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noun modifier vs adverbial modifier

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New post 02 Jan 2019, 17:58
I am not very sure what the modifier is modifying in the following cases. Can anyone help me out here?

I greeted the boy, playing basketball.
Who is playing basketball? The boy or myself? I think this sentence is grammatically correct but ambiguous. Am I correct? Typically "playing basketball" acts as an adverbial modifier so it means I am playing basketball. But I also found another one from PREP:

Doris Schopper became president of the international council of Médecins sans Frontiéres, known in English as “Doctors Without Borders.”
In this sentence "known xxx" is modifying the noun "MSF" not the preceding independent clause. How can I determine if the participle modifies the preceding noun or entire clause? Thank you in advance.
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New post 02 Jan 2019, 20:28
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Hi,
I greeted the boy, playing basketball. : In this 'I' greeted d boy while I was playing ;better to write: playing basketball,I greeted the boy.
I greeted the boy playing basketball. in this (without comma) boy is playing. Or ex2 I SAW a man CLEANING the steps.
Look for egmat free videos on V-ing and Ved modifier, for more clarification.Also manhatten SC book also explains this to sm extent.
egmat

Doris Schopper became president of the international council of Médecins sans Frontiéres, known in English as “Doctors Without Borders.”
In this sentence "known xxx" is modifying the noun "MSF" not the preceding independent clause.: corrrect. V-ed clause modifies the noun and not the clause.
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New post 02 Jan 2019, 23:49
dwang52 wrote:
I greeted the boy, playing basketball.
Who is playing basketball? The boy or myself?

Hi dwang52, present participial phrases (playing basketball) towards the end of a clause preceded by a comma modify the subject of the preceding clause (in this case I).

If the intent was to depict that the boy was playing basketball, then there should not have been any comma.

I greeted the boy playing basketball.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Participial phrases, their application and examples in significant detail. If you or someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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New post 03 Jan 2019, 07:31
Hey.!

For modifiers I've attached some links below; these are very useful. Please go through it. Take your time.

https://gmatclub.com/forum/verb-ed-modi ... fl=similar

https://gmatclub.com/forum/usage-of-ver ... fl=similar

https://gmatclub.com/forum/verb-ing-mod ... =modifiers

I'm pretty sure these posts will help you to a great extent. There's no shortcut, please read.
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New post 06 Jan 2019, 11:19
Hi dwang52,

Welcome to gmatclub!

NOUN MODIFIERS:
Past participle - essential: The camera owned by John is white

Past participle non-essential:The ancient Anasazi harvested such native desert vegetation as the purple BEE_PLANT, now commonly called wild spinach.
The question itself is here:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-ancient- ... 79475.html

Present participle without commas: The boy playing soccer is very tall.

ADVERBIAL MODIFIERS:
Present Participle WITH COMMAS: The PROGRAMMER FIXED THE PROBLEM, earning himself a promotion

Past participle WITH COMMAS: Exhilarated by the successful product launch, the TEAM CELEBRATED after work

Some notes from Ron's videos:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/updated-thur ... 98304.html
Quote:
the "comma + ing" modifier should only be used when:

(A)
it MODIFIES THE ENTIRE ACTION of the preceding clause, and it APPLIES TO THE SUBJECT of that clause;

AND

(B)
one of the following is true:
(1) the "ing" action is SIMULTANEOUS with, and SUBORDINATE to, the main action;
- i ran down the sidewalk, flapping my arms wildly
(2) the "ing" action is a DIRECT AND IMMEDIATE CONSEQUENCE of the main action.
- i got a 100 on the most recent exam, bringing my average up to 91
(3) the "ing" action DESCRIBES the main action, in some other extremely direct way (illustration, example, explanation, etc.)

https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... tml#p40738


Note that the list above is not complete. What textbook are you using now? I'd highly recommend to get Manhattanprep SC book.

Hope this helps!
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noun modifier vs adverbial modifier   [#permalink] 06 Jan 2019, 11:19
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