It is currently 17 Oct 2017, 11:55

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 16 Jun 2012
Posts: 1127

Kudos [?]: 3478 [0], given: 123

Location: United States
Premium Member
Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 May 2013, 00:16
iDisappear wrote:
Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the
Kushan empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan
grey schist.
A. empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or
B. empire, fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from
C. empire, either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or
D. empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from
E. empire and were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from


IMO, E

Main subject is "many of the earliest known images"

The structure is:
Many of the earliest known images.... date from........... and were fashioned either from X or from Y.
Parallel structure and correct idiom.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Kudos [?]: 3478 [0], given: 123

7 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4288

Kudos [?]: 7871 [7], given: 363

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 May 2013, 05:53
7
This post received
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
This stony example isn’t that stony . Just follow the simple rule of correlative parallelism of ‘ either --- or’ conjunction and you will get the right choice popping up like Mount Everest in front of you The tenet of correlative //is that whatever is on the right of ‘either’ should be there on the right of ‘or’ also

A. empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or --- either from (preposition) or Gandharan stone ( noun )– wrong
B. empire, fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from -- either the spotted sandstone or from --- either ( noun ) or (preposition) wrong
C. empire, either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or – either fashioned (past participle) or Gandharan (noun) –wrong
D. empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from ---either fashioned(past participle ) or from ( preposition) wrong
E. empire and were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from --- either from(preposition ) or from (preposition) – correct structure. E is eventually:
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Kudos [?]: 7871 [7], given: 363

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 16 Mar 2012
Posts: 7

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 5

Reviews Badge
Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Oct 2013, 08:16
saikarthikreddy wrote:
Here the sentence demands the use of both the present and past tense .The first part of the sentence(Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the
Kushan empire) denotes a fact which hold true even in the present,hence it requires the use of present tense .The 2nd part(images where fashioned in the past and it denotes a past action )
Hope it helps !!


This is the explaination I was specifically looking for to understand the correction from the "Verb-Tense" perspective also...In the second part the act of making(fashioning) happened in the past...Thanks.

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 5

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 12 Jan 2013
Posts: 218

Kudos [?]: 79 [0], given: 47

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jan 2014, 02:52
iDisappear wrote:
Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the
Kushan empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan
grey schist.
A. empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or
B. empire, fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from
C. empire, either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or
D. empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from
E. empire and were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from


The past participle "fashioned" in A and B is a bit ambiguous in my opinion. Does it refer to the empire or the images?

Also with A: "Mathura or...Gandharan" is not parallel to "from the... of Mathura" we need a from after or, so A is gone

B) "from either" is weird, it implies that something was fashioned from either of the two, which implies that it could be fashioned from both. "either" means "at least one of them" in this context. "Either from" on the other hand, correctly implies that it was taken either from x OR from y. Also, the "or" later on doesn't make sense with what this option says right now. "We can drink water from either OF the wells" is correct, however "we can drink water from either the left OR the right well" is incorrect. So B is gone

C) the ", either fashioned" portion looks weird. What does fashioned modify? empire, or images? Also it just feels like the option is screaming for a "which", this would require a "was/were" for the past participle otherwise we do not have correct s-v agreement. But we have images and we have empire, so which of the "was/were" would be correct? Also, the parallel structure is wrong, we need a "from" after the last "or". In other words, this option is a complete mess. C is gone

D) did the images do the fashioning? That's what this option implies. Plus, the "from" indicate that the images fashioned FROM those locations. The meaning is completely distorted in this option, D is gone.

E) the "were" corrects the ambiguity, we now know that the images themselves did not fashion anything, they themselves WERE fashioned. We have a "either..or" structure and for correct parallelism, we need "from" in both x and y. We have that, so E is correct.

Kudos [?]: 79 [0], given: 47

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 15 Aug 2013
Posts: 302

Kudos [?]: 82 [0], given: 23

Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 May 2014, 18:58
Hi Shraddha,

Can you please explain a nagging issue:

1) If there is a comma separating two clauses, don't the two clauses need some sort of coordinating conjunction such as "and or but" and don't the two clauses need to be independent?

