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Medical reporter: Studies have consistently found that taking an aspir

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Medical reporter: Studies have consistently found that taking an aspir  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2018, 23:25
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Question Stats:

37% (01:48) correct 63% (01:43) wrong based on 95 sessions

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Medical reporter: Studies have consistently found that taking an aspirin a day thins the blood slightly, thereby helping to prevent or reduce the severity of heart disease. Since heart disease is one of the most common types of ill health in industrialized nations, most people in such nations would, therefore, be in better health if they took an aspirin a day.

The reasoning in the doctor's argument is most vulnerable to criticism on which one of the following grounds?

(A) It takes for granted that if medication can reduce the severity of heart disease, it can also prevent some cases of heart disease.

(B) It overlooks the possibility that even if a disease is one of the most common in a nation, most people in that nation are not in significant danger of developing that disease.

(C) It overlooks the possibility that preventing or reducing the severity of heart disease has little or no effect on any of the other most common diseases in industrialized nations.

(D) It fails to address the possibility that taking an aspirin a day is not the single most effective measure for preventing heart disease."

(E) It fails to address the possibility that the studies on the beneficial effects of aspirin were conducted only in industrialized nations.

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Re: Medical reporter: Studies have consistently found that taking an aspir  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2018, 02:08
If most people in that nation are not in significant danger of developing that disease , then how it is one of the most common in that nation ?
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Re: Medical reporter: Studies have consistently found that taking an aspir  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2018, 21:48
snreddy wrote:
If most people in that nation are not in significant danger of developing that disease , then how it is one of the most common in that nation ?


Due to better health conditions in the industrialized nations most of the people are not in danger of developing any disease. Therefore even if heart disease is the most common among all diseases in these nations, its incidence on the population could still be low.

As a consequence B is the best answer.

Hope it helps
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Re: Medical reporter: Studies have consistently found that taking an aspir  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2018, 22:05
snreddy wrote:
If most people in that nation are not in significant danger of developing that disease , then how it is one of the most common in that nation ?

Imagine a scenario where 60% (most people) of the population is not in the danger of developing any disease and for the rest of 40% heart disease is as common as flu. In such a case, you have your answer.
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Medical reporter: Studies have consistently found that taking an aspir  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2018, 22:46
AshutoshB wrote:
Medical reporter: Studies have consistently found that taking an aspirin a day thins the blood slightly, thereby helping to prevent or reduce the severity of heart disease. Since heart disease is one of the most common types of ill health in industrialized nations, most people in such nations would, therefore, be in better health if they took an aspirin a day.

The reasoning in the doctor's argument is most vulnerable to criticism on which one of the following grounds?

(A) It takes for granted that if medication can reduce the severity of heart disease, it can also prevent some cases of heart disease.

(B) It overlooks the possibility that even if a disease is one of the most common in a nation, most people in that nation are not in significant danger of developing that disease.

(C) It overlooks the possibility that preventing or reducing the severity of heart disease has little or no effect on any of the other most common diseases in industrialized nations.

(D) It fails to address the possibility that taking an aspirin a day is not the single most effective measure for preventing heart disease."

(E) It fails to address the possibility that the studies on the beneficial effects of aspirin were conducted only in industrialized nations.

LSAT


+1 for B

(A) It takes for granted that if medication can reduce the severity of heart disease, it can also prevent some cases of heart disease.
- Incorrect. This is not a statement which can be criticized as it agrees with the doctor's argument.
(B) It overlooks the possibility that even if a disease is one of the most common in a nation, most people in that nation are not in significant danger of developing that disease.
- Correct. Suppose there are 1000 people in a nation and around 10 people in that nation have heart diseases, no other person has any other problem. This concludes that the most common disease in the nation is heart disease. But in actual only 10 out of 1000 people are affected by it. There is no use if most people in the nation take aspirin without any reason. Therefore, this possibility was overlooked.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that preventing or reducing the severity of heart disease has little or no effect on any of the other most common diseases in industrialized nations.
- Incorrect. Other diseases are out of scope
(D) It fails to address the possibility that taking an aspirin a day is not the single most effective measure for preventing heart disease."
- Incorrect. Other measures are out of scope
(E) It fails to address the possibility that the studies on the beneficial effects of aspirin were conducted only in industrialized nations.
-Incorrect. It doesn't matter where the studies were conducted
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Medical reporter: Studies have consistently found that taking an aspir &nbs [#permalink] 17 Sep 2018, 22:46
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