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# Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable

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Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 13 Aug 2017, 08:02
3
37
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (00:58) correct 51% (01:09) wrong based on 1127 sessions

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Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable at first from ordinary fluctuations in the financial markets

(A) so gradual as to be indistinguishable
(B) so gradual so that they can be indistinguishable
(C) so gradual that they are unable to be distinguished
(D) gradual enough not to be distinguishable
(E) gradual enough so that one cannot distinguish them

Originally posted by study on 16 Jan 2009, 09:00.
Last edited by hazelnut on 13 Aug 2017, 08:02, edited 2 times in total.
Formatted the question.
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Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable  [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2013, 05:45
4
8
Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable at first from ordinary fluctuations in the financial markets

3 options have incorrect idioms/constructs:

* so gradual so that they can be indistinguishable
* gradual enough not to be distinguishable
* gradual enough so that one cannot distinguish them

I think that the battle goes on between A and C.
* so gradual as to be indistinguishable
* so gradual that they are unable to be distinguished

I)Both have correct idioms.
II)Both are grammatically correct, and the meaning is the same.

So which should we pick? We have "indistinguishable" VS "they are unable to be distinguished". If you cannot eliminate an answer because of meaning/grammatical/structural errors, choose the one the conveys the meaning more efficiently. The first option is clearly more concise.
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##### General Discussion
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Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2364
Re: Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2009, 11:25
1
1
study wrote:
Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable at first from ordinary fluctuations in the financial markets

* so gradual as to be indistinguishable
* so gradual so that they can be indistinguishable
* so gradual that they are unable to be distinguished
* gradual enough not to be distinguishable
* gradual enough so that one cannot distinguish them

Agree with A, which is idiomatic "so x as to be y" and meaningful.

No dispute for B, D and E.

C looks tempting but changes the meaning. "economic shifts" are neither able nor unable to be distinguished. They do not do that job rather they are indistinguishable for others i.e. people.
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Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2009, 00:50
4
1
IMO
I think enough not to is not correct; the question should read "Often major economic shifts are not gradual enough to be ..."
There is a different in meaning between so ...as and enough to

X enough to Y is used when the emphasis is on Y. "So X as to Y" is used when the emphasis is on X

1. "I am tall enough to touch the ceiling" implies that the focus is on the fact of being able to touch the ceiling.
2." I am so tall as to be able to touch the ceiling" implies that the focus is on the fact of being tall

more examples

1. The lion was so tame that the lionkeeper could enter its cage
2. The lion was tame enough for the lioonkeeper to enter its cage
3. It was such a clear introductory lecture that we decided to take the course
4. It was a clear enough introductory lecture for us to decide to take the course
5. sentence 1 suggests that the lion was very time, whereas 2 does not
6. sentence 3 suggests that the lecture was very clear, while 4 does not

option C is wrong because after able or unable the verb to be is considered wordy; you use the verb to be twice

be able to be ...
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Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2009, 00:54
1

IMO the correct idioms with enough are
enough to and enough for
so E cannot be the correct answer choice
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Re: Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable  [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2012, 03:35
1
OA is A.

1. so gradual as to be indistinguishable
Option 1 correctly follows the idiom "SO X AS TO Y".
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Re: Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2017, 12:06
4
1
A) so gradual as to be indistinguishable
"so... as to be..." is a correct idiom.

B) so gradual so that they can be indistinguishable
"so... so that..." is not a correct idiom

C) so gradual that they are unable to be distinguished
This one is tough, because it's not grammatically or idiomatically incorrect. "So... that" is a correct idiom. It's certainly wordier than A, and there also seems to be a disconnect in meaning. If something is "indistinguishable," then people are not able to distinguish it. Here, saying that the "shifts... are unable to be distinguished," then the lack of ability is on the part of the shifts, and not on the people distinguishing. This is a case in which passive voice alters the meaning slightly, and therefore makes less sense.

D) gradual enough not to be indistinguishable
"gradual enough" means something different from "so gradual." "Enough" implies a sufficient quantity, above a certain threshold - "I have enough money to by the new laptop." "So" is a qualifier meaning "to such a degree that." For example, "I have so much money that I could buy all of the laptops in the world." It doesn't imply any threshold.

E) gradual enough so that one cannot distinguish them
Same issue as in D.

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Re: Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2017, 08:28
Why is C wrong ?

experts pls help
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Re: Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2017, 08:58
1
1
rishabhdxt wrote:
Why is C wrong ?

experts pls help

Hello rishabhdxt,

C. so gradual that they are unable to be distinguished

The portion they are unable to seems to suggest that major economic shifts are unable to do something. This definitely is not the intended meaning.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2017, 00:34
Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable at first from ordinary fluctuations in the financial markets

(A) so gradual as to be indistinguishable - Correct
(B) so gradual so that they can be indistinguishable - idiom issue - So...so that.
(C) so gradual that they are unable to be distinguished - the use of "unable" to describe something that's not actually an inability of the subject.
(D) gradual enough not to be distinguishable - redundant - not to be distinguishable is same as to be indistinguishable ; enough not to idiom seems incorrect
(E) gradual enough so that one cannot distinguish them - idiom issue - enough so that is unidiomatic

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Re: Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable  [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2018, 14:49
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Re: Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable &nbs [#permalink] 03 Sep 2018, 14:49
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