2) I eliminated A and B because the second part of the clause because it's not independent. Was that wrong?

3) What is the general rule when we have a comma with a coordinating conjunction. Conversely, what is the general rule when we have a comma without a coordinating conjunction?

Thanks!

Kudos [?]: 82 [0], given: 23

2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 22 Feb 2009
Posts: 214

Kudos [?]: 173 [2], given: 148

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jul 2014, 00:45
2
This post received
KUDOS
Here is OG's explaination

"Th e sentence makes two claims about the earliest
known images of Hindu deities in India: Th ey
date from the Kushan Empire, and they are made
from sandstone or schist. Th e clearest, most
eff ective way to incorporate these two claims into
a single sentence is to provide two parallel
predicates for the single subject, the earliest known
images of Hindu deities in India. Th e two options of
media, presented as either/or choices, must also be
given in parallel structure: either from … or from …
or from either … or. …

A Placement of the modifi er fashioned …
suggests that the Empire (the closest noun),
not the images of the deities, was fashioned
out of these materials; to parallel either from,
the preposition from should also follow or.
B Parallelism requires that either precede the
fi rst appearance of from or that the second
appearance of from be eliminated.
C As in A and B, the placement of the
modifi er after Empire is misleading;
parallelism requires that the phrase
fashioned from, or another comparable
verb and preposition, follow or.
D Parallelism requires that a verb follow or,
since a verb follows either.
E Correct. Two verbs, date and were fashioned,
introduce parallel predicates for the subject,
earliest known images; the choices of media
are correctly presented with the structure
either from … or from.
_________________

.........................................................................
+1 Kudos please, if you like my post

Kudos [?]: 173 [2], given: 148

Expert Post
2 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
S
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2311

Kudos [?]: 9026 [2], given: 335

Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jul 2014, 08:32
2
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
russ9 wrote:
Hi Shraddha,

Can you please explain a nagging issue:

1) If there is a comma separating two clauses, don't the two clauses need some sort of coordinating conjunction such as "and or but" and don't the two clauses need to be independent?

2) I eliminated A and B because the second part of the clause because it's not independent. Was that wrong?

3) What is the general rule when we have a comma with a coordinating conjunction. Conversely, what is the general rule when we have a comma without a coordinating conjunction?

Thanks!


Hi russ9,

I apologize for reverting so late. But then better late than never. :-)

Let's clarify all your doubts now.

1) Yes, your understanding is correct. Only a Comma CANNOT join two Independent Clause (IC). We need Comma + FANBOYS to join two ICs. These FANBOYS are called coordinating conjunctions.

2) I am afraid you did not eliminate Choices A and B for the right reasons. We CANNOT have ICs after comma. That will lead to incorrect sentence structure as only Comma will be joining two ICS. This is not possible. In Choices A, B, and C, modification of "fashioned" is not correct. The Verb-ed Modifiers in GMAT modifies the preceding Noun Entity. Here the preceding Noun Entity is "the Kushan Empire". Now this modification does not make sense because according to the intended meaning, the Empire was not made up of the mentioned material. The earliest known images were made of these materials.

3) Again, to reiterate, Comm + FANBOYS join only two ICs. Just a Comma can join an Independent Clause and a Dependent Clause.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
SJ
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Kudos [?]: 9026 [2], given: 335

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 27 Jul 2014
Posts: 5

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 2

Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jul 2014, 08:59
egmat wrote:
Hi All,

Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the Kushan empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.

D. empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from

Choice D is incorrect for two reasons.
1. The first error is a parallelism error. This sentence has two markers “either… or…”. What follows the first marker must follow the second marker also. Here “either” is followed by “fashioned from…” while “or” is followed by “from…”. So the first marker is followed by a verb-ed modifier while the second marker is followed by prepositional phrase. This leads to the parallelism error in this sentence. Note that “fashioned” cannot be taken for understood here. It has to be mentioned to maintain the parallelism.
2. This sentence has “and”. The independent clause before “and” has “Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India” as the subject and “date” as the verb. They agree in number as well as make sense with each other. However, the clause after “and” verb. The subject for the clause following “and” remains the same. We have “fashioned” here which is not a verb.
Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from Gandharan grey schist.

