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M18-18

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M18-18  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 01:03
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Question Stats:

57% (01:20) correct 43% (01:21) wrong based on 297 sessions

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If 25% of the company's employees contribute at least 4% of their salary to the Charity Fund, what percent of the company's employees contribute at least 5% of their salary to the Charity Fund?


(1) 20% of the company's employees contribute at least 4% but less than 5% of their salary to the Charity Fund

(2) 95% of the company's employees contribute less than 5% of their salary to the Charity Fund

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 01:03
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Official Solution:

If 25% of the company's employees contribute at least 4% of their salary to the Charity Fund, what percent of the company's employees contribute at least 5% of their salary to the Charity Fund?

Say:

X% contribute less than 4%;

Y% contribute at least 4% but less than 5%;

Z% contribute at least 5%.

Note that these groups don't have intersections and \(X+Y+Z=100\).

Given: \(Y+Z=25\%\). Question: \(Z=\)?

(1) 20% of the company's employees contribute at least 4% but less than 5% of their salary to the Charity Fund. Given: \(Y=20\%\). Hence, \(Y+Z=20+Z=25\%\), which gives \(Z=5\%\). Sufficient.

(2) 95% of the company's employees contribute less than 5% of their salary to the Charity Fund. Given: \(X+Y=95\%\). Hence, \(X+Y+Z=95+Z=100\%\), which gives \(Z=5\%\). Sufficient.


Answer: D
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Re: M18-18  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Feb 2015, 11:47
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Bunuel

Requesting you to clarify my doubt. In this question are we not assuming that every employee is making a donation.

lets assume there are 100 people. Then we know that 25 of them contribute >=4%...

From 2 we know that 95% contribute <=5%...

Can we not consider a possibility that the 25 employees contribute more than 4 and less than 5 are part of the 95% who contribute less than 5%.. In this possibility we will come to conclusion that 5% of the people are not making any contribution..
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Re: M18-18  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2015, 04:14
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qw1981 wrote:
Bunuel

Requesting you to clarify my doubt. In this question are we not assuming that every employee is making a donation.

lets assume there are 100 people. Then we know that 25 of them contribute >=4%...

From 2 we know that 95% contribute <=5%...

Can we not consider a possibility that the 25 employees contribute more than 4 and less than 5 are part of the 95% who contribute less than 5%.. In this possibility we will come to conclusion that 5% of the people are not making any contribution..


X% of the employees who contribute less than 4 include those employees who did not contribute at all (contribute 0<4).

Check other discussions of this question:
if-25-of-the-company-s-employees-contribute-at-least-4-of-their-191729.html
if-25-of-the-company-s-employees-contribute-at-least-4-of-108484.html

Hope it helps.
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Re M18-18  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2015, 07:30
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. what about the ones that don't contribute at all ?
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Re M18-18  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2018, 14:24
I think this is a high-quality question and I agree with explanation. I do agree that this is a good quality question, but it takes a little time to understand the flaw in the thought process which made me reject choice B. All thanks to Bunuel! Thanks man!
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Re: M18-18  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 08:21
How can one assume that there are no intersections?
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Re: M18-18  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2018, 01:45
20Hobbit wrote:
How can one assume that there are no intersections?


Selection of sets (X, Y & Z) have been done in such a way that there is no intersection. Please read carefully.

X% contribute less than 4%;

Y% contribute at least 4% but less than 5%;

Z% contribute at least 5%.

X+Y+Z=100.
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Re: M18-18   [#permalink] 15 Aug 2018, 01:45
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