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Now the fourth most important crop worldwide

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Now the fourth most important crop worldwide [#permalink]

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Now the fourth most important crop worldwide after wheat, rice and corn, potatoes are expected to supply even a larger share of the world's nutritional requirements in the next century if genetic engineering can increase its immunity to disease and expand its range of growing habitats.

A. potatoes are expected to supply even a
B. potatoes will, it is expected, supply an even
C. it is expected that potatoes will supply an even
D. the potato is expected to supply an even
E. expectations are for the potato to supply even a
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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What are modifiers ??

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Re: Now the fourth most important crop worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2014, 11:02
sivasanjeev wrote:
Now the fourth most important crop worldwide after wheat, rice and corn, potatoes are expected to supply even a larger share of the world's nutritional requirements in the next century if genetic engineering can increase its immunity to disease and expand its range of growing habitats.

A. potatoes are expected to supply even a
B. potatoes will, it is expected, supply an even
C. it is expected that potatoes will supply an even
D. the potato is expected to supply an even
E. expectations are for the potato to supply even a




The answer is D
In A, although potato is the correct modifier, "supply even a" - sounds wordy
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Re: Now the fourth most important crop worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2014, 14:35
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akshayleo25 wrote:
sivasanjeev wrote:
Now the fourth most important crop worldwide after wheat, rice and corn, potatoes are expected to supply even a larger share of the world's nutritional requirements in the next century if genetic engineering can increase its immunity to disease and expand its range of growing habitats.

A. potatoes are expected to supply even a
B. potatoes will, it is expected, supply an even
C. it is expected that potatoes will supply an even
D. the potato is expected to supply an even
E. expectations are for the potato to supply even a




The answer is D
In A, although potato is the correct modifier, "supply even a" - sounds wordy


Another problem with A is "potatoes" = plural and "its" (in non underline portion) = singular. Option A, B and C can be eliminated because of pronoun # problem. Option E : modifier problem. So IMO - D
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Re: Now the fourth most important crop worldwide [#permalink]

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Now the fourth most important crop worldwide after wheat, rice and corn, potatoes are expected to supply even a larger share of the world's nutritional requirements in the next century if genetic engineering can increase its immunity to disease and expand its range of growing habitats.

After first look, I wanted to test: the opening modifier, the S/V agreement, and logical predication (because is links the subject and verb so the predicate must properly describe the subject).

A. potatoes are expected to supply even a Wrong - The subject "potatoes" does not agree with the opening modifier. "Even" is a adverb modifying infinitive "supply", so it carries an "still, yet" definition. The adjective form in more idiomatic. Basically, it sounds funny.

B. potatoes will, it is expected, supply an even Wrong - major comma splice issue; two sentences cannot be joined by commas. It was switched to trick test-takers who mistakenly think a non-restrictive clause protects clauses such as these. Way wrong - non-restrictive clauses must be phrase and never a clause.

C. it is expected that potatoes will supply an even Wrong - inverted sentence structure is unnecessarily confusing. If the other choices were worse (such as structurally unsound) than this one, I'd choose C because it seems grammatically correct.

D. the potato is expected to supply an even Correct - The opening modifier and subject agree in number; "an even" expresses an equal quantity instead of "still, yet" adverbial definition.

E. expectations are for the potato to supply even a Wrong - The opening modifier becomes a dangling modifier; inverted sentence structure is not needed, causing illogical predication. (How can expectations to supply a larger share of requirements?)

IMO D
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Re: Now the fourth most important crop worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2014, 12:45
akshayleo25 wrote:
sivasanjeev wrote:
Now the fourth most important crop worldwide after wheat, rice and corn, potatoes are expected to supply even a larger share of the world's nutritional requirements in the next century if genetic engineering can increase its immunity to disease and expand its range of growing habitats.

A. potatoes are expected to supply even a
B. potatoes will, it is expected, supply an even
C. it is expected that potatoes will supply an even
D. the potato is expected to supply an even
E. expectations are for the potato to supply even a




The answer is D
In A, although potato is the correct modifier, "supply even a" - sounds wordy


I think "supply even a" is a modifier issue too. This may be a nuance, for "Even" can be an adverb or an adjective. Even as an adverb means "still, yet, just", whereas even as an adjective describes quality or quantity.
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Re: Now the fourth most important crop worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2014, 08:40
The placement of “even” in A actually does not make it very clear what “even” modifies. There can be two possible interpretations:
(a) potatoes are expected to even supply a larger share of the world's nutritional requirements - “even” modifying “supply”

