision-making of Evanston and Cramer
While Evanston and Cramer conduct the experiments, they are not the ones who select any candidates who are interviewed.

B. the expertise of Malcolm Gladwell, who originated the theory
Gladwell did originate the theory, but it is not the reason that the critics are skeptical about it.

C. not choosing candidates who “looked the part”
This is a trap answer, in fact the critics are skeptical because they think that HR representatives picked individuals who did look the part.

D. the use of videotape as a method of choosing candidates
This is not cited as a reason that the critics are skeptical.

E. their unconscious use of visual stereotypes in making their selections
This supports the skepticism of the critics and is cited in line(40): 'going for the candidate who “looks the part.”'


I hope this helps you make sense of the answer a little bit more.



Please give kudos if this was helpful in any way!
GMAT Club Bot
Re: It has long been a tenet of business theory that the best decisions ar   [#permalink] 02 Oct 2019, 10:16
Display posts from previous: Sort by

It has long been a tenet of business theory that the best decisions ar

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne