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Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in cau

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Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in cau  [#permalink]

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Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in causing teen-agers to start or continue smoking. In Norway, however, where there has been a ban on tobacco advertising since 1975, smoking is at least as prevalent among teen-agers as it is in countries that do not ban such advertising.

Which of the following statements draws the most reliable conclusion from the information above?


(A) Tobacco advertising cannot be the only factor that affects the prevalence of smoking among teenagers.

(B) Advertising does not play a role in causing teenagers to start or continue smoking.

(C) Banning tobacco advertising does not reduce the consumption of tobacco.

(D) More teen-agers smoke if they are not exposed to tobacco advertising than if they are.

(E) Most teen-agers who smoked in 1975 did not stop when the ban on tobacco advertising was implemented.

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Practice Question
Question No.: CR 115
Page: 527


If tobacco advertising were the only factor that affected teenage smoking, there would be a difference in the prevalence of smoking between countries that ban such advertising and those that do not. According to the passage, there is no difference, so tobacco advertising cannot be the only factor. Therefore, choice A is the best answer.

Since no information is given about what effect, if any, the Norwegian ban on tobacco advertising had on teenage smoking in Norway, none of choices B through E can be concluded, since each makes some claim about what the effects of tobacco advertising, or of banning such advertising, on teenage smoking or on tobacco consumption.

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Originally posted by bigoyal on 07 Jul 2009, 10:33.
Last edited by Bunuel on 09 Sep 2019, 00:34, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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New post 07 Jul 2009, 23:33
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This is a "must be true" question, so all we need for an answer to be wrong is to show the slightest doubt in that answer. In these cases, we usually (not always) want to pick the weakest, most moderate conclusion available to us. (A) is a much weaker option, and it can't be proven false.

(B) seems a little extreme. It is suggesting that ads do NOT play ANY role in causing teens to start smoking ANYWHERE; yet the only "evidence" for this conclusion is the example of one country (Norway).
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New post 07 Jul 2009, 19:27
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A for sure

If smoking is equally prevalent among Norway teenagers despite the ban since 1975, then A can surely be concluded, as there is some other factor which affects the smoking habits of teenagers.
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New post 24 Feb 2010, 15:10
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My answer is A.
(A) Tobacco advertising cannot be the only factor that affects the prevalence of smoking among teen-agers.
>>Yes this is a safe conclusion.
(B) Advertising does not play a role in causing teen-agers to start or continue smoking.
>> This can not be confirmed from the passage.
(C) Banning tobacco advertising does not reduce the consumption of tobacco.
>> The passage talks about teen-age smoking habits and not about the overall tobacco consumption.
(D) More teen-agers smoke if they are not exposed to tobacco advertising than if they are.
>> There is no evidence in the passage for this.
(E) Most teen-agers who smoked in 1975 did not stop when the ban on tobacco advertising was implemented.
>> There is no evidence in the passage for this.
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Re: Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in cau  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2010, 16:04
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When you have understood the general idea what the author is trying to depict, definitely not what your generalization or translation of the passage is, there is a quick trick for these kind of questions.

The stronger an answer option appears, the more the chances that it'll be wrong. Only A is smooth, advertising is not the only reason why teenagers smoke. All other options are stronger in driving their respective ideas. Never settle for a definitive conclusion, conclusions preferably should give some space, especially for questions of this type - Main point, Inference, Implies, suggests etc.
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New post 27 Sep 2010, 20:31
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suyashjhawar wrote:
Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in causing teenagers to start or continue smoking. In Norway, however, where there has been a ban on tobacco advertising since 1975, smoking is at least as prevalent among teenagers as it is in countries that do not ban such advertising.
Which of the following statements draws the most reliable conclusion from the information above?

a) Tobacco advertising cannot be the only factor that affects the prevalence of smoking among teenagers.
b) Advertising does not play a role in causing teenagers to start or continue smoking
c) Banning tobacco advertising does not reduce the consumption of tobacco.
d) More teenagers smoke if they are not exposed to tobacco advertising than if they are.
e) Most teenagers who smoked in 1975 did not stop when the ban on tobacco advertising was implemented.

Nice question for practice. :wink:


A. true since if it is the only factor there wouldnt be as many teens smoking
B. too strong so no
C. irrelevant
D. not based out of passage
E. we dont know that

A
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Re: Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in cau  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2016, 12:23
AmritaSarkar89 wrote:
experts can I get a detailed explaination?


Do you have any specific query about any particular doubt?

