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Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until

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Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 22 Aug 2019, 21:06
6
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (01:30) correct 49% (01:33) wrong based on 271 sessions

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Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until 1829, when the steam locomotive was invented by Richard Trevithick, who had found a way to provide sufficient traction for movement and led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains.

A. who had found a way to provide sufficient traction for movement and led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains
B. who found a way to provide sufficient traction for movement and led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains
C. who, after finding a way to provide sufficient traction for movement, led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains
D. whose discovery of a way to provide sufficient traction for movement led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains
E. who had led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains by providing sufficient traction for movement

Originally posted by bschool83 on 21 Jul 2011, 14:49.
Last edited by Bunuel on 22 Aug 2019, 21:06, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2011, 16:58
1
rphardu,

This one seems tricky, but fairly straightforward once you grasp the meaning. In its current form the sentence seems that Richard Trevithick led to the building of the locomotives. It should in fact be his discovery that led to the building of the locomotives. You can immediately eliminate A, B, C and E.

D is the correct choice. Keep in mind that the sentence structure is constructed in a way that best expresses (and optimally) the meaning of the sentence.

Hope this helps you.
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Re: Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2011, 20:53
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bschool83 wrote:
Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until 1829, when the steam locomotive was invented by Richard Trevithick, who had found a way to provide sufficient traction for movement and led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains.

who had found a way to provide sufficient traction for movement and led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains
who found a way to provide sufficient traction for movement and led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains
who, after finding a way to provide sufficient traction for movement, led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains
whose discovery of a way to provide sufficient traction for movement led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains
who had led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains by providing sufficient traction for movement


Pause a moment and read the question -
Long distance travel - when steam locomotive was invented by Richard Trevithick - a way to provide sufficient traction for movement and led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains

How can these actions be chronological - 1 possible answer - if WHOSE is used to describe the way that provides traction and led to the building of locomo....

I can see the choice D has this sequence and no grammar errors - Choose and move ON

If you have time you can eliminate the other choices .
A-Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until 1829, when the steam locomotive was invented by Richard Trevithick, who had found a way to provide sufficient traction for movement and led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains

Break it up and read - Richard Trevithick cannot lead to the building -- Nonsense

B- same error as in A --Nonsense
C- Richard cannot lead to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains --Nonsense
E- Again Richard led to the building of locos --Nonsense
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Re: Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2011, 15:14
+1 D. Richard Trevithick didn't led to the building of the locomotive, but rather his discover did. All other choices seem to indicate Richard Trevithick led to the building of the locomotive.
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Re: Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2011, 21:05
Pls help to explain why B is not correct
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Re: Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2011, 21:28
Because Richard didn't lead to the building of locomotive trains but it was his discovery that led to the building of locomotive trains.
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Re: Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2011, 06:52
Here is an another angle of POE

Looking at the topic, the gist is clear that Trevithick‘s discovery led to invention of the locomotive. D is the only choice that directly refers to the discovery, while all the other four refer to Trevithick; So they are wrong. So D.
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Re: Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2012, 07:30
As far as I know, there is nothing wrong with E - both grammatically and meaning wise.

But, it concludes that Trevithick is the one who took the charge of building trains. This is the problem. Unless we know history, we can't answer this. In GMAT, knowledge of history is not required. Hence, we need a passive voice. So, D is correct which says only Trevithick discovery helped building locomotives but not sure whether Trevithick himself led the activity.

This is similar to following question
the-largest-trade-book-publisher-in-the-us-has-announced-the-69573.html
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Re: Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2012, 13:27
Only one option says that the discovery led to the 'building of locomotive-driven passenger trains'. That is D.
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Re: Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2012, 07:40
IMO D......

meaning bases question. :evil:

he didn't led to....

rather his invention led to.....
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Re: Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2019, 21:08
bschool83 wrote:
Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until 1829, when the steam locomotive was invented by Richard Trevithick, who had found a way to provide sufficient traction for movement and led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains.

A. who had found a way to provide sufficient traction for movement and led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains
B. who found a way to provide sufficient traction for movement and led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains
C. who, after finding a way to provide sufficient traction for movement, led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains
D. whose discovery of a way to provide sufficient traction for movement led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains
E. who had led to the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains by providing sufficient traction for movement


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



Although Trevithick had made his discovery before the building of locomotive-driven passenger trains (hence the past perfect “ had found ” ) Trevithick himself did not lead to the building of the trains. His discovery did. Only (D) indicates that the discovery led to the building... Because (D) changes the verb “ had found ” to the noun “ discovery, ” the past perfect is no longer necessary, as the only verb in this clause, “ led ” , refers to an action that occurred after the discovery. Therefore “ led ” is properly in the simple past tense.

Choice (A) incorrectly makes Trevithick the subject of “ led ” .

Choice (B) changes “ had found ” to “ found ” which no longer indicates the order of events, and doesn't address the problem of subject in (A).
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Re: Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2019, 05:27
The catch here is the meaning. Richard Trevithick did not lead to locomotive-driven passenger trains, but the discovery of a way to provide sufficient traction for movement did.
You may treat the discovery as the first step without which one cannot move to the second step i.e. building locomotive-driven passenger trains.
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Re: Long-distance travel for humans primarily relied on animal power until   [#permalink] 24 Aug 2019, 05:27
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