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Many Lithuanian words preserve important features of words in Proto

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Many Lithuanian words preserve important features of words in Proto [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 05 Jan 2018, 06:47
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Many Lithuanian words preserve important features of words in Proto-Indo-European, the language from which it is descended, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages in order to reconstruct the original Proto-Indo-European forms.

A. it is descended, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages
B. Lithuanian descends, and scholars accordingly compare it to the corresponding words in another Indo-European language
C. Lithuanian is descended, and scholars accordingly compare Lithuanian words to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages
D. they descend, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding word in another Indo-European language
E. there is descent, and scholars accordingly compare Lithuanian words to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Originally posted by gmatFalcon on 31 Dec 2017, 12:03.
Last edited by gmatFalcon on 05 Jan 2018, 06:47, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Many Lithuanian words preserve important features of words in Proto [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2017, 21:17
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gmatFalcon wrote:
Many Lithuanian words preserve important features of words in Proto-Indo-European, the language from which it is descended, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages in order to reconstruct the original Proto-Indo-European forms.

A. it is descended, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages
B. Lithuanian descends, and scholars accordingly compare it to the corresponding words in another Indo-European language
C. Lithuanian is descended, and scholars accordingly compare Lithuanian words to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages
D. they descend, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding word in another Indo-European language
E. there is descent, and scholars accordingly compare Lithuanian words to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages



Although D seems ok with pronoun error..
But what should descend from a mix of other languages - it should be a language logically....
C clearly specifies this relationship and uses OTHER correctly rather than another..

C
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Re: Many Lithuanian words preserve important features of words in Proto [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2018, 20:16
mikemcgarry can you please answer this question, also it will be great if you could explain option-wise.
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Re: Many Lithuanian words preserve important features of words in Proto [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2018, 05:30
gmatFalcon wrote:
Many Lithuanian words preserve important features of words in Proto-Indo-European, the language from which it is descended, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages in order to reconstruct the original Proto-Indo-European forms.

A. it is descended, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages
B. Lithuanian descends, and scholars accordingly compare it to the corresponding words in another Indo-European language
C. Lithuanian is descended, and scholars accordingly compare Lithuanian words to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages
D. they descend, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding word in another Indo-European language
E. there is descent, and scholars accordingly compare Lithuanian words to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages


gmatFalcon, I can't see the underlined part ..
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Re: Many Lithuanian words preserve important features of words in Proto [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2018, 06:51
wysiwyg wrote:
gmatFalcon wrote:
Many Lithuanian words preserve important features of words in Proto-Indo-European, the language from which it is descended, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages in order to reconstruct the original Proto-Indo-European forms.

A. it is descended, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages
B. Lithuanian descends, and scholars accordingly compare it to the corresponding words in another Indo-European language
C. Lithuanian is descended, and scholars accordingly compare Lithuanian words to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages
D. they descend, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding word in another Indo-European language
E. there is descent, and scholars accordingly compare Lithuanian words to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages


gmatFalcon, I can't see the underlined part ..


Sorry for the inconvenience. Check the question now
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Re: Many Lithuanian words preserve important features of words in Proto [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2018, 16:01
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namita_am wrote:
mikemcgarry can you please answer this question, also it will be great if you could explain option-wise.

Dear namita_am,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

Here's the question again:
Many Lithuanian words preserve important features of words in Proto-Indo-European, the language from which it is descended, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages in order to reconstruct the original Proto-Indo-European forms.

A. it is descended, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages
B. Lithuanian descends, and scholars accordingly compare it to the corresponding words in another Indo-European language
C. Lithuanian is descended, and scholars accordingly compare Lithuanian words to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages
D. they descend, and scholars accordingly compare them to the corresponding word in another Indo-European language
E. there is descent, and scholars accordingly compare Lithuanian words to the corresponding words in other Indo-European languages


This question is throwing a curveball that I am not sure whether the real GMAT would throw.

You see, exactly what has "descended" from "Proto-Indo-European"? It's not the individual Lithuanian words, but instead, the Lithuanian language. One language descends from another. I don't know whether the GMAT would expect a student to recognize this particular fact, but recognizing it is crucial for answering the question.

Only options (B) & (C) get this part correct: these two choices specify that it is the language itself, not the individual words previously mentioned, that descend from "Proto-Indo-European."

Option (B) gets this correct, but then illogically suggest that folks compare "it" (the Lithuanian language) to individual words in Proto-Indo-European." This is illogical and incorrect.

The only possible answer is (C).

I'm not a huge fan of this question. The end of the answer choices, from the word "to" onward, are identical except for (D), which has an illogical difference. I think the question would be tighter if (D) were changed to resemble the other answers, so that the underlined segment would be shorter.

Here's a high quality GMAT SC practice question:
Popular Imagination

Does this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Many Lithuanian words preserve important features of words in Proto   [#permalink] 05 Jan 2018, 16:01
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