If “fashioned” is the verb in this sentence, then the sentence will means that the “images of deity” fashioned something which is illogical. From the sentence, we know that these deities were made of either spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan schist.

Notice that this sentence should be written in passive voice to convey this meaning. So we need a helping verb before “fashioned” to make it a passive verb.

Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from Gandharan grey schist.

Choice E corrects this error where the first part of the sentence is in active voice while the second one is in passive.

Hope this helps.
Shraddha



Good explanation

I am confused,
why can't we just regard the "fashioned either from the ...." as an adverbial modifier which modifies "known imagines " ?
Is the sentence make a sense If we reorganize it into "fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist, many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the Kushan Empire. "

Thx verrrrrry much

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 2

Expert Post
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
S
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2311

Kudos [?]: 9026 [0], given: 335

Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jul 2014, 12:14
ZoeHu wrote:

Good explanation

I am confused,
why can't we just regard the "fashioned either from the ...." as an adverbial modifier which modifies "known imagines " ?
Is the sentence make a sense If we reorganize it into "fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist, many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the Kushan Empire. "

Thx verrrrrry much


Hi ZoeHu,

Thanks very much for your appreciation. :-)

Any Verb-ed Modifier such as "fashioned" in this case is ALWAYS a Noun Modifier that modifies the preceding Noun Entity. If there is Verb between the Noun Entity intended to be modified and the Verb-ed Modifier, then this Verb-ed Modifier CANNOT jump over the Verb to modify that Noun Entity.

Hence, it is NOT possible for the Verb-ed Modifier "fashioned" to jump over the Verb "date" to modify "images".

However, we can certainly place this modifier, as you have suggested, in the beginning of the sentence. In that case, this Verb-ed Modifier will correctly modifiy the SUbject of the main clause "Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities". The sentence can be rewritten as:

Fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from Gandharan grey schist, many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the
Kushan empire.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
SJ
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Kudos [?]: 9026 [0], given: 335

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 29 Jan 2015
Posts: 1

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 25

Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 May 2015, 07:44
iDisappear wrote:
Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the
Kushan empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan
grey schist.
A. empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or
B. empire, fashioned from either the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from
C. empire, either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or
D. empire and either fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from
E. empire and were fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or from


fashioned is a past participle,it cannot stand alone as a verb so all the other options except E are ruled out.

Please rectify me if I am wrong

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 25

Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4288

Kudos [?]: 7871 [0], given: 363

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Mar 2016, 10:27
Ed modifiers with or without comma will necessarily have to modify the noun that they touch. A comma might decidedly change the perspective of an ing modifier from adjectival to adverbial, that sort of flexibility does not work with past participial modifiers.
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Kudos [?]: 7871 [0], given: 363

BSchool Forum Moderator
avatar
B
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 405

Kudos [?]: 87 [0], given: 72

Location: France
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38
GMAT 2: 700 Q48 V38
WE: Real Estate (Mutual Funds and Brokerage)
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Apr 2016, 06:43
hi egmat, I just went through the egmat file on: "VERB-ED MODIFIERS CANNOT JUMP OVER VERBS" that took this question as an example. I would just like to understand something:
since the of-prep " of the Kushan empire" modifies TIME, can we then say that "fashioned" modifies TIME more than it does EMPIRE?
In other words should " comma + Verb ED modifiers" be treated as "comma + relative pronoun modifiers" are?
thank you!!!

Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the Kushan empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.
_________________

New Application Tracker : update your school profiles instantly!

