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One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec

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One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

(A) management decisions have at least as great an impact

(B) decisions by management have a great impact

(C) manager decisions impact greatly

(D) decisions by a company’s management impact greatly

(E) what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

Originally posted by ajisha on 22 Aug 2007, 08:05.
Last edited by hazelnut on 21 Oct 2017, 08:03, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2011, 09:32
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Step 1. The text seeks to state that management decisions have at least as great an impact as other factors. This vital element of comparison should not be missed in the choices. None of the choices, B, C, D, and E carries this original intent earnestly. B, C, and D are simple declarative statements of great impact and not comparisons. E on the other hand goes off board to say that the decisions have a greater impact. These are wrong presentations.

A, the verbatim choice from the text is the correct answer.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2009, 11:41
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here's a good explanation for this question
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/mgm ... t1192.html
It was new to me that we can use 'as great', 'as genious', etc. without the second 'as'
thanks for the question :)
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2009, 01:11
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yes, but "as great an impact" is also correct technically.
"although x is bla_bla, y is bla_bla"...something is missing here...it should be "although x is bla_bla, y is as bla_bla as X"....there should be some contrast by way of comparison with the usage of 'although'
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New post 11 Oct 2009, 09:47
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E.

A. management decisions have at least as great an impact
B. decisions by management have a great impact
C. manager decisions impact greatly
D. decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
E. what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

we need to have a comparison here! in the original sentence there is a word "although", which is a signal to look for comparative adjective here. "greater" can be found only in choice E.

PLUS the correct idiom here is "to have an impact ON"
we can easily eliminate answer choices C and D.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2009, 06:35
hogann wrote:
OA is A

The original sentence correctly draws this comparison with the phrase “at least as great an impact.” Also, "government policy," "industrial sector," and "management decisions" are all correctly parallel


god, this is a good question!!!!!!

really A.

look here for more explanation http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/man ... t7712.html
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2011, 07:42
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The underlined part should end with "impact on"
A, B and E left.
B -"by" out
E - change of meaning. I think there is quant involved here and the difference between ">" (greater) and ">=" (atleast as) is clear from A's meaning.
A is the best unless you want to change the meaning.
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New post 23 Feb 2011, 10:00
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The gist of the original text is that management decisions have an impact at least as great. Any choice that does not reflect this 'at least as great' feature is distorting the intended meaning. You might notice no choice other than A carries this intent. Hence A is the best choice.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2011, 03:26
daagh wrote:
Can you please specify what you wish to discuss? You must also lead the discussion by saying what your version of the discussion is, what particular issue you have in this topic and so on.


I have the OA but I dont understand how to eliminate choices here and on what basis...I read on other forums about parallelism...but i dont knw why financial strength is not included in parallelism too...

Also, is there any other strategy to use POE...I am not fully convinced by parallelism
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2011, 03:48
Please at this stage don't get confused by big jargons such as parallelism and modification etc,. For example this topic is not about parallelism. Your assumption that financial strength is not included in parallelism is unclear to the extent why you need to bother about //ism in this context and what it is not parallel with.

Can I give you a small suggestion, if you may permit me? Please go through the definitions of all the basic concepts of GMAT SC first either from some basic books or some good institutes. Or else, you will take lot more time to come to grip.

That aside, let me tell you that all the choices in the issue are grammatically correct, except for trivial issues such as missing of an apostrophe etc; But what this question tests is the intent.

Now can you pick up the thread from here on and arrive at how the OA differs from the rest.
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New post 02 Jul 2011, 09:21
The important thing to note here is that the impact is as great if not more. This comparative aspect should be reflected in all the choices lest it should distort the meaning.

Choices BCDE flout this element by describing the impact as ‘great impact’ ‘impact greatly’ and ‘a greater impact’.

