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Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's

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Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Jul 2013, 13:03
2
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A
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Question Stats:

87% (00:44) correct 13% (00:54) wrong based on 1992 sessions

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Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protect its already-tattered image, and increase its ability to buy bond insurance.

(A) Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protect

(B) To obtain an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, and protect

(C) Having obtained an investment-grade rating will, in keeping the county's future borrowing costs low, protect

(D) To obtain an investment-grade rating would keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protecting

(E) Obtaining an investment-grade rating, keeping the county's borrowing costs low, would be protecting

Originally posted by humtum0 on 01 Sep 2008, 08:27.
Last edited by Zarrolou on 29 Jul 2013, 13:03, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA.
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Re: Obtaning an investment-grade  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2013, 12:55
7
Parallelism:
will keep X's borrowing costs low, protect its ..., and increase its ......

Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protect its already-tattered image, and increase its ability to buy bond insurance.

(A) Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protect
Correct.

(B) To obtain an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, and protect
Wrong.

(C) Having obtained an investment-grade rating will, in keeping the county's future borrowing costs low, protect
Wrong. Awkward.

(D) To obtain an investment-grade rating would keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protecting
Wrong.

(E) Obtaining an investment-grade rating, keeping the county's borrowing costs low, would be protecting[/quote]
Wrong.

Hope it's helps.
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Re: SC--Obtaining an investment-grade  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2008, 08:37
Answer: A ; The concept tested is parallelism.
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Re: SC--Obtaining an investment-grade  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2008, 18:05
Thanks all...

OA is A
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Re: SC--Obtaining an investment-grade  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2008, 18:21
humtum0 wrote:
Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protect its already-tattered image, and increase its ability to buy bond insurance.

(A) Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protect

(B) To obtain an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, and protect

(C) Having obtained an investment-grade rating will, in keeping the county's future borrowing costs low, protect

(D) To obtain an investment-grade rating would keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protecting

(E) Obtaining an investment-grade rating, keeping the county's borrowing costs low, would be protecting


Obtaining here is used as gerund.hence is a noun.Again use of Would is unnecessary since its a prediction and not uncertain clause.
D is out,
C is out since awkward construction
E is out since would be is not required here making the prediction continuous
B is out since and protect is not required , To obtain X will do Y is wrong ,obtaining X will do Y sounds better
A -> IMO answer
OA plsss
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Re: SC--Obtaining an investment-grade  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2008, 18:25
chalven1 wrote:
Answer: A ; The concept tested is parallelism.


D) To obtain an investment-grade rating would keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protecting

This is also paralel .Can u explain a bit y you rejected this option?
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Re: SC--Obtaining an investment-grade  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2008, 23:30
spriya wrote:
chalven1 wrote:
Answer: A ; The concept tested is parallelism.


D) To obtain an investment-grade rating would keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protecting

This is also paralel .Can u explain a bit y you rejected this option?


What kind of parallelism are you talking about? I can see the parallism in the original sentence "will keep....., protect..... and increase"?....not in option D.
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Obtaning an investment-grade  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Jul 2013, 13:04
Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protect its already-tattered image, and increase its ability to buy bond insurance.

(A) Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protect

(B) To obtain an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, and protect

(C) Having obtained an investment-grade rating will, in keeping the county's future borrowing costs low, protect

(D) To obtain an investment-grade rating would keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protecting

(E) Obtaining an investment-grade rating, keeping the county's borrowing costs low, would be protecting

Originally posted by WaterFlowsUp on 29 Jul 2013, 12:46.
Last edited by Zarrolou on 29 Jul 2013, 13:04, edited 1 time in total.
Merging similar topics.
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Re: Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2016, 04:46
honestly by POE crossed all choices leaving A

A is concise and parallel
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Re: Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 00:35
humtum0 wrote:
Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protect its already-tattered image, and increase its ability to buy bond insurance.

(A) Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protect

(B) To obtain an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, and protect

(C) Having obtained an investment-grade rating will, in keeping the county's future borrowing costs low, protect

(D) To obtain an investment-grade rating would keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protecting

(E) Obtaining an investment-grade rating, keeping the county's borrowing costs low, would be protecting




I go with A
make more sense than the others
plus B C D E are not parallel if you know the structure of parallelism
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Re: Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2017, 10:26
Could someone explain me a concept in this question? I get the right answer by the elimination process, but I still don't understand one thing.
in this question the subject is Obtaining an investment-grade rating, however I thought at first that Obtaining an investment-grade rating was a modifier that would
modifier the following clause. I was expecting something such as" The obtaning of an investment-grade... or An obtaining investment grade-....
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Re: Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2017, 22:58
1
You're discovering the bewildering versatility of -ing words! They can serve many purposes in a sentence. One of them is certainly to make a present participle that serves as an adverbial modifier. However, in this case that would mean that the main sentence would have to describe what the country did while/after obtaining an investment grade rating. Since the country itself doesn't do a lot of things, that's not too likely. In any case, we'd need a comma followed by a subject. Instead, we get the verb "will," which is a clue that we are dealing with a noun (gerund) and not a modifier.

