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Lofgren's disease has been observed frequently in commercially raised

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Lofgren's disease has been observed frequently in commercially raised  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 24 Sep 2018, 03:59
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Question Stats:

62% (01:50) correct 38% (02:08) wrong based on 651 sessions

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Lofgren's disease has been observed frequently in commercially raised cattle but very rarely in chickens. Both cattle and chickens raised for meat are often fed the type of feed that transmits the virus that causes the disease. Animals infected with the virus take more than a year to develop symptoms of Lofgren's disease, however, and chickens commercially raised for meat, unlike cattle, are generally brought to market during their first year of life.

Which of the following is most strongly supported by the information provided?


A. The virus that causes Lofgren's disease cannot be transmitted to human beings by chickens.

B. There is no way to determine whether a chicken is infected with the Lofgren's disease virus before the chicken shows symptoms of the disease.

C. A failure to observe Lofgren's disease in commercial chicken populations is not good evidence that chickens are immune to the virus that causes this disease.

D. An animal that has been infected with the virus that causes Lofgren's disease but that has not developed symptoms cannot transmit the disease to an uninfected animal of the same species.

E. The feed that chickens and cattle are fed is probably not the only source of the virus that causes Lofgren's disease.

Originally posted by gottodoit on 09 Apr 2006, 20:24.
Last edited by Bunuel on 24 Sep 2018, 03:59, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Lofgren's disease has been observed frequently in commercially raised  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2006, 21:54
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gottodoit wrote:
Lofgren's disease has been observed frequently in commercially raised cattle but very rarely in chickens. Both cattle and chickens raised for meat are often fed the type of feed that transmits the virus that causes the disease. Animals infected with the virus take more than a year to develop symptoms of Lofgren's disease, however, and chickens commercially raised for meat, unlike cattle, are generally brought to market during their first year of life.
Which of the following is most strongly supported by the information provided?
A: The virus that causes Lofgren's disease cannot be transmitted to human beings by chickens.
B: There is no way to determine whether a chicken is infected with the Lofgren's disease virus before the chicken shows symptoms of the disease.
C: A failure to observe Lofgren's disease in commercial chicken populations is not good evidence that chickens are immune to the virus that causes this disease.
D: An animal that has been infected with the virus that causes Lofgren's disease but that has not developed symptoms cannot transmit the disease to an uninfected animal of the same species.
E: The feed that chickens and cattle are fed is probably not the only source of the virus that causes Lofgren's disease.

Any opinons? I will let you all know my answer after the discussion.


A: way off the topic
B: a generic statement
D: assumed ( not stated in passage)
E: assumed again
C: Supported

Ans: C
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Re: Lofgren's disease has been observed frequently in commercially raised  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2006, 15:59
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Great! All C.

:P

Anyway there is no OA.

I think it's B.

My reasoning:

B: There is no way to determine whether a chicken is infected with the Lofgren's disease virus before the chicken shows symptoms of the disease.
=> Why the disease is rarely observed in chicken because chickens are killed before (1 year) they (majority) show any symptoms. If we had some way to determine that the chickens are infected without knowing the symptoms, then the chances are that the cattle and chickens are equally infected by this disease.

C: A failure to observe Lofgren's disease in commercial chicken populations is not good evidence that chickens are immune (safe) to the virus that causes this disease.


=> why C may not be correct (I think) because, nowhere in the passage mentioned that the chickens are IMMUNE TO the virus. It's clearly mentioned that the disease is rarely observed, that means they are not really immune to this disease.

Please correct me if I am wrong somewhere.
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Re: Lofgren's disease has been observed frequently in commercially raised  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2006, 21:33
C for me.

Lofgren's disease has been observed frequently in commercially raised cattle but very rarely in chickens. Both cattle and chickens raised for meat are often fed the type of feed that transmits the virus that causes the disease. Animals infected with the virus take more than a year to develop symptoms of Lofgren's disease, however, and chickens commercially raised for meat, unlike cattle, are generally brought to market during their first year of life.
Which of the following is most strongly supported by the information provided?