In addition, c is wrong also becos of missing the possessive marker apostrophe after manager
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2012, 12:14
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alchemist009 wrote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

A. management decisions have at least as great an impact
B decisions by management have a great impact
C. manager decisions impact greatly
D. decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
E. what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

i dont know whats wrong with D


WE can use meaning to eliminate answer choices here. The intended meaning is that "management decisions have at least the same impact as the Govt. policy/industrial sector or a greater impact". Basically impact from management decisions >= impact from Govt. policy


none of B,C or D indicate this, they all say decisions by management have a great impact, but non qualify it as atleast as great as the Govt policy.
E indicates management decisions > impact from Govt. policy [notice strictly greater than]

So E is also out. Pick A.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2012, 18:25
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gomennassai wrote:
alchemist009 wrote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

A. management decisions have at least as great an impact
B decisions by management have a great impact
C. manager decisions impact greatly
D. decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
E. what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

i dont know whats wrong with D


WE can use meaning to eliminate answer choices here. The intended meaning is that "management decisions have at least the same impact as the Govt. policy/industrial sector or a greater impact". Basically impact from management decisions >= impact from Govt. policy


none of B,C or D indicate this, they all say decisions by management have a great impact, but non qualify it as atleast as great as the Govt policy.
E indicates management decisions > impact from Govt. policy [notice strictly greater than]

So E is also out. Pick A.



Gomennassai makes an excellent point about the intended meaning of this sentence. Whenever possible, though, I prefer to make eliminations based on grammar rules. Note the "split" at the end of each choice,

(A) impact
(B) impact
(C) greatly
(D) greatly
(E) impact

This might not appear to be a grammar-based split, until you observe what comes immediately after each underlined portion: the prepositional phrase "on a company's performance." This is a modifying phrase describing the noun "impact" and the rule here is that noun modifiers must be adjacent to the noun they are meant to modify. (C) and (D) are both out at this point – not only do the test writers separate "impact" from its modifying phrase, they actually use "impact" as a verb rather than a noun in these choices!

We don't think much about the prepositional phrases we use in everyday speech, but for GMAT SC you'll need to train yourself to always spot these.

Meaning is the best way to proceed at this point in the problem, but I wanted to point out the grammatical issue with (C) and (D) because a grammar-first focus on SC comes with a high payoff!

Hope that helps!

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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2012, 10:04
My question is should it not be As... As

The as.. as idiom is missing and A is correct hovv and vvhy?

Please explain anything vvith as must have as at the end of it

hovv is this right besides it only being correct in the structure


One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.


management decisions have at least as great an impact

decisions by management have a great impact

manager decisions impact greatly

decisions by a company’s management impact greatly

what a company’s management decides has a greater impact
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New post 09 Jul 2012, 04:15
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underlining has been done; Now to the topic: If I have understood the issue raised here,

There isn’t a meaning change nor grammatical flaw in not using the second comparator -as- in this case, because of reasons of brevity. If you have to say as great an impact as, then you have to add another full clause, which will tend to be as follows.

management decisions have at least as great an impact as do government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates

This renders the choice unwieldy, while the elliptical version conveys the same meaning as effectively. In other words, meaning and concision prevail over mere structure of idiom in this case

There are simple cases, where the second as can be missed without losing grammar. For eg:

I am six-foot and my brother is as tall
My wife is a great singer and my cousin sings as nicely
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2012, 04:48
venmic wrote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.


A. management decisions have at least as great an impact

B. decisions by management have a great impact

C. manager decisions impact greatly

D. decisions by a company’s management impact greatly

E. what a company’s management decides has a greater impact


The word although causes us to expect a contrast. B, C, and D do not provide the expected contrast. In fact, they don't draw any connection between the second clause and the first. It is also worth noting that C and D result in the phrase impact greatly on. As a verb, impact is not generally followed by on. As a noun, impact is often followed by on. Answer choices A, B, and E use impact as a noun and result in the appropriate usage (because on will be the very next word no matter what). However, B was already eliminated, so only A and E remain as viable options. Option choice E contains what a company's management decides, which is a wordier way of saying management decisions. Therefore, A is the best option.

It is not a rule that a comparison using as must use a second as, especially when although introduces a contrast. For example,
Although Jake set the school record in the 100-meter dash, I run twice as fast.
Adding as he or as he is to the end of the sentence would be redundant.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2012, 23:58
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this is of the form : Although X............., Y

First split :

1. Y ..........impact greatly on a performance.

2. Y........... has an impact on a peroformance

which one would u zone in on ----, Guess 2 : thus C&D eliminated.

