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Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen

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Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2019, 20:55
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A
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Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independence, the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.

A. the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.
B. the basic draft Thomas Jefferson completed in a week.
C. the basic draft which was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.
D. Thomas Jefferson completed the basic draft in a week.
E. Thomas Jefferson in a week completed the basic draft.

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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2019, 22:13
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Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independence, the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.

A. the basic draft Was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.
B. the basic draft Thomas Jefferson completed in a week.
C. the basic draft which was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.
D. Thomas Jefferson completed the basic draft in a week.......CORRECT
E. Thomas Jefferson in a week completed the basic draft.



OA:D
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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2019, 22:29
1
The opening modifier Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independence is intended to modify Thomas Jefferson. Hence Thomas Jefferson has to come right after the comma. Meanwhile, this is not so in options A, B, and C, as the opening modifier erroneously modifies the basic draft. So A, B, and C can be eliminated.

Option E also wrongly positions the modifier in a week. This modifier gives more information on how soon the basis draft was completed, hence it has to be positioned after the basic draft. So E can also be eliminated.

Option D is the answer. It corrects the modification errors by ensuring the opening modifier appropriately modifies Thomas Jefferson, and also in a week is appropriately positioned to modify the completion of the basic draft.
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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2019, 22:34
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Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independence, the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.

What does "named a member of the committee" modify? Thomas Jefferson or the basic draft.
The basic draft can't named. So, it is Thomas Jefferson who named a member of the committee. So we are left with D and E.

"in a week" must modify completed. So D is the correct answer choice

In choice E, in a week seems to modify Thomas, which make the sentence awkward.
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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2019, 23:02
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We are between the contenders D and E. Although it is true that an adverb modifies generally what follows, In the case of adverbial phrases this rule can be relaxed for the sake of clarity or easy flow.

D is better in flow than E, althouh both are grammatically ok.

The chocie must be Ok.
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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2019, 23:51
Imo D
We need subject after, thats is member name

D arrangement is better

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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2019, 00:38
Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independence, the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.

Sentence starts with a Verb-ed modifier a noun must come after the comma. Meaning-wise it should be Thomas Jefferson hence only D and E are left after eliminating A,B and C.
A. the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week. – WRONG. ‘The basic draft’ can’t be a member because it does not makes sense.
B. the basic draft Thomas Jefferson completed in a week. – WRONG. Similar error as option ‘A’. Not a sentence.
C. the basic draft which was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week. – WRONG. Similar error as option ‘A’.
D. Thomas Jefferson completed the basic draft in a week. – CORRECT.
E. Thomas Jefferson in a week completed the basic draft. – WRONG. Prepositional phrase ‘in a week’ incorrectly placed. Better option available in the form of ‘D’.

Answer (D).
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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2019, 04:00
Quote:
Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independence, the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.

A. the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.
B. the basic draft Thomas Jefferson completed in a week.
C. the basic draft which was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.
D. Thomas Jefferson completed the basic draft in a week.
E. Thomas Jefferson in a week completed the basic draft.


MEANING: who was named a member of the committee? THOMAS, not the draft.

A. "named…, the basic draft" misplaced mod;
B. "named…, the basic draft" misplaced mod;
C. "named…, the basic draft" misplaced mod; "draft which was completed…" fragment;
E. "thomas in a week [prep]" the prep phrase must mod the preceding noun/n-phrase, misplaced mod;

Answer (D)
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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2019, 04:49
The Answer is D. Modifies Jefferson, and "who in a week" is an awkward construction.
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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2019, 05:43
Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independence, the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.

A. the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.
B. the basic draft Thomas Jefferson completed in a week.
C. the basic draft which was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.
D. Thomas Jefferson completed the basic draft in a week.
E. Thomas Jefferson in a week completed the basic draft.

IMO D is the right answer as Thomas Jefferson was named a member of the committee and he completed the basic draft in a week.

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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2019, 08:37
Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independence, the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.

A. the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week. - Modifier error
B. the basic draft Thomas Jefferson completed in a week. - Modifier error
C. the basic draft which was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week. - Modifier error
D. Thomas Jefferson completed the basic draft in a week.
E. Thomas Jefferson in a week completed the basic draft.
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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2019, 11:56
A. the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week. - Incorrect "Named ..." incorrectly modifies the basic draft it should modify "Thomas Jefferson"
B. the basic draft Thomas Jefferson completed in a week. - Incorrect Same as A
C. the basic draft which was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week. - Incorrect Same as A
D. Thomas Jefferson completed the basic draft in a week. Correct
E. Thomas Jefferson in a week completed the basic draft. - Incorrect Modifier error
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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2019, 02:24
A. the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.-Modifier error
B. the basic draft Thomas Jefferson completed in a week.-modifier error
C. the basic draft which was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.-modifier error
D. Thomas Jefferson completed the basic draft in a week.-right answer
E. Thomas Jefferson in a week completed the basic draft. -awkward, changes meaning
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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2019, 11:49
Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independence, the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.

Named a member of the committee.....should be referring to a person/modify something ime Thomas Jefferson.
Only options D & E fits in. Option D correctly states complete clause that Thomas Jefferson completed the draft in a week.

In option E,it looks like week completed the basic draft.

Option D is the answer.
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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2019, 20:56
Bunuel wrote:

Competition Mode Question



Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independence, the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.

A. the basic draft was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.
B. the basic draft Thomas Jefferson completed in a week.
C. the basic draft which was completed by Thomas Jefferson in a week.
D. Thomas Jefferson completed the basic draft in a week.
E. Thomas Jefferson in a week completed the basic draft.


Official Explanation



Correct Answer: D

The best answer is D. The sentence starts with the adjectival phrase, Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independence. That phrase is supposed to modify the noun that comes immediately after it, making A, B, and C incorrect. E is incorrect because in a week incorrectly comes between the noun and verb.
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Re: Named a member of the committee to draw up a Declaration of Independen   [#permalink] 29 Sep 2019, 20:56
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