DenisSh wrote:
Of the 60 animals on a certain farm, 2/3 are either pigs or cows. How many of the animals are cows?
(1) The farm has more than twice as many cows as pigs
(2) The farm has more than 12 pigs
Target question: How many of the animals are cows?Given: Of the 60 animals in a certain farm, 2/3 are either pigs or cows
Let P = # of pigs
Let C = # of cows
2/3 of 60 = 40, so we can say that
P + C = 40 Statement 1: The farm has MORE THAN twice as many cows as it has pigs. In other words,
2P < CIf we know
2P < C and
P + C = 40, do we have sufficient information to find the value of C?
No. Consider these 2 conflicting cases:
Case a: P = 1 and C = 39, in which case
there are 39 cowsCase b: P = 2 and C = 38, in which case
there are 38 cowsSince we cannot answer the
target question with certainty, statement 1 is NOT SUFFICIENT
Statement 2: The farm has more than 12 pigs.There's no way we can use this information to determine the number of cows.
Since we cannot answer the
target question with certainty, statement 2 is NOT SUFFICIENT
Statements 1 and 2 combined Statement 2 says that P > 12. So, let's examine some possibilities.
If P = 13, then C > 26 (from statement 1). So,
C must equal 27 (since
P + C = 40)
If P = 14, then C > 28 (from statement 1). In this case, P+C will be GREATER THAN 40, but we need
P+C to EQUAL 40 (from the given information). So, P cannot equal 14.
In fact, for the same reasons, P cannot equal 15, 16, 17, etc. . .
So, the
only case that's possible is for there to be 13 pigs and
27 cowsSince we can now answer the
target question with certainty, the combined statements are SUFFICIENT
Answer = C
Cheers,
Brent
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