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# Mark: Plastic-foam cups, which contain environmentally harmful chlorof

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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Mark: Plastic-foam cups, which contain environmentally harmful chlorof  [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2019, 01:05
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

61% (02:21) correct 39% (02:16) wrong based on 178 sessions

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Mark: Plastic-foam cups, which contain environmentally harmful chlorofluorocarbons, should no longer be used; paper cups are preferable. Styrene, a carcinogenic by-product, is generated in foam production, and foam cups, once used, persist indefinitely in the environment.

Tina: You overlook the environmental effects of paper cups. A study done 5 years ago showed that making paper for their production burned more petroleum than was used for foam cups and used 12 times as much steam, 36 times as much electricity, and twice as much cooling water. Because paper cups weigh more, their transportation takes more energy. Paper mills produce water pollution, and when the cups decay they produce methane, a gas that contributes to harmful global warming. So they are a worse choice.

To decide the issue between Mark and Tina, it would first be most important to decide

(A) how soon each of the kinds of harm cited by Mark and Tina would be likely to be at its maximum level

(B) whether members of some societies use, on average, more disposable goods than do members of other societies

(C) whether it is necessary to seek a third alternative that has none of the negative consequences cited with respect to the two products

(D) how much of the chains of causation involved in the production, marketing, and disposal of the products should be considered in analyzing their environmental impact

(E) whether paper and foam cups, in their most popular sizes, hold the same quantities of liquid

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Re: Mark: Plastic-foam cups, which contain environmentally harmful chlorof  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2019, 10:01

Shouldn't it be C?If there is third alternative necessary then we will go for that.If not,then we will settle the argument between Mike and Tina.
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Mark: Plastic-foam cups, which contain environmentally harmful chlorof  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2019, 10:54
Note that the conclusion is: using paper cup is "a worse choice" => must find an answer base on which we can say which one is better, which one is worse

(A) how soon each of the kinds of harm cited by Mark and Tina would be likely to be at its maximum level => When the harms of each kind reached the maximum level does not point out which one is better to use

(B) whether members of some societies use, on average, more disposable goods than do members of other societies => not related to conclusion

(C) whether it is necessary to seek a third alternative that has none of the negative consequences cited with respect to the two products => Whether or not can find a third alternative, there's no base to state one kind is a better use than another

(D) how much of the chains of causation involved in the production, marketing, and disposal of the products should be considered in analyzing their environmental impact => this raises question on the way of measuring the environmental effects of the 2 kinds of cups, which, if clarified will help determine which kind of cup will cause more harm, and thus be the worse choice --- CORRECT

(E) whether paper and foam cups, in their most popular sizes, hold the same quantities of liquid => not related to conclusion
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Re: Mark: Plastic-foam cups, which contain environmentally harmful chlorof  [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2019, 02:01
1
Bunuel wrote:
Mark: Plastic-foam cups ----> persist indefinitely in the environment -----> USE Paper cups

Tina: Paper cups has another set of problems
Sneha333, You MUST understand the contention of the passage.
The contention:
Given the harmful effects of both of them, Which cup SHOULD be used between Plastic-foam cups and Paper cups?

Boil the entire argument into simpler terms and then ONLY move to answer choice analysis.
The true GMAT-options are supposed to be misleading.

Pre-Think:
If both the cups have their respective repercussions and you are the environment-friendly buyer, which cup SHOULD you buy?
Likely, the least BAD of them OR the one which has minimal negative effects.

Sneha333 wrote:
shouldn't it be C? If there is a third alternative necessary then we will go for that. If not, then we will settle the argument between Mike and Tina.
Let's bring a real-life example:
Let's say you are worried about which phone to buy: either iPhone X or Samsung S10.
A consumer would ideally evaluate how the features gauge with his/her requirements and the price-point.

Would the information about the availability of the 3rd model, say Vivo V10, be helpful in reaching the decision BETWEEN the above two models?
Let's say you HAVE the information about the availability of the 3rd model:
How would the mere availability of the 3rd model ----assert---> the distinction between iPhone X AND Samsung S10?
Let's say you do NOT have the information about the availability of the 3rd model:
How would the mere inavailability of the 3rd model ----assert---> the distinction between iPhone X AND Samsung S10?

Resolution - Between Plastic-foam cups and Paper cups, Which cup to use?

(A) how soon each of the kinds of harm cited by Mark and Tina would be likely to be at its maximum level
When the kinds of harm reach the maximum does NOT aid in finding the resolution.

(B) whether members of some societies use, on average, more disposable goods than do members of other societies
They might. Good to know! It STILL does NOT aid in finding the resolution.

(C) whether it is necessary to seek a third alternative that has none of the negative consequences cited with respect to the two products
3rd factor will NOT assist in finding the resolution.

(D) how much of the chains of causation involved in the production, marketing, and disposal of the products should be considered in analyzing their environmental impact
Aha! the coveted impact on the environment. A resolution - Let's hold it!

(E) whether paper and foam cups, in their most popular sizes, hold the same quantities of liquid
Completely irrelevant

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Re: Mark: Plastic-foam cups, which contain environmentally harmful chlorof   [#permalink] 21 Jun 2019, 02:01
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