(b) potatoes are expected to supply an even larger share of the world's nutritional requirements - “even” modifying “larger”
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Re: Now the fourth most important crop worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2015, 16:47
I think the most promising explanation for ruling out A: - http://www.beatthegmat.com/wheat-rice-a ... 73307.html
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Now the fourth most important crop worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2016, 01:15
Hi Experts / chetan2u,

If we just focus on the following part:
_______________________________________________________________________________________
Now the fourth most important crop worldwide after wheat, rice and corn, potatoes are expected
_______________________________________________________________________________________

On the basis of bolded words can we say the the noun should be singular..?
Additionally, in the non-underlined portion we have singular nouns ( wheat,rice and corns). Do we nee plural form (potatoes after comm...?

If in the non-underlined portion we use plural nouns
Wheat- Plural form will also be wheat
Rice- same plural form
corn- plural CORNS

Also, can we use plural form potatoes with article "THE".

Please assist.

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar
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Now the fourth most important crop worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2016, 08:56
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PrakharGMAT wrote:
Hi Experts / chetan2u,

If we just focus on the following part:
_______________________________________________________________________________________
Now the fourth most important crop worldwide after wheat, rice and corn, potatoes are expected
_______________________________________________________________________________________

On the basis of bolded words can we say the the noun should be singular..?
Additionally, in the non-underlined portion we have singular nouns ( wheat,rice and corns). Do we nee plural form (potatoes after comm...?

If in the non-underlined portion we use plural nouns
Wheat- Plural form will also be wheat
Rice- same plural form
corn- plural CORNS

Also, can we use plural form potatoes with article "THE".

Please assist.

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar


Yes, your argument why "potato" should be singular is logical. Nonetheless, an even stronger reasoning is that there is a singular pronoun "its" later in the sentence that refers to "potato".

The definite article "the" with a singular noun can be used to refer to the whole group or species referred to by the noun. e.g.:
The tiger is carnivorous = (all) Tigers are carnivorous.

But if we say "The tigers are carnivorous", then we are referring a particular set of tigers, not all tigers - other tigers outside that set may not be carnivorous.
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Re: Now the fourth most important crop worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2016, 03:32
one of the easiest questions i encountered.

Straight D.

After reading the initial modifier and learning from the end of the sentence that the subject POTATO should be singular. i marked D.
Rest all r wrong.

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Re: Now the fourth most important crop worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2017, 02:56
Now the fourth most important crop worldwide after wheat, rice and corn, potatoes are expected to supply even a larger share of the world's nutritional requirements in the next century if genetic engineering can increase its immunity to disease and expand its range of growing habitats.

A. potatoes are expected to supply even a
B. potatoes will, it is expected, supply an even
C. it is expected that potatoes will supply an even
D. the potato is expected to supply an even
E. expectations are for the potato to supply even a



Question:

I guess "Now the fourth most important crop worldwide after wheat, rice and corn, potatoes" also implies that were looking for singular noun ? Otherwise should be "Now among the fourth most important crops worldwide after wheat, rice and corn, potatoes" or something along those lines. Is that correct ?
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Re: Now the fourth most important crop worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2017, 19:00
sayantanc2k wrote:
PrakharGMAT wrote:
Hi Experts / chetan2u,

If we just focus on the following part:
_______________________________________________________________________________________
Now the fourth most important crop worldwide after wheat, rice and corn, potatoes are expected
_______________________________________________________________________________________

On the basis of bolded words can we say the the noun should be singular..?
Additionally, in the non-underlined portion we have singular nouns ( wheat,rice and corns). Do we nee plural form (potatoes after comm...?

If in the non-underlined portion we use plural nouns
Wheat- Plural form will also be wheat
Rice- same plural form
corn- plural CORNS

Also, can we use plural form potatoes with article "THE".

Please assist.

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar


Yes, your argument why "potato" should be singular is logical. Nonetheless, an even stronger reasoning is that there is a singular pronoun "its" later in the sentence that refers to "potato".

The definite article "the" with a singular noun can be used to refer to the whole group or species referred to by the noun. e.g.:
The tiger is carnivorous = (all) Tigers are carnivorous.

But if we say "The tigers are carnivorous", then we are referring a particular set of tigers, not all tigers - other tigers outside that set may not be carnivorous.



can you please explain supply even a larger share vs. supply an even larger share? which is correct
Re: Now the fourth most important crop worldwide   [#permalink] 10 Dec 2017, 19:00
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