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# M25-18

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Math Expert
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M25-18  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2014, 00:23
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (01:44) correct 45% (02:03) wrong based on 314 sessions

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The ratio of the number of employees of three companies X, Y and Z is 3:4:8, respectively. Is the average age of all employees in these companies less than 40 years?

(1) The total age of all the employees in these companies is 600.

(2) The average age employees in X, Y, and Z, is 40, 20, and 50, respectively.

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Re M25-18  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2014, 00:23
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Official Solution:

Given that the ratio of the number of employees is $$3x:4x:8x$$, for some positive multiple $$x$$.

The questions asks whether $$(average \ age)=\frac{(total \ age)}{(number \ of \ employees)} \lt 40$$, or whether $$\frac{(total \ age)}{3x+4x+8x} \lt 40$$, which is the same as: is $$(total \ age) \lt 600x$$?

(1) The total age of all the employees in these companies is 600. The question becomes: is $$600 \lt 600x$$? Or is $$1 \lt x$$. We don't know that: if $$x=1$$, then the answer is NO but if $$x \gt 1$$, then the answer is YES. Not sufficient.

(2) The average age employees in X, Y, and Z, is 40, 20, and 50, respectively. $$(total \ age)=40*3x+20*4x+50*8x=600x$$, so the answer to the question is NO. Sufficient.

Answer: B
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Re: M25-18  [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2014, 03:20
the second statement in particular;
(2) The average age employees in X, Y, and Z, is 40, 20, and 50, respectively. (total \ age)=40*3x+20*4x+50*8x=600x, so the answer to the question is NO. Sufficient.

we cannot find the answer from this statement, so how come we say its sufficient.

i opted for E because its not possible to get a single solution from both the statements.

how come the answer is B?
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Re: M25-18  [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2014, 03:28
sriharsha63 wrote:
the second statement in particular;
(2) The average age employees in X, Y, and Z, is 40, 20, and 50, respectively. (total \ age)=40*3x+20*4x+50*8x=600x, so the answer to the question is NO. Sufficient.

we cannot find the answer from this statement, so how come we say its sufficient.

i opted for E because its not possible to get a single solution from both the statements.

how come the answer is B?

This is an Yes/No DS question. In a Yes/No Data Sufficiency questions, statement(s) is sufficient if the answer is “always yes” or “always no” while a statement(s) is insufficient if the answer is "sometimes yes" and "sometimes no".

The question asks: is the average age of all employees in these companies less than 40 years? As shown in the solution this is the same as asking is $$(total \ age) \lt 600x$$? The second statement says that $$(total \ age)=600x$$, thus the asnwer to the question is NO.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: M25-18  [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2014, 04:21
thanks Bunuel, it makes sense now. I wasnt aware about the yes/no DS question!!
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Re: M25-18  [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2014, 21:11
(1) The total age of all the employees in these companies is 600. The question becomes: is 600 \lt 600x? Or is 1 \lt x. We don't know that: if x=1, then the answer is NO but if x \gt 1, then the answer is YES. Not sufficient.

I dont understand why you ruled out Statement 1. We know that x>1 since there is a given ratio for the employees. isnt that sufficient?
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Re: M25-18  [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2014, 22:58
kritiu wrote:
(1) The total age of all the employees in these companies is 600. The question becomes: is 600 \lt 600x? Or is 1 \lt x. We don't know that: if x=1, then the answer is NO but if x \gt 1, then the answer is YES. Not sufficient.

I dont understand why you ruled out Statement 1. We know that x>1 since there is a given ratio for the employees. isnt that sufficient?

We don't know whether x > 1. The ratio could be 3:4:8, which is if x = 1.
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Re: M25-18  [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2014, 09:45
1
1
I did this way

B) The ratio of the employees are 3:4:8 and the average age are 40,20 and 50.
If you look, more no. of people are above 40 years old. So obviously average will be greater than 40 so the answer has to be N0.

B is the answer

Bunuel wrote:
kritiu wrote:
(1) The total age of all the employees in these companies is 600. The question becomes: is 600 \lt 600x? Or is 1 \lt x. We don't know that: if x=1, then the answer is NO but if x \gt 1, then the answer is YES. Not sufficient.

I dont understand why you ruled out Statement 1. We know that x>1 since there is a given ratio for the employees. isnt that sufficient?

We don't know whether x > 1. The ratio could be 3:4:8, which is if x = 1.
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Re: M25-18  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2017, 02:45
Hi. Why is the first statement insufficient? We basically have been given total age. Dividing that with the sum of ratio given is enough to deduce that the avg age of all employees = 40 yrs.

I answered it as D.
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Re: M25-18  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2017, 05:15
maryamtheleadr wrote:
Hi. Why is the first statement insufficient? We basically have been given total age. Dividing that with the sum of ratio given is enough to deduce that the avg age of all employees = 40 yrs.

I answered it as D.

If $$x=1$$ (so if the number of employees is 15), then the answer is NO but if $$x \gt 1$$ (so if the number of employees is 30, 45, ...), then the answer is YES.
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Re: M25-18  [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2018, 16:57
Interesting question. I answered D assuming the number of employees as 15 i.e x=1 in the first option. Now i get what i missed to consider.

Correct answer is B
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Re: M25-18  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2018, 05:13
Bunuel wrote:
Official Solution:

Given that the ratio of the number of employees is $$3x:4x:8x$$, for some positive multiple $$x$$.

The questions asks whether $$(average \ age)=\frac{(total \ age)}{(number \ of \ employees)} \lt 40$$, or whether $$\frac{(total \ age)}{3x+4x+8x} \lt 40$$, which is the same as: is $$(total \ age) \lt 600x$$?

(1) The total age of all the employees in these companies is 600. The question becomes: is $$600 \lt 600x$$? Or is $$1 \lt x$$. We don't know that: if $$x=1$$, then the answer is NO but if $$x \gt 1$$, then the answer is YES. Not sufficient.

(2) The average age employees in X, Y, and Z, is 40, 20, and 50, respectively. $$(total \ age)=40*3x+20*4x+50*8x=600x$$, so the answer to the question is NO. Sufficient.

Answer: B

Thanks for explaining this. I solved this correctly but your method is much clearer and takes less time.
I think for anyone else having trouble solving this quickly, one needs to always have a clear and organized workspace. Recognizing the two concepts in play - the unknown ratio multiplier, and how to calculate an average and a total - is crucial, but writing them down and then solving for them is even more important.
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Re: M25-18  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2019, 08:44
there is no difference between statements 1 and 2..they are saying that the sum of ages is 600....how can B be the answer? what if x > 1...i think answer has to be E
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Re: M25-18  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2019, 22:02
dandiv1989 wrote:
there is no difference between statements 1 and 2..they are saying that the sum of ages is 600....how can B be the answer? what if x > 1...i think answer has to be E

(1) says (total age) = 600
(2) says (total age) = 600x

There is a huge difference between 600 and 600x.
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Re: M25-18   [#permalink] 28 Nov 2019, 22:02
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# M25-18

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