In general:
The passage states that there has been no advertising of tobacco in Norway; yet there is prevalence of smoking among teenagers there. Therefore something else, not advertisements, caused this prevalence. Hence option A is correct.
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Re: Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in cau  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2016, 22:15
sayantanc2k wrote:
AmritaSarkar89 wrote:
experts can I get a detailed explaination?


Do you have any specific query about any particular doubt?

In general:
The passage states that there has been no advertising of tobacco in Norway; yet there is prevalence of smoking among teenagers there. Therefore something else, not advertisements, caused this prevalence. Hence option A is correct.



Hi sayantanc2k

Please help me in understanding why choice B is wrong here ?
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Re: Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in cau  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2016, 14:46
AbhiGarg2007 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
AmritaSarkar89 wrote:
experts can I get a detailed explaination?


Do you have any specific query about any particular doubt?

In general:
The passage states that there has been no advertising of tobacco in Norway; yet there is prevalence of smoking among teenagers there. Therefore something else, not advertisements, caused this prevalence. Hence option A is correct.



Hi sayantanc2k

Please help me in understanding why choice B is wrong here ?


One example is not enough to generalize a hypothesis. Hence B is wrong.
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New post 20 Jan 2017, 17:43
(A) Tobacco advertising cannot be the only factor that affects the prevalence of smoking among teenagers.
this choice appropriatly address that ther may be another reason that influences the teenagers to takeup smoking since the banning of the commercial has not have significant effect .
(B) Advertising does not play a role in causing teenagers to start or continue smoking.
Its not true to say that the advertisement does not paly any role but actually it plays role to a certain anount which is not discussed but there has to be another factor.
(C) Banning tobacco advertising does not reduce the consumption of tobacco.
Not true the banning of tobacoo adbertisement may have reduced the consumption but not eradicate entirely.
(D) More teen-agers smoke if they are not exposed to tobacco advertising than if they are.
may not be true always
(E) Most teen-agers who smoked in 1975 did not stop when the ban on tobacco advertising was implemented.
this is a strengthening or weakening point but not a conclusion because strengtheners adn weakeners always have a conclusion in the argument.
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New post 30 Jan 2017, 13:06
Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in causing teen-agers to start or continue smoking. In Norway, however, where there has been a ban on tobacco advertising since 1975, smoking is at least as prevalent among teen-agers as it is in countries that do not ban such advertising.

Which of the following statements draws the most reliable conclusion from the information above?

(A) Tobacco advertising cannot be the only factor that affects the prevalence of smoking among teenagers.
(B) Advertising does not play a role in causing teenagers to start or continue smoking.
(C) Banning tobacco advertising does not reduce the consumption of tobacco.
(D) More teen-agers smoke if they are not exposed to tobacco advertising than if they are.
(E) Most teen-agers who smoked in 1975 did not stop when the ban on tobacco advertising was implemented.
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New post 13 Dec 2017, 05:36
kg05 wrote:
Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in causing teen-agers to start or continue smoking. In Norway, however, where there has been a ban on tobacco advertising since 1975, smoking is at least as prevalent among teen-agers as it is in countries that do not ban such advertising.

Which of the following statements draws the most reliable conclusion from the information above?

(A) Tobacco advertising cannot be the only factor that affects the prevalence of smoking among teenagers.
(B) Advertising does not play a role in causing teenagers to start or continue smoking.\
(C) Banning tobacco advertising does not reduce the consumption of tobacco.
(D) More teen-agers smoke if they are not exposed to tobacco advertising than if they are.
(E) Most teen-agers who smoked in 1975 did not stop when the ban on tobacco advertising was implemented.


Premises:
Tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in causing teen-agers to start or continue smoking.
In Norway, tobacco adv is banned since 1975, but smoking is at least as prevalent among teen-agers as it is in countries that do not ban

Conclusion?

Note that the premises talk about smoking among teenagers.

(A) Tobacco advertising cannot be the only factor that affects the prevalence of smoking among teenagers.
In Norway, tobacco advertising was stopped decades ago but teenagers of today still smoke as much as they do in other countries. So other factors are responsible for start of smoking among teenagers today. Advertising cannot be the only factor.
This is the answer.

(B) Advertising does not play a role in causing teenagers to start or continue smoking.
This we cannot conclude. It is possible that advertising plays a role but other factors play a role too. Perhaps advertising ban did reduce smoking among teenagers but availability of cigarettes through vending machines is a factor and increased smoking among teenagers. There could be many reasons why teenager smoking is same in Norway as other countries despite the ban.