The gerund, which is basically the noun form of a verb, is another very common usage of the -ing ending. Basically, "I like to swim" turns into "Swimming is fun." Here, obtaining a rating is a thing (event) that leads to other consequences.
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Re: Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 03:11
DmitryFarber wrote:
You're discovering the bewildering versatility of -ing words! They can serve many purposes in a sentence. One of them is certainly to make a present participle that serves as an adverbial modifier. However, in this case that would mean that the main sentence would have to describe what the country did while/after obtaining an investment grade rating. Since the country itself doesn't do a lot of things, that's not too likely. In any case, we'd need a comma followed by a subject. Instead, we get the verb "will," which is a clue that we are dealing with a noun (gerund) and not a modifier.

The gerund, which is basically the noun form of a verb, is another very common usage of the -ing ending. Basically, "I like to swim" turns into "Swimming is fun." Here, obtaining a rating is a thing (event) that leads to other consequences.


Can you also please clarify, what "its" is referring to?? country's ??
is this correct?? Ideally it should refer to country!!
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Re: Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 13:19
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ankurcogni wrote:
Can you also please clarify, what "its" is referring to?? country's ??
is this correct?? Ideally it should refer to country!!




Hello ankurcogni,


I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

The possessive pronoun its correctly refers to the possessive noun country's. Simply replace its with country's, and you will see that sentence presents logical meaning.


Now per the rules:

1. A possessive pronoun can refer to a possessive as well as non- possessive noun.
2. A non- possessive pronoun can refer ONLY to a non-possessive noun.


Hence, there is no issue with the reference of it in the original sentence.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2017, 13:11
egmat wrote:
ankurcogni wrote:
Can you also please clarify, what "its" is referring to?? country's ??
is this correct?? Ideally it should refer to country!!




Hello ankurcogni,


I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

The possessive pronoun its correctly refers to the possessive noun country's. Simply replace its with country's, and you will see that sentence presents logical meaning.


Now per the rules:

1. A possessive pronoun can refer to a possessive as well as non- possessive noun.
2. A non- possessive pronoun can refer ONLY to a non-possessive noun.


Hence, there is no issue with the reference of it in the original sentence.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha

another question -- do you think the sentence should use "would" instead of "will"?
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Re: Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2017, 13:40
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sevenplusplus wrote:
another question -- do you think the sentence should use "would" instead of "will"?





Hello sevenplusplus,


Thank you for the query. :-)


The would have a very specific usage on GMAT SC.

1. It is used to present assumptions, hypothetical situations, or uncertain events.
2. It is also used as conditional would in the then clause when the if clause is written in simple past tense.
3. Would is used to refer to a future event from the past time frame.


None of the above situation is applicable in the context of the relevant official sentence.

On the contrary, the sentence talks about sure effects that will take place once the country obtains an investment-grade rating. Hence, use of will is absolutely correct in this sentence.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2018, 10:26
Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protect its already-tattered image, and increase its ability to buy bond insurance.

(A) Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protect - Correct

(B) To obtain an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, and protect -- and protect is incorrect -- and should only be used before the last item

(C) Having obtained an investment-grade rating will, in keeping the county's future borrowing costs low, protect -- having obtained is unclear ; in keeping leads to parallelism error

(D) To obtain an investment-grade rating would keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protecting - protecting distorts the meaning ; parallelism issue

(E) Obtaining an investment-grade rating, keeping the county's borrowing costs low, would be protecting - keeping low distorts meaning; parallelism issue

Answer A
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Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2018, 03:02
Hello egmat ,

what if sentence said:

To obtain an investment-grade rating will keep the county's future borrowing costs low, protect its already-tattered image, and increase its ability to buy bond insurance.

would it be correct ?

thank you :)
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Re: Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2018, 19:27
I wonder what is the difference between "to obtain" and "obtaining"?
As far as I know, they both perfectly serve as subjects!!
Also, to obtain implies the future tense and so perfectly agrees with the future tense"will"?
CAN SOMEONE HELP, PLEASE?
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Re: Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2018, 20:44
Neither of the choices with "to obtain" is usable, since they both violate parallelism later in the sentence. We need "keep, protect, and increase."
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Re: Obtaining an investment-grade rating will keep the county's &nbs [#permalink] 29 Oct 2018, 20:44
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