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# Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approa

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Intern
Joined: 16 Jun 2011
Posts: 29
Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approa  [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2013, 09:00
2
5
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (01:52) correct 35% (01:51) wrong based on 303 sessions

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Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approaches to process control were revolutionary for post-war industrial practices in Japan, was an inspiration in several American management philosophies, that included Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, that only became popular during the twilight of his life

A were revolutionary for post-war industrial practices in Japan, was an inspiration in several American management philosophies, that included Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, that only became popular

B was revolutionary for post-war industrial practices in Japan, inspired several American management philosophies, that included Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, that became popular

C revolutionized post-war industrial practices in Japan, inspired several American management philosophies, such as Total Quality Management and Six Sigma that became popular

D was revolutionary in post-war industrial practices in Japan, was an inspiration for several American management philosophies, including Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, which became popular

E were revolutionary in post-war industrial practices in Japan, inspired several American management philosophies, that included Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, which became popular
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Joined: 15 Jun 2012
Posts: 1007
Location: United States
Re: Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approa  [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2013, 22:37
4
1
wastedyouth wrote:
Can you please explain what is essential modifier??

Hello wastedyouth.

The modifier is essential if you remove it, the sentence is not able to keep its intended meaning. That is opposite to Non-essential modifier that you could remove it without meaning changes.

For example:
I bought a new book that was the best selling book last week.
"that was the best selling book last week" is ESSENTIAL because if you remove that part, the sentence - I bought a new book - does not convey the intended meaning. (I just bought the best selling book, not generic book).

Another example:
Our new CEO, who used to be an MBA professor, is very smart.
"who used to be an MBA professor" is NON-ESSENTIAL modifier because the core meaning is that "the new CEO is really smart". So you can remove the modifier without meaning changes.

Take away:
ESSENTIAL modifier + NO comma
NON-ESSENTIAL modifier + Commas
'THAT" is used for ESSENTIAL modifier only.

Hope it helps.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

##### General Discussion
Manager
Joined: 28 Nov 2013
Posts: 73
Concentration: General Management
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V46
Re: Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approa  [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2013, 21:49
1
To me doing the first word split itself gave the answer. The subject is 'approaches' so the 'was' in B and D is incorrect.

Among the remaining three options, the construction 'X revolutionized something' is much better than 'X was revolutionary for something'. Thus the answer is C.
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Re: Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approa  [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2013, 09:25
Ajax1 wrote:
To me doing the first word split itself gave the answer. The subject is 'approaches' so the 'was' in B and D is incorrect.

Among the remaining three options, the construction 'X revolutionized something' is much better than 'X was revolutionary for something'. Thus the answer is C.

Is X was revolutionary wrong or unidiomatic?
any other reason for ignoring A and E
Manager
Joined: 28 Nov 2013
Posts: 73
Concentration: General Management
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V46
Re: Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approa  [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2013, 20:44
1
wastedyouth wrote:

Is X was revolutionary wrong or unidiomatic?
any other reason for ignoring A and E

A - 'inspiration in' is incorrect. It is inspiration 'to' or inspiration 'for'.

E - The use of 'that' after a comma is incorrect because 'that' is always restrictive.
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Location: United States
Re: Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approa  [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2013, 00:50
3
1
Good question to practice. The question sticks with basic grammars tested in real GMAT.

Note:"THAT" never + comma. The rule is: Use THAT (and no commas) if the modifier is essential.

Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approaches to process control were revolutionary for post-war industrial practices in Japan, was an inspiration in several American management philosophies, that included Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, that only became popular during the twilight of his life

A were revolutionary for post-war industrial practices in Japan, was an inspiration in several American management philosophies, that included Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, that only became popular
Wrong. "THAT" never + comma. The rule is: Use THAT (and no commas) if the modifier is essential.

B was revolutionary for post-war industrial practices in Japan, inspired several American management philosophies, that included Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, that became popular
Wrong.
- "THAT" never + comma. The rule is: Use THAT (and no commas) if the modifier is essential.
- S-V agreement. "was" is wrong.

C revolutionized post-war industrial practices in Japan, inspired several American management philosophies, such as Total Quality Management and Six Sigma that became popular
Correct.