(C) Banning tobacco advertising does not reduce the consumption of tobacco.
This statement is just too wide to be relevant in our context. We are talking about smoking among teenagers. Banning advertising could have impact on adults even if it doesn't on teenagers.

(D) More teen-agers smoke if they are not exposed to tobacco advertising than if they are.
The argument does not imply this at all. We know that at least as many smoke. Do more smoke? We don't know.

(E) Most teen-agers who smoked in 1975 did not stop when the ban on tobacco advertising was implemented.
We are talking about the teenagers of today. Teenagers of 1975 would be adults now.

Answer (A)
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New post Updated on: 25 May 2018, 04:41
Please provide a detailed explanation I am not getting how the OA is A.As per the option A Tabacco cannot be the only factor, but stimulus says the tobacco is not the factor even.

Originally posted by saurabhbhargava on 24 May 2018, 22:14.
Last edited by saurabhbhargava on 25 May 2018, 04:41, edited 2 times in total.
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New post 25 May 2018, 00:12
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New post 30 May 2018, 15:56
saurabhbhargava wrote:
Please provide a detailed explanation I am not getting how the OA is A.As per the option A Tabacco cannot be the only factor, but stimulus says the tobacco is not the factor even.

Quote:
Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in causing teen-agers to start or continue smoking. In Norway, however, where there has been a ban on tobacco advertising since 1975, smoking is at least as prevalent among teen-agers as it is in countries that do not ban such advertising.

Which of the following statements draws the most reliable conclusion from the information above?

(A) Tobacco advertising cannot be the only factor that affects the prevalence of smoking among teenagers.

(B) Advertising does not play a role in causing teenagers to start or continue smoking.

(C) Banning tobacco advertising does not reduce the consumption of tobacco.

(D) More teen-agers smoke if they are not exposed to tobacco advertising than if they are.

(E) Most teen-agers who smoked in 1975 did not stop when the ban on tobacco advertising was implemented.

If tobacco advertising were the ONLY factor affecting the prevalence of smoking among teenagers, then we would expect smoking among teens to be LESS prevalent in countries that bad tobacco advertising (i.e. Norway).

Since this is NOT the case, we know that tobacco advertising CANNOT be the only factor.
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Re: Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in cau  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 20:57
Factset is given, no conclusion.
Following the ban on tobacco advertising in Norway, it was found that smoking was still as prevalent among teens as it was in countries in which tobacco advertising still exists.
This leads

(A) Tobacco advertising cannot be the only factor that affects the prevalence of smoking among teenagers.
Logically this makes more sense, although I didn’t select this.
(B) Advertising does not play a role in causing teenagers to start or continue smoking.
This was the runner up. But to conclude that “advertising” does not play any role is counter to the evidence as we are told that advertising still exists in other countries, so it MAY play SOME role in those countries
(C) Banning tobacco advertising does not reduce the consumption of tobacco.
This may be true, but it doesn’t explain why people start consuming in the first place. I selected this incorrectly.
(D) More teen-agers smoke if they are not exposed to tobacco advertising than if they are.
We cannot conclude this at all.
(E) Most teen-agers who smoked in 1975 did not stop when the ban on tobacco advertising was implemented.
We cannot conclude this at all.
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Re: Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in cau  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2019, 10:36
bigoyal wrote:
Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in causing teen-agers to start or continue smoking. In Norway, however, where there has been a ban on tobacco advertising since 1975, smoking is at least as prevalent among teen-agers as it is in countries that do not ban such advertising.

Which of the following statements draws the most reliable conclusion from the information above?


Advert --> teens start/continue smoking
Norway, no advert --> teens smoking ≥ countries with advert

(A) Tobacco advertising cannot be the only factor that affects the prevalence of smoking among teenagers.
correct because if rate of teens smoking ≥ after ad ban, there must be other factors

(B) Advertising does not play a role in causing teenagers to start or continue smoking.
could be true, but not necessarily so. It could play a small role that is overshadowed by other factors (social pressure, accessibility of product, etc)

(C) Banning tobacco advertising does not reduce the consumption of tobacco.
shell game, refers to consumption of amounts, rather than percent of teens smoking

(D) More teen-agers smoke if they are not exposed to tobacco advertising than if they are.
opposite, stem says "at least" as many smoke

(E) Most teen-agers who smoked in 1975 did not stop when the ban on tobacco advertising was implemented.
introduces new information
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Re: Many people argue that tobacco advertising plays a crucial role in cau   [#permalink] 06 Sep 2019, 10:36
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