Left with A / B / E : Now 2nd split


B : Decisions by management.......................... : we can rule this out with an iron fist ------ decisions of management wld have been more apt and not its BY cousin.

Left with A n E :

A : management decisions................................HAS/HAVE an impact

E : what a company's management..................HAS/HAVE an impact

thus it boils down to : management decisions VS what a company's mangement...........

guess now we can spot on A even if we forget all grammar rules.

Leading to A, my take.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2013, 10:45
The focus is on to say that the management decisions have at least as great an impact as other factors mentioned therein. This –at least as great an impact (if not more) is the pith that should be carried through, if the choice has to be correct. You may notice that except Choice A, none other faithfully carries this grain.
B generally calls it a great impact. C and D simply say decisions impact greatly. E is antithetical in that it describes as great impact as greater impact. So A for maintaining fidelity.
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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2013, 03:39
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mun23 wrote:
One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

(A)management decisions have at least as great an impact
(B)decisions by management have a great impact
(C)manager decisions impact greatly
(D)decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
(E)what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

Need explanation of right answer choice&every wrong answer choices


Hi mun23,

The word "although" marks a contrast; so, in this sentence we have to make sure that the contrasting elements should be parallel logically and grammatically.

To understand the structure of the sentence lets first cut short the sentence and recognize the elements that are being used to represent a contrast.

One study found that although government policy and the industrial sectorin which a company operates can influence its productivityand financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impacton a company’s performance.

i.e Although government policy and the industrial sector can influence ,management decisions have at least as great an impact

The elements that are being contrasted are "government policy and industrial sector" and "management decisions"

Both these structures are grammatically and logically parallel. Moreover "great impact on" is much better idiomatically than "impact greatly on"

(A)management decisions have at least as great an impact

Correct because of the reasons mentioned above.

(B)decisions by management have a great impact

The usage of "decisions by management" is not incorrect, but less preferred than the parallel construction "management decisions". "have a great impact on" changes the meaning of the original sentence. Original sentence means that "management decisions" have "at least as great" means the impact is equal to or greater than, whereas (B) says just "a great impact", no comparison here.

(C)manager decisions impact greatly

awkwardly uses "manager" to modify "decisions";"great impact on" is much better idiomatically than "impact greatly on"

(D)decisions by a company’s management impact greatly

Like (B), (D) uses a less parallel structure "decisions by a company’s management" than parallel "management decisions".
"impact greatly on" less preferred as in (C) above.


(E)what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

"greater impact" changes the comparison used in the original sentence, "at least as great"

Hope this helps,

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Re: One study found that although government policy and the industrial sec  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2013, 08:09
aditya111 wrote:
How can we confirm that E changes the intended meaning. Cant it be that E is the intended meaning by implying that Company's management has a greater impact and not the same or greater impact???

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Hi aditya111,
If you carefully study this problem, you will see that none of the answer choices are grammatically incorrect. In their grammatical structure, they are all correct. However, the removal of “at least as great an impact” makes all the other answer choices logically incorrect as they fail to communicate the indicated meaning.

The intended meaning is derived from the original sentence. Almost every original sentence conveys the intended LOGICAL meaning through correct or incorrect grammatical structure. If the original sentence does not convey the LOGICAL meaning, then we need to do a thorough PoE to find out the choice that stands grammatically as well as logically sound.

One study found that although government policy and the industrial sector in which a company operates can influence its productivity and financial strength, management decisions have at least as great an impact on a company’s performance.

(A)management decisions have at least as great an impact
(B)decisions by management have a great impact
(C)manager decisions impact greatly
(D)decisions by a company’s management impact greatly
(E)what a company’s management decides has a greater impact

In this sentence, the original choice clearly says that the impact of “managerial decisions” is as great as government policy and the industrial sector. This factor does not impact more greatly than the other factors. This is the reason why all the other answer choices (B. C, D, E) distorts the intended meaning.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks
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