C: A failure to observe Lofgren's disease in commercial chicken populations is not good evidence that chickens are immune to the virus that causes this disease.
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Re: Lofgren's disease has been observed frequently in commercially raised  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2006, 11:21
Hi Guys,

While we are discussing the option B and C, let's revisit the question once again...the question says:

Which of the following is most strongly supported by the information provided?
...
B: There is no way to determine whether a chicken is infected with the Lofgren's disease virus before the chicken shows symptoms of the disease.
C: A failure to observe Lofgren's disease in commercial chicken populations is not good evidence that chickens are immune to the virus that causes this disease.
...
Now if we consider option C, what it signifies is that the:
conclusion of the given argument, say Y, is: Chickens are immune to the virus that causes this disease.
and it's given evidence in the argument, say X, is: A failure to observe Lofgren's disease in commercial chicken populations
And the option C then means that X does not lead to Y.

So, for option C to be true, author must provide both coclusion - Y and evidence X in argument, whereas,
- the argument never talks about the conclusion to be Y (it can be infered only), and,
- Also you cannot consider X as an evidence (not even as an assumption) because author did say that disease can be observed rarely in chicken...the author never talked about failure to observe disease.
So, even if Y is considered as inference (as trivikram pointed out), the option C cannot be considered as true, since X is never mentioned as evidence or assumption.

Using POE, the option B then wins.

Let me know if you have some other views.

Argument (for easy reference): "Lofgren's disease has been observed frequently in commercially raised cattle but very rarely in chickens. Both cattle and chickens raised for meat are often fed the type of feed that transmits the virus that causes the disease. Animals infected with the virus take more than a year to develop symptoms of Lofgren's disease, however, and chickens commercially raised for meat, unlike cattle, are generally brought to market during their first year of life.
"
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Re: Lofgren's disease has been observed frequently in commercially raised  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2006, 09:52
I will go for C.

Here is my explanation:

Premise1: Lofgren's is rare in chickens than it is in cattle.
Premise2: Both cattle and chicken eat same food that may cause disease.
Premise3: It takes one year for symptoms to appear.
Premise4: Chickens are brought to market in their first year.

Now the question asks for inference NOT the conslusion.
What we can infer?

1. It takes 1 year for symptoms to year doesn't mean that the disease can not be detected in first year. Only thing we can infer is NO sysmtoms can appear before 1 year and if sysmtoms are there then the chicken is atleast one year old.

2. The rarity of disease is not related to food. There MUST be some other cause of rarity.

3. No symptoms of disease have been observed in chickens brought in market.

Using 2nd inference we can say that if we have not observed the disease in chickens then it doesn't mean that they are immune. Chickens are also susecptible to disease but only thing is we have not observed.
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Re: Lofgren's disease has been observed frequently in commercially raised  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2017, 02:24
A. transmission to human beings is not covered in the stimulus, hence eliminate.
B. we don't know if any such method exists in nature, hence eliminate. (another valid reason for elimination is that this option is too extreme)
C. correct
D. we don't know if an animal not showing any symptoms of the disease can transmit it, hence eliminate
E. completely out of scope - eliminate
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Re: Lofgren's disease has been observed frequently in commercially raised  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2018, 22:27
gottodoit wrote:
Great! All C.

:P

Anyway there is no OA.

I think it's B.

My reasoning:

B: There is no way to determine whether a chicken is infected with the Lofgren's disease virus before the chicken shows symptoms of the disease.
=> Why the disease is rarely observed in chicken because chickens are killed before (1 year) they (majority) show any symptoms. If we had some way to determine that the chickens are infected without knowing the symptoms, then the chances are that the cattle and chickens are equally infected by this disease.

C: A failure to observe Lofgren's disease in commercial chicken populations is not good evidence that chickens are immune (safe) to the virus that causes this disease.


=> why C may not be correct (I think) because, nowhere in the passage mentioned that the chickens are IMMUNE TO the virus. It's clearly mentioned that the disease is rarely observed, that means they are not really immune to this disease.

Please correct me if I am wrong somewhere.
My reasoning is also same like you. In the passage the author didn’t mention anything about immunity. I am also standing with B in this one.


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Re: Lofgren's disease has been observed frequently in commercially raised &nbs [#permalink] 22 Sep 2018, 22:27
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