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Melinda: Prof. Ryan Anthony, assistant professor of clinical psycholog

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Melinda: Prof. Ryan Anthony, assistant professor of clinical psycholog  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 14 Apr 2019, 09:22
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (01:31) correct 43% (01:45) wrong based on 76 sessions

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Melinda: Prof. Ryan Anthony, assistant professor of clinical psychology at UT-Austin, is one of the world's foremost researchers on determinants of behavior. Using various experiments, he has convincingly demonstrated that his theory about the determinants of rabbit behavior generates consistently accurate predictions about how rabbits will perform in a maze. Citing this evidence, Prof. Ryan Anthony has claimed that his theory is irrefutably correct.

Bill: Then Prof. Ryan Anthony is not a responsible psychologist. The evidence does not conclusively prove that his theory is correct. Responsible psychologists always accept the possibility that new evidence will show that their theories are incorrect.

Bill bases his conclusion about Prof. Ryan Anthony on which one of the following?
A. the application of a general principle
B. an attack on Prof. Ryan Anthony's character
C. the discrediting of facts
D. the rejection of a theoretical explanation
E. the use of an ambiguous term

Originally posted by MBA20 on 12 Apr 2019, 22:41.
Last edited by MBA20 on 14 Apr 2019, 09:22, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Melinda: Prof. Ryan Anthony, assistant professor of clinical psycholog  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2019, 10:54
Could someone please explain why option B is incorrect?
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Re: Melinda: Prof. Ryan Anthony, assistant professor of clinical psycholog  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2019, 06:27
JS1290 wrote:
Could someone please explain why option B is incorrect?


First, find the conclusion: the Professor is not responsible. I think it is already clear why people might choose B as an answer: they misinterpret the conclusion as an assumption.

Now, we need to find the assumption on which the conclusion relies. Bill gives the explanation: generally, all responsible professors allow the possbility that new evidence might refute/change their theories.

The assumption clearly does not address the Professor's character.
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Re: Melinda: Prof. Ryan Anthony, assistant professor of clinical psycholog  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2019, 04:57
"Responsible psychologists always accept the possibility that the new evidence will show that their theories are incorrect".
This is a general principle.
Bill's conclusion about Ryan Anthony that Ryan Anthony is not a responsible psychologist is based on this general
principle.
So option A is correct.
Pls give me kudo s if you found my explanation helpful.

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Re: Melinda: Prof. Ryan Anthony, assistant professor of clinical psycholog   [#permalink] 18 Apr 2019, 04:57
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Melinda: Prof. Ryan Anthony, assistant professor of clinical psycholog

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