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Re: Often credited as the founder of English literature, Geoffrey Chaucer [#permalink]
The answer is C for a few reasons:
1. It puts the conjunction of "and" in the right place connecting the two contributions of Geoffrey Chaucer
2. The comma is retained to put a pause between the two contributions and the part about using it
3. Parallelism is maintained. Since the sentence starts off with using the form "contributed" in the first part the second part will also have the similar form of "extended"

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Re: Often credited as the founder of English literature, Geoffrey Chaucer [#permalink]
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sidoknowia wrote:
Often credited as the founder of English literature, Geoffrey Chaucer both contributed to a growing canon of English literature, extended the capabilities of the language, and using it to invent a new poetic meter.


(A) literature, extended the capabilities of the language, and using it

(B) literature, extended the capabilities of the language, and used it

(C) literature and extended the capabilities of the language, using it

(D) literature, extending the capabilities of the language and using it

(E) literature and, extending the capabilities of the language, using it


KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



Both tells you from the beginning that Chaucer did two things but the original sentence gives you three and, as if that weren't bad enough, the three aren't even expressed in parallel structures. Eliminate (A), and (B) as well for mimicking that error. (D) is out too because it doesn't offer a second accomplishment to parallel contributed. (C) and (E) give you the right number of elements, but (E) isn't parallel (extending doesn't match contributed) so take (C).

When an 800 test taker finds the original sentence confusing, he uses the nonunderlined portion to tell him what the underlined portion must include.
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Re: Often credited as the founder of English literature, Geoffrey Chaucer [#permalink]
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Re: Often credited as the founder of English literature, Geoffrey Chaucer [#permalink]
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