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# Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society seriously

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Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society seriously  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2019, 05:55
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25% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (01:03) correct 34% (01:29) wrong based on 198 sessions

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Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute its citizens.

(A) had society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute

(B) did society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute

(C) had society seriously questioned the right of the state for the executing of

(D) did society seriously question the right of the state to execute

(E) had society seriously questioned whether the state had a right that it could execute

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Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society seriously  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 27 Apr 2019, 00:36
According to my "lame" SC analysis:
"State" should be noun because "it" can refer only to state and this cant happen while we keep "right of the state"

Imo
Ans E

Originally posted by LevanKhukhunashvili on 16 Jan 2019, 06:44.
Last edited by LevanKhukhunashvili on 27 Apr 2019, 00:36, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society seriously  [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2019, 19:57
1
Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute its citizens.

(A) had society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute--> timeline is provided, so use of past participle is unnecessary

(B) did society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute --> "did questioned" is wrong: "did question" <=> "questioned"

(C) had society seriously questioned the right of the state for the executing of--> same as A

(D) did society seriously question the right of the state to execute --> correct

(E) had society seriously questioned whether the state had a right that it could execute--> same as A
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Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society seriously  [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2019, 01:40
1
this is inversion grammar............... because of negative idiom.... Not until X...did Y
"had" in this case do not have pair action and incorrect....... obviously D correct
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Re: Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society seriously  [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2019, 02:11
Quote:
Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute its citizens.

Hi folks,

Below is how I read the original sentence. Bold things are trigger points.
Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute its citizens.
Sentence begins with a modifier and it should trigger one to find the entity its modifying.
"Not until the enlightenment"...ok, but whose enlightenment? Whatever follows, must be the subject of the sentence.
Had society....Ok. So its society. Makes sense. "seriously questioned the right of the state that IT could..." What does IT refer to? Society? State?
we have got a pronoun ambiguity here.

Lets choose the best among five.
Quote:
(A) had society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute

Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Quote:
(B) did society seriously questioned the right of the state that it could execute

Use of "Did" demands first form of verb. Second, pronoun ambiguity still exists.

Quote:
(C) had society seriously questioned the right of the state for the executing of

Wrong preposition. For means, society is doing something for where as here its something doe to someone.

Quote:
(D) did society seriously question the right of the state to execute

Correct usage of did and first form of verb. No pronoun ambiguity.

Quote:
(E) had society seriously questioned whether the state had a right that it could execute

Too long sentence. I could not find any grammatical error though.

I find D & E both grammatical correct. D is just better than E.
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Re: Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2019, 20:42
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Not until the Enlightenment, some 200 years ago, had society   [#permalink] 15 Oct 2019, 20:42
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