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One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec

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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2016, 21:34
1
sytabish wrote:
Hi souvik101990

I'm not able to distinguish between A and B. Why would we prefer A as the answer choice? Can u please help ?

Thanks!

B changes the meaning of the original sentence which states that mgmt. decisions have at least as great an impact as do govt. policy and industrial sector. However choice B removes that comparison and simply states that mgmt. decisions have a great impact.

Hope that helps.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2016, 05:41
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sa18 wrote:
defenestrate wrote:
ajisha wrote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

management decisions have at least as great an impact

decisions by management have a great impact

manager decisions impact greatly

decisions by a company’s management impact greatly

what a company’s management decides has a greater impact


at least as great an impact means an impact that is as great as or greater than...

None of the other options maintain this meaning perfectly, therefore A...ignoring grammer


management decisions have at least as great an impact .... is this the correct usage?


Ideally there should have been another "as" to complete the comparison.

Decisions have as great an impact as .....(the second element of comparison)...

Nonetheless it is stylistically accepted to drop the second element altogether when it is evident to which the comparison has been made. Here it is clear that the magnitude of impact of management decisions is compared to the magnitude of impact of the Government policy and the industrial sectors. Hence it alright to drop the second "as" along with the second element altogether.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2016, 08:43
Hi,
experts egmat souvik101990 veritas magoosh
plz help in distinguishing between A and C.
whats the difference between management decisions and managers decision . Why not C could be a correct answer?
Thanks
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2016, 13:07
1
Celestial09, I see three problems with C:

1) The verb phrase "impact on" is incorrect. We either impact something, or we have an impact on it. In the latter case, "impact" is actually a noun.

2) The phrase "manager decisions" does not work. Almost any noun can be made to serve as an adjective, but we don't typically do this with a word that has better forms to use: managerial, management, etc. For instance, look at the difference between the phrases "plastic chair" and "wooden chair." We have to say "plastic," because there isn't a separate adjectival form. Since we have "wooden," we use it. Similarly, we don't say things like "president library" or "spouse support" because we have the words "presidential" and "spousal."

3) C loses a part of the meaning in A: that management decisions have at least as great an impact as policy and sector do. In other words, A is making a comparison, while B-D are just saying that the impact is great. This is tricky, and I think it actually represents a flaw in the problem. If the intended meaning is the one in A, the other answer choices shouldn't all do something else unless those interpretations simply cannot be correct. When there is a difference in meaning on a real GMAT SC question, we'll usually see that the wrong versions can't be correct, or we'll see enough cues across the answer choices to tell us that one version is correct. Here, the meaning in A seems to tell us something more specific than we are told in the other answer choices (except E, which goes all the way to a greater impact), but we shouldn't have to rely on the misguided idea that A is the "original" to resolve the issue. Fortunately, all of the other choices are flawed in other ways, so we're safe, but I don't think the GMAT would do this.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2017, 08:11
1
ajisha wrote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

(A) management decisions have at least as great an impact

(B) decisions by management have a great impact

(C) manager decisions impact greatly

(D) decisions by a company’s management impact greatly

(E) what a company’s management decides has a greater impact


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


The word “although” at the beginning of the sentence signals that the underlined portion must draw a comparison between the impact of management decisions and the impact of government policy and industrial sector on a company’s performance. The original sentence correctly draws this comparison with the phrase “at least as great an impact.” Also, "government policy," "industrial sector," and "management decisions" are all correctly parallel (which is required because they are part of the same comparison).

(A) CORRECT. This choice is correct as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) This choice tells us only about the impact of management decisions ("have a great impact") rather than drawing a comparison between the impact of management decisions and the impact of government policy and the industrial sector of a company. Also, “decisions by management” is wordy and nonparallel to “government policy.”

(C) This choice tells us only about the impact of management decisions ("have a great impact") rather than drawing a comparison between the impact of management decisions and the impact of government policy and the industrial sector of a company. Additionally, “manager decisions” is awkward relative to the more commonly used term “management decisions.” Finally, decisions do not "impact on" performance; they impact performance.

(D) This choice tells us only about the impact of management decisions ("have a great impact") rather than drawing a comparison between the impact of management decisions and the impact of government policy and the industrial sector of a company. “Decisions by a company’s management” is wordy and redundant, as “a company” is repeated in the non-underlined portion of the sentence.

(E) This choice does draw a comparison between the impact of management decisions and the impact of government policy and industry sector on company performance; it does not do so in parallel form, however. The comparison also changes the original meaning of the sentence. In addition, the phrase “what a company’s management decides” is wordy and redundant, as "a company" is repeated in the non-underlined portion of the sentence.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2018, 10:11
sayantanc2k wrote:

Ideally there should have been another "as" to complete the comparison.

Decisions have as great an impact as .....(the second element of comparison)...

Nonetheless it is stylistically accepted to drop the second element altogether when it is evident to which the comparison has been made. Here it is clear that the magnitude of impact of management decisions is compared to the magnitude of impact of the Government policy and the industrial sectors. Hence it alright to drop the second "as" along with the second element altogether.


Could anybody post a similar question from the Official Guide that touches on the comparative issue "as ...X... (as + 2nd element)"? Thanks in advance!
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec &nbs [#permalink] 22 Sep 2018, 10:11

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