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Numerous Ancient Mayan cities have been discovered in the

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Re: Numerous Ancient Mayan cities have been discovered in the [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2018, 11:13
georgepaul0071987 wrote:
Numerous Ancient Mayan cities have been discovered in the Yucatan peninsula in recent decades. The ruins lack any evidence of destruction by invading forces, internal revolts, or disease and appear simply to have been abandoned. Some archaeologists have theorized that the cities were abandoned due to a severe drought known to have occurred in the region between 800 and 1000 AD

Which of the following if true most strongly supports the archaeologists' theory?

A. Ample archaeological evidence of Mayan Peasant revolts and city-state warfare exists, but such events could never result in the permanent abandonment of cities.

B. No monumental inscriptions created after 900 AD have been found in these cities, but inscriptions dating before that time have been found in abundance.

C. studies of Yucatan Lake sediment cores provide conclusive evidence that a prolonged drought occurred in the region from 800 to 1000 AD

D. climatic studies have documented cycles of intermittent drought in the Yucatan peninsula dating from the present to at least 7000 years ago.

E. The Mayan City, Uxmal, was continuously inhabited from 500-1500 AD

Spoiler: :: Confused
I'm confused by the OA ! I thought it should have been C


VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



If you had anticipated a problem or gap in the previous argument before going to the answer choices on this problem, it would not have been “We don’t know if the drought occurred.” The argument specifically tells you that the drought was known to have occurred. However, the argument is lacking one very important piece of information. The argument states that a drought occurred between 800 AD and 1000 AD and concludes that this drought must have caused the disappearance of the Maya. However, absolutely no evidence is given that the Maya actually disappeared during the time of the drought. Answer choice B gives you exactly that missing piece of information and is thus correct. Almost any person who is new to critical reasoning makes the mistake of picking answer choice C on this problem because it seems to be important. Had you considered the argument before moving to answer choices, it is unlikely you would have made this mistake.
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Re: Numerous Ancient Mayan cities have been discovered in the   [#permalink] 27 May 2018, 11:13
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