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New: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more ret

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New: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more ret  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2014, 00:33
1
16
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  85% (hard)

Question Stats:

50% (02:08) correct 50% (02:24) wrong based on 563 sessions

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The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail establishments will distribute fliers, and retail establishments that distribute fliers generally charge less for items listed in the fliers than retail establishments that do not distribute fliers charge for equivalent items. Thus, if the government subsidized the distribution of fliers by retail establishments, the cost to consumers for retail items will drop.

The argument above presupposes which of the following?

A: Some of the most moderately priced retail establishments do not currently have the financial resources to distribute fliers.
B: Consumers will buy more retail items if the overall cost of these items decreases.
C: If the government subsidized the distribution of fliers, more retail establishments would distribute fliers.
D: If more retail establishments distribute fliers listing items at lower prices, some retail establishments who do not distribute fliers will lower their prices on these items.
E: If the distribution of fliers by retail establishments were subsidized, then most retail establishments would distribute fliers.
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Re: New: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more ret  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2014, 03:47
IMO C

The above argument seems like a classical logic reasoning

Lets see why?

B ->The lower the cost of distributing fliers,
C -> the more retail establishments will distribute fliers
D-> retail establishments that distribute fliers generally charge less for items listed in the fliers than retail establishments that do not distribute fliers charge for equivalent items


We have a logical relationship here, A->D- A: if the government subsidized the distribution of fliers by retail establishments , and D: the cost to consumers for retail items will drop.

We can see a gap in the logic and arriving at the final conclusion. We can complete this logic by having A-> B i.e. option C- If the government subsidized the distribution of fliers, more retail establishments would distribute fliers.
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Re: New: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more ret  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2014, 04:00
Whats difference between C and E?
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Re: New: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more ret  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2014, 05:14
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This what I felt when I read E, E mentions If the distribution of fliers by retail establishments were subsidized, then most retail establishments would distribute fliers.. It doesn't mention who subsidised whereas our argument concerns only government subsidised distribution of fillers. E takes a broad scope and hence loses to C

Mountain14 wrote:
Whats difference between C and E?
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Re: New: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more ret  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2014, 10:22
2
Mountain14 wrote:
Whats difference between C and E?


If you negate "E" then it will be "not necessarily most retail stores will distribute fliers" which means that some will which indicate that prices could indeed fall.

However in "C" , if u negate it will be " Not necessarily MORE retail stores will distribute fliers" which means that price will not change and conclusion falls apart :)
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Re: New: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more ret  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2014, 06:21
the missing conditional chain is: if the government subsidies the distribution of fliers by retail establishments, more retail establishments would distribute fliers.
hence C.
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Re: New: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more ret  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2015, 03:57
riskietech wrote:
The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail establishments will distribute fliers, and retail establishments that distribute fliers generally charge less for items listed in the fliers than retail establishments that do not distribute fliers charge for equivalent items. Thus, if the government subsidized the distribution of fliers by retail establishments, the cost to consumers for retail items will drop.

The argument above presupposes which of the following?
A: Some of the most moderately priced retail establishments do not currently have the financial resources to distribute fliers.
B: Consumers will buy more retail items if the overall cost of these items decreases.
C: If the government subsidized the distribution of fliers, more retail establishments would distribute fliers.
D: If more retail establishments distribute fliers listing items at lower prices, some retail establishments who do not distribute fliers will lower their prices on these items.
E: If the distribution of fliers by retail establishments were subsidized, then most retail establishments would distribute fliers.


Hi VeritasPrepKarishma !

I think it's a exact replica of an OG problem.I usually lose my way while dealing with such problems . I mean in the farrago of language and information I miss out on the key logical deduction.
Can you please guide me how to tackle such problems ?

Thanks in advance!

Regards,
SR
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Re: New: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more ret  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 21:33
2
riskietech wrote:
The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more retail establishments will distribute fliers, and retail establishments that distribute fliers generally charge less for items listed in the fliers than retail establishments that do not distribute fliers charge for equivalent items. Thus, if the government subsidized the distribution of fliers by retail establishments, the cost to consumers for retail items will drop.

The argument above presupposes which of the following?
A: Some of the most moderately priced retail establishments do not currently have the financial resources to distribute fliers.
B: Consumers will buy more retail items if the overall cost of these items decreases.
C: If the government subsidized the distribution of fliers, more retail establishments would distribute fliers.
D: If more retail establishments distribute fliers listing items at lower prices, some retail establishments who do not distribute fliers will lower their prices on these items.
E: If the distribution of fliers by retail establishments were subsidized, then most retail establishments would distribute fliers.

Here is my take by negation, though a little bit convoluted.

Conclusion: If the government subsidized the distribution of fliers by retail establishments, the more retail establishments will distribute fliers and the cost to consumers for retail items will drop.

C. If the government subsidized the distribution of fliers, more retail establishments would distribute fliers.

NS: If the government subsidized the distribution of fliers, NOT more retail establishments would distribute fliers.

This means that the number of retail establishments that distribute fliers after subsidy would be less than or equal to the number of retail establishments that distributed fliers before subsidy. So, price will not decrease; it may remain stable (if the number of retail establishments that distribute fliers after subsidy is equal to the number of retail establishments that distributed fliers before subsidy) or increase (if the number of retail establishments that distribute fliers after subsidy is less than the number of retail establishments that distributed fliers before subsidy). Therefore, conclusion falls apart. Correct answer.

E: If the distribution of fliers by retail establishments were subsidized, then most retail establishments would distribute fliers.

NS: If the distribution of fliers by retail establishments were subsidized, then NOT most retail establishments would distribute fliers.

This means that though MOST retail establishments will not distribute fliers, SOME retail establishments will distribute fliers. The number of this SOME retail establishments may be more than or equal to or less than the number of retail establishments that distributed fliers before subsidy. If the number of retail establishments that distribute fliers after subsidy is more than the number of retail establishments that distributed fliers before subsidy, the price will decrease. So, conclusion will remain same. Not correct answer.

I am not expert, so I may be wrong. If so, please correct me.
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Re: New: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more ret  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2018, 08:16
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Re: New: The lower the cost of distributing fliers, the more ret &nbs [#permalink] 14 Sep 2018, 08:16
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