It is currently 25 Jun 2017, 14:24

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# It is common knowledge that a given word can have various

Author Message
Manager
Joined: 21 May 2011
Posts: 238
It is common knowledge that a given word can have various [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jul 2011, 21:37
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

44% (02:01) correct 56% (01:04) wrong based on 38 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

It is common knowledge that a given word can have various shades of meaning, but how many people are aware that a single word can sometimes be used in completely contradictory ways? For example, the word "cleave" can mean "to adhere" or "to stick together." But just as easily the word "cleave" can mean "to split apart" or "to divide." This proves that words are fundamentally meaningless until they are placed in a sentence.

Which one of the following is an assumption necessary to the author's argument?

Every sentence is meaningful.
Common knowledge is usually wrong.
The possession of two contradictory meanings is equivalent to an absence of meaning.
The word "cleave" is unique in that it can be used in completely contradictory ways.
A word that possesses two shades of meaning is a word that possesses two contradictory meanings.
Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Apr 2010
Posts: 446
Re: CR - Assumption 700 level [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jul 2011, 21:49
The author says that words can have various shades of meanings; words can also have contradictory meanings. For that, an example is given followed by a conclusion that generalizes words into meaningless words.

So the author needs to assume that all words that have contradictory meaning are meaningless.
_________________

Senior Manager
Joined: 09 Feb 2011
Posts: 279
Concentration: General Management, Social Entrepreneurship
Schools: HBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q50 V47
Re: CR - Assumption 700 level [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jul 2011, 22:35
1
KUDOS
Every sentence is meaningful. The author is not talking about menanigfulness of sentences. he is saying that words get meaning only when they are placed in a sentence. presumably, words can have meaning even in a meaningless sentence!
Common knowledge is usually wrong.: The author is not saying that. he is ot even arguing against common knowledge (that words have shades of meaning) he is just adding another aspect to it, which is not in common knowledge ( that sometimes words may have contradictory meanings)
The possession of two contradictory meanings is equivalent to an absence of meaning. This option is correct. Author argues that there are words which have contradictory meanings. and then in next sentence says that words are therefore meaningless! he is clearly (and wrongly) equating having two opposing meanings to having no meaning at all!
The word "cleave" is unique in that it can be used in completely contradictory ways. That is not author's assumption - in fact if anything he would assume something opposite of that - since he is using cleave as an example to support a general statement he is making.. his whole argument would fall apart if he would say that cleave is unique!
A word that possesses two shades of meaning is a word that possesses two contradictory meanings. No , auhtor is not assuming that - argument clearly says, 'sometimes' a word can possess.. that doesnt mean that the author is assuming always a word with shades of meaning will have contradictory meanings![/
Manager
Joined: 14 Feb 2010
Posts: 160
Location: Banaglore
Re: CR - Assumption 700 level [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Jul 2011, 01:44
bschool83 wrote:
It is common knowledge that a given word can have various shades of meaning, but how many people are aware that a single word can sometimes be used in completely contradictory ways? For example, the word "cleave" can mean "to adhere" or "to stick together." But just as easily the word "cleave" can mean "to split apart" or "to divide." This proves that words are fundamentally meaningless until they are placed in a sentence.

Which one of the following is an assumption necessary to the author's argument?

Every sentence is meaningful.
Common knowledge is usually wrong.
The possession of two contradictory meanings is equivalent to an absence of meaning.
The word "cleave" is unique in that it can be used in completely contradictory ways.
A word that possesses two shades of meaning is a word that possesses two contradictory meanings.

I will go with C. what is the OA?
Senior Manager
Joined: 17 May 2010
Posts: 290
GMAT 1: 710 Q47 V40
Re: CR - Assumption 700 level [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Jul 2011, 07:06
C. First he says that there are two different meanings. Then he jumps and says that words with two different meanings are fundamentally meaningless. C bridges that gap.
_________________

If you like my post, consider giving me KUDOS!

Moderator
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3211
Re: CR - Assumption 700 level [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Aug 2011, 17:16
agree with C OA ???
_________________
Manager
Joined: 09 Jun 2011
Posts: 142
Re: CR - Assumption 700 level [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Aug 2011, 21:46
Agree with C..Though A might entice you..But it talks about the entire sentence and not of the word which is used in the sentence..
Manager
Joined: 10 Jan 2011
Posts: 237
Location: India
GMAT Date: 07-16-2012
GPA: 3.4
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Re: CR - Assumption 700 level [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Sep 2011, 05:06
C

the argument states one example as primise, and makes general claim that words are meaningless.
assumption should make one of the primise true. option C explicitly makes the primise true.
_________________

-------Analyze why option A in SC wrong-------

Manager
Joined: 01 Jun 2011
Posts: 174
Re: CR - Assumption 700 level [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Sep 2011, 02:25
C fro me
Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2011
Posts: 183
Re: CR - Same word different meanings [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Sep 2011, 05:46
yup... nice question!! C is my take as well
Manager
Joined: 09 Jun 2011
Posts: 103
Re: CR - Same word different meanings [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Sep 2011, 06:12
bschool83 wrote:
It is common knowledge that a given word can have various shades of meaning, but how many people are aware that a single word can sometimes be used in completely contradictory ways? For example, the word "cleave" can mean "to adhere" or "to stick together." But just as easily the word "cleave" can mean "to split apart" or "to divide." This proves that words are fundamentally meaningless until they are placed in a sentence.

Which one of the following is an assumption necessary to the author's argument?

Every sentence is meaningful.
Common knowledge is usually wrong.
The possession of two contradictory meanings is equivalent to an absence of meaning.
The word "cleave" is unique in that it can be used in completely contradictory ways.
A word that possesses two shades of meaning is a word that possesses two contradictory meanings.
Manager
Joined: 09 Jun 2011
Posts: 77
Re: CR - Same word different meanings [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Sep 2011, 07:28
+1 for C
Re: CR - Same word different meanings   [#permalink] 10 Sep 2011, 07:28
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Purchasing can have a significant effect on an organization 0 09 May 2011, 00:47
Lecture: Given our current state of knowledge and 15 06 May 2011, 08:23
I was curious if the word 'BECUASE' can ever be used to 7 30 Nov 2010, 11:03
Q17)Lecture: Given our current state of knowledge and 13 06 Jun 2010, 20:40
1 Archaeologists have discovered various paintings on the 20 19 Jun 2008, 09:33
Display posts from previous: Sort by