GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Nov 2019, 18:52

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 30 Aug 2019
Posts: 4
CAT Tests
Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Oct 2019, 12:23
Hi Guys,

Could use some help on whether that/which is appropriate here and the subject, verbs, clauses involved:

=> Larry failed his test (which/that) means he will be going to summer school.

According to me:
- we should use ,which as the which part is non-vital
- to summer school -> adverb clause (modifying will be going)
- Larry failed his test -> Noun Clause
- S-V pairs: Larry-failed ; He-will be going; Larry failed his test-means

Not sure if the Sentence formation is right as I just came across it on a YouTube video.

Thank You :)
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
P
Joined: 10 Apr 2018
Posts: 279
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 680 Q48 V34
GPA: 3.3
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 17 Oct 2019, 07:05
fjmar wrote:
Hi Guys,

Could use some help on whether that/which is appropriate here and the subject, verbs, clauses involved:

=> Larry failed his test (which/that) means he will be going to summer school.

According to me:
- we should use ,which as the which part is non-vital
- to summer school -> adverb clause (modifying will be going)
- Larry failed his test -> Noun Clause
- S-V pairs: Larry-failed ; He-will be going; Larry failed his test-means

Not sure if the Sentence formation is right as I just came across it on a YouTube video.

Thank You :)


As per the intended meaning of the sentence, the part of the sentence after "that/which" is modifying the clause before "that/which" by presenting the result of the action.
Clause (action)= Larry failed his test
Modifier (presenting result)= he will will be going to summer school

Now, usage of "which" in the above sentence is wrong because "which" can modify only a noun and never a clause. So, as per this sentence "which" is illogically modifying "test".

Furthermore, I think the sentence structure is incorrect because both "that" and "which" can't modify a clause. A correct structure would be "Larry failed his test, so he will be going to summer school" or "Larry failed his test, a situation that implies he will be going to summer school".

I hope you're clear.

Feel free to discuss any doubts.

Originally posted by iamsiddharthkapoor on 17 Oct 2019, 06:54.
Last edited by iamsiddharthkapoor on 17 Oct 2019, 07:05, edited 3 times in total.
Director
Director
User avatar
V
Status: Manager
Joined: 27 Oct 2018
Posts: 721
Location: Egypt
Concentration: Strategy, International Business
GPA: 3.67
WE: Pharmaceuticals (Health Care)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Oct 2019, 06:59
I think that both are incorrect, because that/which modify the previous noun (test), and this is not the intended meaning. (i.e: the test by itself doesn't mean that he will be going to summer school).
we need to use a clause modifier to modify the whole clause (Larry failed his test, meaning that he will be going to summer school), or start another independent clause to add the new information and link with a conjunction (Larry failed his test, thus he will be going to summer school)
_________________
Thanks for Kudos
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 01 Mar 2019
Posts: 271
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Social Entrepreneurship
Schools: Ross '22, ISB '20, NUS '20
GPA: 4
Reviews Badge
Re: Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Oct 2019, 07:22
Larry failed his test (?) means he will be going to summer school.



Here which/that have to refer to failed in test....

If we use which it refers only to test((noun)
But that refers to entire clause of failed in test

So usage of that is correct

Posted from my mobile device
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 30 Aug 2019
Posts: 4
CAT Tests
Re: Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Oct 2019, 15:47
Thanks for the reply guys :) I appreciate it
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required   [#permalink] 17 Oct 2019, 15:47
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Modifiers - Sentence Dissection/Explanation Required

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne