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One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec

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One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

(A) management decisions have at least as great an impact

(B) decisions by management have a great impact

(C) manager decisions impact greatly

(D) decisions by a company’s management impact greatly

(E) what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

Last edited by hazelnut on 21 Oct 2017, 08:03, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2012, 23:58
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this is of the form : Although X............., Y

First split :

1. Y ..........impact greatly on a performance.

2. Y........... has an impact on a peroformance

which one would u zone in on ----, Guess 2 : thus C&D eliminated.

Left with A / B / E : Now 2nd split


B : Decisions by management.......................... : we can rule this out with an iron fist ------ decisions of management wld have been more apt and not its BY cousin.

Left with A n E :

A : management decisions................................HAS/HAVE an impact

E : what a company's management..................HAS/HAVE an impact

thus it boils down to : management decisions VS what a company's mangement...........

guess now we can spot on A even if we forget all grammar rules.

Leading to A, my take.

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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2012, 02:38
Quote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

A) management decisions have at least as great an impact
B) decisions by management have a great impact
C) manager decisions impact greatly
D) decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
E) what a company’s management decides has a greater impact


Summing up what the passage is trying to convey :- A study xyz found that A and B can influence productivity of a company..And C can have just as great an impact on performance ....

Superficially, there seems to be nothing much wrong with this passage..therefore keeping A as a viable option we can move on and try to eliminate the remaining answer choices ...

Clearly this passage is drawing comparisons , therefore try to eliminate all the options that do not maintain the comparing nature of the statement....B,C,D,E, basically say that A,B and C have an impact , however all of them do not compare the level of the impact (relative to one another, or of AB to C) therefore THEY are wrong..

P.S. I do not have access to MGMAT practice material but do they really classify this as a 700 level question?? Personally I think it is more a 600 range question..
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2012, 02:57
nitzz wrote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

A) management decisions have at least as great an impact
B) decisions by management have a great impact
C) manager decisions impact greatly
D) decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
E) what a company’s management decides has a greater impact



all other options other than A do not convey the intended meaning.

A says the impact is at least as great than govt. policy.
B,C and D dont compare this impact with govt. policy.
and E says it has greater impact.

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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2013, 19:14
government policy is parallal to managament decisions not decisions by management!! Hence B and D are incorrect.
Have impact on is correct not impact on hence c and e are incorrect.

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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2013, 10:45
The focus is on to say that the management decisions have at least as great an impact as other factors mentioned therein. This –at least as great an impact (if not more) is the pith that should be carried through, if the choice has to be correct. You may notice that except Choice A, none other faithfully carries this grain.
B generally calls it a great impact. C and D simply say decisions impact greatly. E is antithetical in that it describes as great impact as greater impact. So A for maintaining fidelity.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2013, 10:57
mun23 wrote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.
(A)management decisions have at least as great an impact
(B)decisions by management have a great impact
(C)manager decisions impact greatly
(D)decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
(E)what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

Need explanation of right answer choice&every wrong answer choices



Answer is A

Choices B,C,D and E distorts the intended meaning of the sentence

Intended meaning : original sentence shows a comparison "although" (followed by a dependent clause beginning with ,) and means the impact is atleast as much as those of the other reasons mentioned in main clause (which is before ,). But choices B,C,D and E means an independent clause using "greatly/ great/ greater"

Hope this helps you understand :-D

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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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mun23 wrote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

(A)management decisions have at least as great an impact
(B)decisions by management have a great impact
(C)manager decisions impact greatly
(D)decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
(E)what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

Need explanation of right answer choice&every wrong answer choices


Hi mun23,

The word "although" marks a contrast; so, in this sentence we have to make sure that the contrasting elements should be parallel logically and grammatically.

To understand the structure of the sentence lets first cut short the sentence and recognize the elements that are being used to represent a contrast.

One study found that although government policy and the industrial sectorin which a company operates can influence its productivityand financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impacton a company’s performance.

i.e Although government policy and the industrial sector can influence ,management decisions have at least as great an impact

The elements that are being contrasted are "government policy and industrial sector" and "management decisions"

Both these structures are grammatically and logically parallel. Moreover "great impact on" is much better idiomatically than "impact greatly on"

(A)management decisions have at least as great an impact

Correct because of the reasons mentioned above.

(B)decisions by management have a great impact

The usage of "decisions by management" is not incorrect, but less preferred than the parallel construction "management decisions". "have a great impact on" changes the meaning of the original sentence. Original sentence means that "management decisions" have "at least as great" means the impact is equal to or greater than, whereas (B) says just "a great impact", no comparison here.

(C)manager decisions impact greatly

awkwardly uses "manager" to modify "decisions";"great impact on" is much better idiomatically than "impact greatly on"

(D)decisions by a company’s management impact greatly

Like (B), (D) uses a less parallel structure "decisions by a company’s management" than parallel "management decisions".
"impact greatly on" less preferred as in (C) above.


(E)what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

"greater impact" changes the comparison used in the original sentence, "at least as great"

Hope this helps,

Vercules
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2013, 08:09
aditya111 wrote:
How can we confirm that E changes the intended meaning. Cant it be that E is the intended meaning by implying that Company's management has a greater impact and not the same or greater impact???

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Hi aditya111,
If you carefully study this problem, you will see that none of the answer choices are grammatically incorrect. In their grammatical structure, they are all correct. However, the removal of “at least as great an impact” makes all the other answer choices logically incorrect as they fail to communicate the indicated meaning.

The intended meaning is derived from the original sentence. Almost every original sentence conveys the intended LOGICAL meaning through correct or incorrect grammatical structure. If the original sentence does not convey the LOGICAL meaning, then we need to do a thorough PoE to find out the choice that stands grammatically as well as logically sound.

One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

(A)management decisions have at least as great an impact
(B)decisions by management have a great impact
(C)manager decisions impact greatly
(D)decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
(E)what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

In this sentence, the original choice clearly says that the impact of “managerial decisions” is as great as government policy and the industrial sector. This factor does not impact more greatly than the other factors. This is the reason why all the other answer choices (B. C, D, E) distorts the intended meaning.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks
Shraddha.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2014, 05:38
I believe Answer is B

After reading all replies, I found none of them convincing.

Reasons for option B

Impact can be an abstract noun or an action verb. In original sentence, "impact" is used as an abstract noun.So while maintaining it as a noun, we have to find the best grammatical option.

A) management decisions have at least as great an impact - comparison flaw
B) decisions by management have a great impact - no flaw in sentence and impact is used as a noun
C) manager decisions impact greatly - impact is used like an action verb
D) decisions by a company’s management impact greatly -- impact is used like an action verb
E) what a company’s management decides has a greater impact - comparison flaw

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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2015, 02:28
Hi sytabish,
comparison is between government policy and the industrial sector and the decision .
B says decisions by management ,A says management decision which is in parallel with the phrase in bold and compares well .

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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2015, 09:56
One study found that

although
    government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates
    can influence its(company's) productivity and financial strength,

management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance. as government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates have.

A) management decisions have at least as great an impact
B) decisions by management have a great impact............comparison is missing
C) manager decisions impact greatly............comparison is missing
D) decisions by a company’s management impact greatly............comparison is missing
E) what a company’s management decides has a greater impact............what........greater deviates the meaning

I got this question twice incorrect. :?
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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Hi souvik101990

I'm not able to distinguish between A and B. Why would we prefer A as the answer choice? Can u please help ?

Thanks!

B changes the meaning of the original sentence which states that mgmt. decisions have at least as great an impact as do govt. policy and industrial sector. However choice B removes that comparison and simply states that mgmt. decisions have a great impact.

Hope that helps.

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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2016, 05:41
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sa18 wrote:
defenestrate wrote:
ajisha wrote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

management decisions have at least as great an impact

decisions by management have a great impact

manager decisions impact greatly

decisions by a company’s management impact greatly

what a company’s management decides has a greater impact


at least as great an impact means an impact that is as great as or greater than...

None of the other options maintain this meaning perfectly, therefore A...ignoring grammer


management decisions have at least as great an impact .... is this the correct usage?


Ideally there should have been another "as" to complete the comparison.

Decisions have as great an impact as .....(the second element of comparison)...

Nonetheless it is stylistically accepted to drop the second element altogether when it is evident to which the comparison has been made. Here it is clear that the magnitude of impact of management decisions is compared to the magnitude of impact of the Government policy and the industrial sectors. Hence it alright to drop the second "as" along with the second element altogether.

