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No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor, because

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Senior Manager
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No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor, because  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2008, 05:42
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

70% (01:34) correct 30% (01:47) wrong based on 184 sessions

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No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor, because sore throats will recover without medical intervention. In recent years several cases of epiglottitis have occurred. Epiglottitis is a condition that begins with a sore throat and deteriorates rapidly in such a way that the throat becomes quite swollen, thus restricting breathing. Sometimes the only way to save a patient’s life in these circumstances is to insert a plastic tube into the throat below the blockage so that the patient can breathe. It is highly advisable in such cases that sufferers seek medical attention when the first symptoms occur, that is, before the condition deteriorates.

Which one of the following is the best statement of the flaw in the argument?

(A) The author draws a general conclusion on the basis of evidence of a particular instance.
(B) The author assumes that similar effects must have similar causes.
(C) The author uses a medical term, “epiglottitis,” and does not clarify its meaning.
(D) The author makes two claims that contradict each other.
(E) The author bases her conclusion at the end of the passage on inadequate evidence.
Director
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New post 27 Jun 2008, 05:55
D for me.

No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor, because sore throats will recover without medical intervention. In recent years several cases of epiglottitis have occurred. Epiglottitis is a condition that begins with a sore throat and deteriorates rapidly in such a way that the throat becomes quite swollen, thus restricting breathing. Sometimes the only way to save a patient’s life in these circumstances is to insert a plastic tube into the throat belowthe blockage so that the patient can breathe. It is highly advisable in such cases that sufferers seek medical attention when the first symptoms occur, that is, before the condition deteriorates.
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Re: No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor, because  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2008, 06:35
I prefer B - seems to be the more logical one, focusing in the causes of the flaw!
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New post 27 Jun 2008, 11:02
yeah, going with D - two conflicting claims.
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Re: No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor, because  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2017, 21:51
Option D is correct - the two contradicting claims are:
1. No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor.
2. It is highly advisable in such cases that sufferers seek medical attention when the first symptoms (sore throat) occur.
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Re: No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor, because  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2017, 15:42
At first the author suggests against going to the doctor for sore throat but eventually suggests that one must seek medical help before the condition deteriorates but fails the describe the health issue further so that the patient can differentiate normal infection from the epiglo.....,therfore she is contradicting her own argument.
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Re: No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor, because  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2017, 00:51
Hello Expert, could you please explain, why option 'b' is incorrect?
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Re: No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor, because  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2018, 23:23
OFFICIAL ANSWER:

The argument states initially that “no one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor.” However, it is then pointed out that “several cases of epiglottitis have occurred” and argued that for this condition, which begins with a sore throat and then deteriorates, it is “highly advisable” for sufferers to seek medical attention before the condition deteriorates, that is, when the symptom is a sore throat. So the author claims both that no one with a sore throat need seek medical attention and that some people with a sore throat do need to seek medical attention, and these claims contradict each other. Therefore, (D) is the credited response.

Response (A) is incorrect because the author does not clearly draw “a general conclusion on the basis of evidence of a particular instance” of anything. Even though a specific disease (epiglottitis) is discussed, no conclusion about diseases, in general, is drawn. And having this disease is discussed in terms of “several cases” and “sometimes,” not in terms of a “particular instance.”

Response (B) is incorrect because the author is not concerned with the causes of sore throats and epiglottitis.

Response (C) is incorrect because the meaning of the medical term “epiglottitis” is specified in the third and fourth sentences of the passage in sufficient detail for purposes of the argument.

Response (E) is incorrect because the evidence given in the third and fourth sentences of the passage is adequate for the conclusion that “it is highly advisable” in cases of epiglottitis “that sufferers seek medical attention when the first symptoms first occur.”

OPTION: D
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Re: No one who has a sore throat need consult a doctor, because   [#permalink] 29 Dec 2018, 23:23
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