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One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil

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One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil [#permalink]

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One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil prices should eventually lead to lowering interest rates, as well as lowering fears about inflation, a rally in stocks and bonds, and a weakening of the dollar.

(A) lowering interest rates, as well as lowering fears about inflation,
(B) a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation,
(C) a lowering of interest rates, along with fears about inflation,
(D) interest rates being lowered, along with fears about inflation,
(E) interest rates and fears about inflation being lowered, with
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by ankurgupta03 on 10 Apr 2014, 12:03, edited 1 time in total.
added the OA

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New post 20 Aug 2006, 23:35
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I'd go with (B), because a lowering is parallel with a rally and a weakening.

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New post 21 Aug 2006, 01:11
This one is clearly between B and C....

I choose B because in C along with fears about inflation is not parallel to a rally and a weakening.....

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New post 21 Aug 2006, 01:15
a drop in X should lead to a lowering in Y~

(B) is better than C because both interest rates and fears are being lowered.

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New post 21 Aug 2006, 06:01
GMATT73 wrote:
a drop in X should lead to a lowering in Y~

(B) is better than C because both interest rates and fears are being lowered.

OA is B.
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New post 25 Jul 2007, 11:11
goin with B..

PS-Dhayia...come on now that was an easy one...one would expect a tough SC from you... :)

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New post 25 Jul 2007, 11:37
fresinha12 wrote:
goin with B..

PS-Dhayia...come on now that was an easy one...one would expect a tough SC from you... :)


These are very old posts :-D

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New post 25 Jul 2007, 23:17
Between B and C, I chose B.

Along with was unnecessary. and was better.

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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2012, 16:11
b
this is parallelism. and we must parallel lowering to a rally and a weakening, which B does.
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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2013, 07:12
THe correct answer here is B.

However i am confused how come below 2 clauses are parallel

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

1 and 3 are parallel, but 1 and 2 is not. Shouldn't 2 be a 'rallying stocks and bonds' for it to be parallel?
Please help to clarify. Thanks in advance.

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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2013, 16:43
ankur1901 wrote:
THe correct answer here is B.

However i am confused how come below 2 clauses are parallel

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

1 and 3 are parallel, but 1 and 2 is not. Shouldn't 2 be a 'rallying stocks and bonds' for it to be parallel?
Please help to clarify. Thanks in advance.

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Hi Ankur,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :)

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

First of all, just a correction in understanding here. These three entities are not clauses. they are phrases. Clauses must have Subjects and Verbs. None of these entities have a Subject or a Verb. So they are all phrases.

Now, if you carefully notice, the last two entities in the parallel list lie in the non-underlined portion of the sentence. That means they are correct. here itself we see that entity two - a proper noun entity - is parallel to entity three - a verb-ing of noun entity. So this is accepted in GMAT. Why? The answer to that is verb-ing noun form of a word acts as a noun only (gerund, if you are more familiar with this term), and hence a two noun entities are grammatically parallel.

Now, here one thing we must pay attention to that is the verb-ing word must be a noun form of a word in order to be grammatically parallel to another noun entity. In case, the verb-ing word is a modifier then it CANNOT be grammatically parallel to a noun entity. This is the case with the original official sentence.

This error has been rectified in choice B.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2014, 01:35
Why is option C wrong?
c: a lowering of interest rates, along with fears about inflation
thanks in advance

egmat wrote:
ankur1901 wrote:
THe correct answer here is B.

However i am confused how come below 2 clauses are parallel

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

1 and 3 are parallel, but 1 and 2 is not. Shouldn't 2 be a 'rallying stocks and bonds' for it to be parallel?
Please help to clarify. Thanks in advance.

Posted from my mobile device


Hi Ankur,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :)

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

First of all, just a correction in understanding here. These three entities are not clauses. they are phrases. Clauses must have Subjects and Verbs. None of these entities have a Subject or a Verb. So they are all phrases.

Now, if you carefully notice, the last two entities in the parallel list lie in the non-underlined portion of the sentence. That means they are correct. here itself we see that entity two - a proper noun entity - is parallel to entity three - a verb-ing of noun entity. So this is accepted in GMAT. Why? The answer to that is verb-ing noun form of a word acts as a noun only (gerund, if you are more familiar with this term), and hence a two noun entities are grammatically parallel.

Now, here one thing we must pay attention to that is the verb-ing word must be a noun form of a word in order to be grammatically parallel to another noun entity. In case, the verb-ing word is a modifier then it CANNOT be grammatically parallel to a noun entity. This is the case with the original official sentence.

This error has been rectified in choice B.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha

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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2014, 06:40
C is wrong because "a lowering of interest rates, along with fears about inflation" is not parallel. While in B: a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation are parallel.


divineacclivity wrote:
Why is option C wrong?
c: a lowering of interest rates, along with fears about inflation
thanks in advance

egmat wrote:
ankur1901 wrote:
THe correct answer here is B.

However i am confused how come below 2 clauses are parallel

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

1 and 3 are parallel, but 1 and 2 is not. Shouldn't 2 be a 'rallying stocks and bonds' for it to be parallel?
Please help to clarify. Thanks in advance.