D was revolutionary in post-war industrial practices in Japan, was an inspiration for several American management philosophies, including Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, which became popular
Wrong. S-V agreement problem.

E were revolutionary in post-war industrial practices in Japan, inspired several American management philosophies, that included Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, which became popular
Wrong. "THAT" never + comma. The rule is: Use THAT (and no commas) if the modifier is essential.

Hope it helps.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Intern
Joined: 16 Jun 2011
Posts: 29
Re: Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approa  [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2013, 21:23
pqhai wrote:
Good question to practice. The question sticks with basic grammars tested in real GMAT.

Note:"THAT" never + comma. The rule is: Use THAT (and no commas) if the modifier is essential.

Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approaches to process control were revolutionary for post-war industrial practices in Japan, was an inspiration in several American management philosophies, that included Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, that only became popular during the twilight of his life

A were revolutionary for post-war industrial practices in Japan, was an inspiration in several American management philosophies, that included Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, that only became popular
Wrong. "THAT" never + comma. The rule is: Use THAT (and no commas) if the modifier is essential.

B was revolutionary for post-war industrial practices in Japan, inspired several American management philosophies, that included Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, that became popular
Wrong.
- "THAT" never + comma. The rule is: Use THAT (and no commas) if the modifier is essential.
- S-V agreement. "was" is wrong.

C revolutionized post-war industrial practices in Japan, inspired several American management philosophies, such as Total Quality Management and Six Sigma that became popular
Correct.

D was revolutionary in post-war industrial practices in Japan, was an inspiration for several American management philosophies, including Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, which became popular
Wrong. S-V agreement problem.

E were revolutionary in post-war industrial practices in Japan, inspired several American management philosophies, that included Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, which became popular
Wrong. "THAT" never + comma. The rule is: Use THAT (and no commas) if the modifier is essential.

Hope it helps.

Can you please explain what is essential modifier??
Intern
Joined: 02 Jun 2013
Posts: 4
Re: Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approa  [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2013, 23:13
was able to eliminate b and d, but a and e i got stuck up,indeed the problem is use of that and comma.So test of rules here...
Intern
Joined: 16 Jun 2011
Posts: 29
Re: Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approa  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2013, 07:38
pqhai wrote:
wastedyouth wrote:
Can you please explain what is essential modifier??

Hello wastedyouth.

The modifier is essential if you remove it, the sentence is not able to keep its intended meaning. That is opposite to Non-essential modifier that you could remove it without meaning changes.

For example:
I bought a new book that was the best selling book last week.
"that was the best selling book last week" is ESSENTIAL because if you remove that part, the sentence - I bought a new book - does not convey the intended meaning. (I just bought the best selling book, not generic book).

Another example:
Our new CEO, who used to be an MBA professor, is very smart.
"who used to be an MBA professor" is NON-ESSENTIAL modifier because the core meaning is that "the new CEO is really smart". So you can remove the modifier without meaning changes.

Take away:
ESSENTIAL modifier + NO comma
NON-ESSENTIAL modifier + Commas
'THAT" is used for ESSENTIAL modifier only.

Hope it helps.

Means in this ques included Total Quality Management and Six Sigma is essential modfier???
Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Jun 2017
Posts: 415
Location: Russian Federation
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
WE: Information Technology (Other)
Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approa  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2017, 07:11

1. ------
Take away:
ESSENTIAL modifier + NO comma
NON-ESSENTIAL modifier + Commas
'THAT" is used for ESSENTIAL modifier only.
--------

Really? GMAT checks this?
Maybe somebody can also tell when does GMAT look at correct using of commas?

2. Will option E be correct if we remove comma before "that"?

E were revolutionary in post-war industrial practices in Japan, inspired several American management philosophies that included Total Quality Management and Six Sigma, which became popular

3. (specifying 2nd quesion). Such use of "which" - is it ok? Or "which" modifies only Six Sigma ---> wrong?
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Re: Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approa  [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2018, 07:57
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Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Noted statistical consultant W. Edwards Deming, whose approa   [#permalink] 23 Oct 2018, 07:57
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