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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2016, 08:43
Hi,
experts egmat souvik101990 veritas magoosh
plz help in distinguishing between A and C.
whats the difference between management decisions and managers decision . Why not C could be a correct answer?
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2016, 12:02
souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Comparison Revision Project.

One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

A. management decisions have at least as great an impact

B. decisions by management have a great impact

C. manager decisions impact greatly

D. decisions by a company’s management impact greatly

E. what a company’s management decides has a greater impact



My take on this !!

I don't see anything wrong with the underlined part.
subject and verb together make sense .
just one thing though , I was trying to find another as , but then it could be after "on a company’s performance"
B and D are in passive voice and do not go with the over all structure of the sentence.
E is just awkward and well in C it says Manager (individual) decisions instead of management (group as a whole) !!

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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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Celestial09, I see three problems with C:

1) The verb phrase "impact on" is incorrect. We either impact something, or we have an impact on it. In the latter case, "impact" is actually a noun.

2) The phrase "manager decisions" does not work. Almost any noun can be made to serve as an adjective, but we don't typically do this with a word that has better forms to use: managerial, management, etc. For instance, look at the difference between the phrases "plastic chair" and "wooden chair." We have to say "plastic," because there isn't a separate adjectival form. Since we have "wooden," we use it. Similarly, we don't say things like "president library" or "spouse support" because we have the words "presidential" and "spousal."

3) C loses a part of the meaning in A: that management decisions have at least as great an impact as policy and sector do. In other words, A is making a comparison, while B-D are just saying that the impact is great. This is tricky, and I think it actually represents a flaw in the problem. If the intended meaning is the one in A, the other answer choices shouldn't all do something else unless those interpretations simply cannot be correct. When there is a difference in meaning on a real GMAT SC question, we'll usually see that the wrong versions can't be correct, or we'll see enough cues across the answer choices to tell us that one version is correct. Here, the meaning in A seems to tell us something more specific than we are told in the other answer choices (except E, which goes all the way to a greater impact), but we shouldn't have to rely on the misguided idea that A is the "original" to resolve the issue. Fortunately, all of the other choices are flawed in other ways, so we're safe, but I don't think the GMAT would do this.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 22:56
the key word here is "although" => B,C,D are out
E changes the meaning => A is correct

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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 08:07
We have to compare impact Government policy and the industrial sector and impact of management decisions.
Only A does that .
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2017, 03:25
Can someone please tell me why answer option B is incorrect??

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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2017, 08:11
ajisha wrote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

(A) management decisions have at least as great an impact

(B) decisions by management have a great impact

(C) manager decisions impact greatly

(D) decisions by a company’s management impact greatly

(E) what a company’s management decides has a greater impact


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


The word “although” at the beginning of the sentence signals that the underlined portion must draw a comparison between the impact of management decisions and the impact of government policy and industrial sector on a company’s performance. The original sentence correctly draws this comparison with the phrase “at least as great an impact.” Also, "government policy," "industrial sector," and "management decisions" are all correctly parallel (which is required because they are part of the same comparison).

(A) CORRECT. This choice is correct as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice tells us only about the impact of management decisions ("have a great impact") rather than drawing a comparison between the impact of management decisions and the impact of government policy and the industrial sector of a company. Also, “decisions by management” is wordy and nonparallel to “government policy.”

(C) This choice tells us only about the impact of management decisions ("have a great impact") rather than drawing a comparison between the impact of management decisions and the impact of government policy and the industrial sector of a company. Additionally, “manager decisions” is awkward relative to the more commonly used term “management decisions.” Finally, decisions do not "impact on" performance; they impact performance.

(D) This choice tells us only about the impact of management decisions ("have a great impact") rather than drawing a comparison between the impact of management decisions and the impact of government policy and the industrial sector of a company. “Decisions by a company’s management” is wordy and redundant, as “a company” is repeated in the non-underlined portion of the sentence.

(E) This choice does draw a comparison between the impact of management decisions and the impact of government policy and industry sector on company performance; it does not do so in parallel form, however. The comparison also changes the original meaning of the sentence. In addition, the phrase “what a company’s management decides” is wordy and redundant, as "a company" is repeated in the non-underlined portion of the sentence.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2017, 08:11

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One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec

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