Posted from my mobile device


Hi Ankur,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :)

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

First of all, just a correction in understanding here. These three entities are not clauses. they are phrases. Clauses must have Subjects and Verbs. None of these entities have a Subject or a Verb. So they are all phrases.

Now, if you carefully notice, the last two entities in the parallel list lie in the non-underlined portion of the sentence. That means they are correct. here itself we see that entity two - a proper noun entity - is parallel to entity three - a verb-ing of noun entity. So this is accepted in GMAT. Why? The answer to that is verb-ing noun form of a word acts as a noun only (gerund, if you are more familiar with this term), and hence a two noun entities are grammatically parallel.

Now, here one thing we must pay attention to that is the verb-ing word must be a noun form of a word in order to be grammatically parallel to another noun entity. In case, the verb-ing word is a modifier then it CANNOT be grammatically parallel to a noun entity. This is the case with the original official sentence.

This error has been rectified in choice B.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha

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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil [#permalink]

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divineacclivity wrote:
Why is option C wrong?
c: a lowering of interest rates, along with fears about inflation
thanks in advance

egmat wrote:
ankur1901 wrote:
THe correct answer here is B.

However i am confused how come below 2 clauses are parallel

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

1 and 3 are parallel, but 1 and 2 is not. Shouldn't 2 be a 'rallying stocks and bonds' for it to be parallel?
Please help to clarify. Thanks in advance.

Posted from my mobile device


Hi Ankur,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. :)

1. a lowering of interest rates and of fears about inflation
2. a rally in stocks and bonds
3. and a weakening of the dollar

First of all, just a correction in understanding here. These three entities are not clauses. they are phrases. Clauses must have Subjects and Verbs. None of these entities have a Subject or a Verb. So they are all phrases.

Now, if you carefully notice, the last two entities in the parallel list lie in the non-underlined portion of the sentence. That means they are correct. here itself we see that entity two - a proper noun entity - is parallel to entity three - a verb-ing of noun entity. So this is accepted in GMAT. Why? The answer to that is verb-ing noun form of a word acts as a noun only (gerund, if you are more familiar with this term), and hence a two noun entities are grammatically parallel.

Now, here one thing we must pay attention to that is the verb-ing word must be a noun form of a word in order to be grammatically parallel to another noun entity. In case, the verb-ing word is a modifier then it CANNOT be grammatically parallel to a noun entity. This is the case with the original official sentence.

This error has been rectified in choice B.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha



Hi divineacclivity,

Thank you for the post. :)

Let’s do the sentence structure and meaning analysis for the original sentence and option C to find out why option C is wrong.


ORIGINAL SENTENCE

One view of the economy contends
o that a large drop in oil prices should eventually lead to
• lowering interest rates, as well as lowering fears about inflation,
• a rally in stocks and bonds,
• and a weakening of the dollar.

As shown, the drop in oil prices should lead to three things:

1. i) lowering interest rates
ii) as well as lowering fears about inflation

2. a rally in stocks and bonds

3. and a weakening of the dollar.


Now, let’s do the same for option C.


OPTION C

One view of the economy contends
o that a large drop in oil prices should eventually lead to
• a lowering of interest rates, along with fears about inflation,
• a rally in stocks and bonds,
• and a weakening of the dollar.

According to this option, the drop in oil prices should lead to three things:

1. i) a lowering of interest rates,
ii) along with fears about inflation

2. a rally in stocks and bonds

3. and a weakening of the dollar.


This choice says that a drop in oil prices will eventually lead to fears about inflation. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence. This change in the meaning happens since “of interest rates” is not parallel to “along with fears about inflation”. Let’s now see how this parallelism is correctly maintained in option B.



OPTION B


One view of the economy contends
o that a large drop in oil prices should eventually lead to
• a lowering
o of interest rates
o and of fears about inflation,
• a rally in stocks and bonds,
• and a weakening of the dollar.

In this option, “of interest rates” is parallel to “of fears about inflation”. So, the lowering effect is applicable on both.


Hope the above discussion helps! :)
Regards,

Deepak.
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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2016, 21:18
i am just thinking that theoretically, a lowering rates will probably lead to inflation, right? little bit confused. Do we need to consider this problem?

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One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2016, 14:33
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bjh wrote:
i am just thinking that theoretically, a lowering rates will probably lead to inflation, right? little bit confused. Do we need to consider this problem?


Not sure whether I understood your query correctly - the parallelism structure is as follows:

Drop in oil prices will lead to:
1. Lowering
1a. lowering of interest rates
1b. lowering of fears
2. Rally
3. Weakening

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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2016, 02:32
sayantanc2k wrote:
bjh wrote:
i am just thinking that theoretically, a lowering rates will probably lead to inflation, right? little bit confused. Do we need to consider this problem?


Not sure whether I understood your query correctly - the parallelism structure is as follows:

Drop in oil prices will lead to:
1. Lowering
1a. lowering of interest rates
1b. lowering of fears
2. Rally
3. Weakening


thanks! It's pretty clear now! :P

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Re: One view of the economy contends that a large drop in oil   [#permalink] 21 Nov 2016, 02:32
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