Kudos [?]: 87 [0], given: 72

Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3148

Kudos [?]: 3280 [0], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Apr 2016, 10:20
Icecream87 wrote:
hi egmat, I just went through the egmat file on: "VERB-ED MODIFIERS CANNOT JUMP OVER VERBS" that took this question as an example. I would just like to understand something:
since the of-prep " of the Kushan empire" modifies TIME, can we then say that "fashioned" modifies TIME more than it does EMPIRE?
In other words should " comma + Verb ED modifiers" be treated as "comma + relative pronoun modifiers" are?
thank you!!!

Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the Kushan empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.


I would suggest to keep things simple: All modifiers except present participle modifiers ( -ing) would in most cases follow the "touch rule" - that the modifier touches the noun it modifies. However it is also important to keep a note of the exception to the touch rule ( Manhattan SC guide provides a superb gist of the exceptions).

Keeping the above in mind, what you have suggested - something close to that a past participle modifier and a relative clause modifier follow the touch rule - is generally correct.

Kudos [?]: 3280 [0], given: 22

BSchool Forum Moderator
avatar
B
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 405

Kudos [?]: 87 [0], given: 72

Location: France
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38
GMAT 2: 700 Q48 V38
WE: Real Estate (Mutual Funds and Brokerage)
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Apr 2016, 03:39
sayantanc2k wrote:
Icecream87 wrote:
hi egmat, I just went through the egmat file on: "VERB-ED MODIFIERS CANNOT JUMP OVER VERBS" that took this question as an example. I would just like to understand something:
since the of-prep " of the Kushan empire" modifies TIME, can we then say that "fashioned" modifies TIME more than it does EMPIRE?
In other words should " comma + Verb ED modifiers" be treated as "comma + relative pronoun modifiers" are?
thank you!!!

Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from the time of the Kushan empire, fashioned either from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.


I would suggest to keep things simple: All modifiers except present participle modifiers ( -ing) would in most cases follow the "touch rule" - that the modifier touches the noun it modifies. However it is also important to keep a note of the exception to the touch rule ( Manhattan SC guide provides a superb gist of the exceptions).

Keeping the above in mind, what you have suggested - something close to that a past participle modifier and a relative clause modifier follow the touch rule - is generally correct.


Thanks again sayantanc2k,

I am probably overthinking this. But with my exam in less that a week, I am really trying to nail this verbal concepts that I have so many issues with (MODIFIERS!!!)... By the way that 47 of yours is quite palatable. One can only dream :lol: :lol: :lol:
_________________

New Application Tracker : update your school profiles instantly!

Kudos [?]: 87 [0], given: 72

Director
Director
User avatar
S
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 737

Kudos [?]: 312 [0], given: 11

Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Apr 2016, 07:03
Icecream87 wrote:
since the of-prep " of the Kushan empire" modifies TIME, can we then say that "fashioned" modifies TIME more than it does EMPIRE?

Hi Icecream87, the past participle phrase here (fashioned...) is not intended to modify either Kushan empire or time.

It is intended to modify images of Hindu deities, since these images were fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.

In fact, if you look at the correct option (option E), it makes it very clear:

Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities date...and were fashioned...

So, for the verb were, the subject is images of Hindu deities. So, we know that the images of Hindu deities were fashioned.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses these participial modifiers, their application and examples in significant detail. In fact, this sentence is given as an example in that section. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Kudos [?]: 312 [0], given: 11

BSchool Forum Moderator
avatar
B
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 405

Kudos [?]: 87 [0], given: 72

Location: France
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38
GMAT 2: 700 Q48 V38
WE: Real Estate (Mutual Funds and Brokerage)
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Apr 2016, 10:24
EducationAisle wrote:
Icecream87 wrote:
since the of-prep " of the Kushan empire" modifies TIME, can we then say that "fashioned" modifies TIME more than it does EMPIRE?

Hi Icecream87, the past participle phrase here (fashioned...) is not intended to modify either Kushan empire or time.

It is intended to modify images of Hindu deities, since these images were fashioned from the spotted sandstone of Mathura or Gandharan grey schist.

In fact, if you look at the correct option (option E), it makes it very clear:

Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities date...and were fashioned...

