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No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common to

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No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common to  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 19 Dec 2018, 03:58
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Question Stats:

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No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common tongue. For proof, we need only consider Canada, which is being torn asunder by conflicts between French-speaking Quebec and the other provinces, which are dominated by English speakers.

Which of the following, if true, most effectively challenges the author’s conclusion?


(A) Conflicts over language have led to violent clashes between the Basque-speaking minority in Spain and the Spanish-speaking majority.

(B) Proposals to declare English the official language of the United States have met with resistance from members of Hispanic and other minority groups.

(C) Economic and political differences, along with linguistic ones, have contributed to the provincial conflicts in Canada.

(D) The public of India, in existence sine 1948, has a population that speaks hundreds of different, though related, languages.

(E) Switzerland has survived for nearly a thousand years as a home for speakers of three different languages.

Originally posted by pmenon on 04 Aug 2007, 19:22.
Last edited by Bunuel on 19 Dec 2018, 03:58, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common to  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2007, 20:30
2
pmenon wrote:
No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common tongue. For proof, we need only consider Canada, which is being torn asunder by conflicts between French-speaking Quebec and the other provinces, which are dominated by English speakers.
Which of the following, if true, most effectively challenges the author’s conclusion?

(A) Conflicts over language have led to violent clashes between the Basque-speaking minority in Spain and the Spanish-speaking majority.

(B) Proposals to declare English the official language of the United States have met with resistance from members of Hispanic and other minority groups.

(C) Economic and political differences, along with linguistic ones, have contributed to the provincial conflicts in Canada.

(D) The public of India, in existence sine 1948, has a population that speaks hundreds of different, though related, languages.

(E) Switzerland has survived for nearly a thousand years as a home for speakers of three different languages.

Confused as to why the right answer is actually the right one. Will post the OA after a few replies :-D


Agree with beckee529.

What does author say ?
That NO nation can survive if people don't speak a common language.

Why does the author say so ?
because Canada as conflicts between French and Eng speaking people.

The Questions stems asks us to weaken the authors argument.
2 ways :
a) If we can find another reason for conflicts in Canada.
b) If we can give eg of another country which is surviving in spite of multiple languages.

Lets look at the options :

A - Out of scope.
B - Strengthens
C - Could have right if had not included along with linguistic ones . So in a way strengthens the authors argument.
D - Can't say.. May be India also might be having similar conflicts due to language .. We cannot assume things in GMAT.
E - Correct. Weakens the author properly.
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Re: CR: Nation  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2009, 20:53
2
reply2spg wrote:
No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common tongue. For proof, we need only consider Canada, which is being torn asunder by conflicts between French-speaking Quebec and the other provinces, which are dominated by English speakers.
Which of the following, if true, most effectively challenges the author’s conclusion?
(A) Conflicts over language have led to violent clashes between the Basque-speaking minority in Spain and the Spanish-speaking majority.
(B) Proposals to declare English the official language of the United States have met with resistance from members of Hispanic and other minority groups.
(C) Economic and political differences, along with linguistic ones, have contributed to the provincial conflicts in Canada.
(D) The public of India, in existence sine 1948, has a population that speaks hundreds of different, though related, languages.
(E) Switzerland has survived for nearly a thousand years as a home for speakers of three different languages.


Focus on how the claim is made. The claim is generalized by basing on a specific case. If you show that there is another one that contradics the claim, you successfully damage the argument.

E is the best
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Re: CR: Nation  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2009, 06:58
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E for me.......

D states that "The public of India, in existence sine 1948, has a population that speaks hundreds of different, though related, languages"--since the argument already mentions that no nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common language.

So D in other way strengthens the arguments since the languages are relates despite being different.

E is the best answer which weakens the argument.
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Re: CR: Nation  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2009, 16:22
1
reply2spg wrote:
No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common tongue.


This is the argument of the passage. The remainder of the passage serves as the author's premise. Option E directly challenges the author's assertion.

It has been over a year, yet the OA has not been posted. :(
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Re: No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common to  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2018, 03:54
Option A and option B strengthen the argument.Option C tells us why Canada had problems but it doesn't directly attack the main conclusion i.e. no country can survive unless people have a common tongue. Option D tells us that the languages are related. So it doesn't weaken the conclusion. Option E gives evidence to directly attack the main conclusion. Hence (e).
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Re: No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common to  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2018, 02:39
Amit05 wrote:
pmenon wrote:
No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common tongue. For proof, we need only consider Canada, which is being torn asunder by conflicts between French-speaking Quebec and the other provinces, which are dominated by English speakers.
Which of the following, if true, most effectively challenges the author’s conclusion?

(A) Conflicts over language have led to violent clashes between the Basque-speaking minority in Spain and the Spanish-speaking majority.

(B) Proposals to declare English the official language of the United States have met with resistance from members of Hispanic and other minority groups.

(C) Economic and political differences, along with linguistic ones, have contributed to the provincial conflicts in Canada.

(D) The public of India, in existence sine 1948, has a population that speaks hundreds of different, though related, languages.

(E) Switzerland has survived for nearly a thousand years as a home for speakers of three different languages.

Confused as to why the right answer is actually the right one. Will post the OA after a few replies :-D


Agree with beckee529.

What does author say ?
That NO nation can survive if people don't speak a common language.

Why does the author say so ?
because Canada as conflicts between French and Eng speaking people.

The Questions stems asks us to weaken the authors argument.
2 ways :
a) If we can find another reason for conflicts in Canada.
b) If we can give eg of another country which is surviving in spite of multiple languages.

Lets look at the options :

A - Out of scope.
B - Strengthens
C - Could have right if had not included along with linguistic ones . So in a way strengthens the authors argument.
D - Can't say.. May be India also might be having similar conflicts due to language .. We cannot assume things in GMAT.
E - Correct. Weakens the author properly.

not agrred with u
your reasoning for d goes with e also and youe reasoning for e applies to d also.
if u are nt assuming that "India also might be having similar conflicts due to language", same also applies for swizerland
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Re: No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common to  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2018, 03:03
Hey SUNILAA,

Welcome to the GMAT Club.

In this case D is not as good an option as E. Few reasons why...

1. The laguanges if India are mentioned as "tough related" which weakens it a bit
2. The argument says - no nation can survive long. India is said to have existed since 1948 which could be around 70 years but E is saying Switzerland has survived for thousands.

In light of these two small differences.. E stands stronger than D. Afterall, in a GMAT question we are looking for the best among the lot.

Hope this helps.

Kind Regards,
Gladi


SUNILAA wrote:
Amit05 wrote:

Agree with beckee529.

What does author say ?
That NO nation can survive if people don't speak a common language.

Why does the author say so ?
because Canada as conflicts between French and Eng speaking people.

The Questions stems asks us to weaken the authors argument.
2 ways :
a) If we can find another reason for conflicts in Canada.
b) If we can give eg of another country which is surviving in spite of multiple languages.

Lets look at the options :

A - Out of scope.
B - Strengthens
C - Could have right if had not included along with linguistic ones . So in a way strengthens the authors argument.
D - Can't say.. May be India also might be having similar conflicts due to language .. We cannot assume things in GMAT.
E - Correct. Weakens the author properly.

not agrred with u
your reasoning for d goes with e also and youe reasoning for e applies to d also.
if u are nt assuming that "India also might be having similar conflicts due to language", same also applies for swizerland


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Re: No nation can long survive unless its people are united by a common to &nbs [#permalink] 31 Dec 2018, 03:03
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