So, for the verb were, the subject is images of Hindu deities. So, we know that the images of Hindu deities were fashioned.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses these participial modifiers, their application and examples in significant detail. In fact, this sentence is given as an example in that section. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.


Hi EducationAisle,

Thanks for answering. I get why this sentence is wrong. I was however trying to understand if that bold part in the sentence would be correct if fashioned was intended to modify time

for instance:
The boutique in Paris, whose owner was robbed is closed.
in Paris correctly modifies boutique so the placement of whose is accepted

But if the sentence was as follows, would it still be correct?
The boutique in Paris, colored red is closed.
Thanks
_________________

New Application Tracker : update your school profiles instantly!

Kudos [?]: 87 [0], given: 72

Director
Director
User avatar
S
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 737

Kudos [?]: 312 [0], given: 11

Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Apr 2016, 20:59
Icecream87 wrote:
But if the sentence was as follows, would it still be correct?
The boutique in Paris, colored red is closed.

Yes. Following is an officially correct sentence:

Fossils of the arm of a sloth, found in Puerto Rico in 1991, have been dated at 34 million years old, making the sloth the earliest known mammal on the Greater Antilles islands.

The past participle found modifies fossils and not sloth.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Kudos [?]: 312 [0], given: 11

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 17 Nov 2013
Posts: 183

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 19

GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Oct 2016, 05:04
SPLIT1) PARALLELISM "Either from X..... Or From Y" . A, B, C, AND D ARE OUT.

[COMMON WORDS] EITHER X OR Y
[COMMON WORDS #1] EITHER [COMMON WORDS #2] X OR [COMMON WORDS #2] Y

IN A THE STRUCTURE IS LIKE THIS: EITHER FROM... OR FROM. NOTICE WE MISS THE LAST FROM. SO A IS OUT.
IN B THE STRUCTURE IS LIKE THIS: FROM EITHER... OR FROM Y. THIS IS WRONG BECAUSE IT SHOULD BE "FROM EITHER X OR Y" OR "EITHER FROM X OR FROM Y"
IN C THE STRUCTURE IS LIKE THIS: EITHER FASHIONED FROM... OR FASHIONED FROM. NOTICE THAT WE MISS THE WORD 'FASHIONED' AT THE END.
IN D THE STRUCTURE IS LIKE THIS: EITHER FASHIONED FROM.. OR FASHIONED FROM. NOTICE THAT WE MISS THE WORD 'FASHIONED AT THE END.

SPLIT2) MODIFIER "FASHIONED" AFTER COMMA MUST REFER TO THE PREVIOUS WORD "EMPIRE" BUT YOU CAN SEE THAT THE INTENDED MEANING IS FOR FASHIONED TO REFER TO IMAGES. SO THIS IS A MISPLACED MODIFIER. A, B AND C ARE OUT.

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 19

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 30 Mar 2016
Posts: 46

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 36

Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Jun 2017, 17:46
Hi all,

Issue: ",fashioned" modifier describes which noun among IMAGES, DEITIES, and EMPIRE?

Grammatically, ",fashioned" modifier is supposed to describe EMPIRE, the closest noun.

Honestly, for non-native speakers, like me, it is quite tough to decide correct noun that ", fashioned" modifier is assigned to.

So my approach will be that if I have a doubt, such as the above issue, then I just leave it there and examine other options.

Option E makes sense, without any doubt, to me. It is because the missing E will construct a parallelism structure that provides 2 independent ideas:

(1) The images date from the time of the Kushan empire

AND

(2) The images were fashioned.......

Just my 2 cents.

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 36

Director
Director
avatar
S
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 892

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 859

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jun 2017, 09:19
this question is easy,
since there are at least 2 big issues. => A,B,C are out.
the parallelism: either...or.... should be hard if if this is the only grammar point covered by the question. Hence, E is the answer.

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 859

Re: Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from   [#permalink] 23 Jun 2017, 09:19

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3    Next  [ 43 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Many of the earliest known images of Hindu deities in India date from

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.