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# Opponents of the proposed water desalination plant cite

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Manager
Joined: 01 Apr 2018
Posts: 124
Location: India
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.9
Opponents of the proposed water desalination plant cite  [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2018, 08:24
1
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

81% (00:49) correct 19% (00:51) wrong based on 121 sessions

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Opponents of the proposed water desalination plant cite the environmental impact and the tremendous cost as being reasons not to approve the plan.

A. as being reasons not to
B. to be reasons not to
C. as if they were reasons not to
D. for reasons that they should not
E. as reasons not to

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Re: Opponents of the proposed water desalination plant cite  [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2018, 10:47
tarunanandani wrote:
Opponents of the proposed water desalination plant cite the environmental impact and the tremendous cost as being reasons not to approve the plan.

A. as being reasons not to
B. to be reasons not to
C. as if they were reasons not to
D. for reasons that they should not
E. as reasons not to

Consider X as Y is correct idiomatic usage, hence answer must be (E)
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Joined: 10 Mar 2018
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Re: Opponents of the proposed water desalination plant cite  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2018, 02:51
I am not able to understand why B is wrong
Senior Manager
Joined: 14 Feb 2018
Posts: 388
Re: Opponents of the proposed water desalination plant cite  [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2018, 03:36
1
B is wrong because it uses "to be". "Cite as" is the correct idiom.

Opponents of the proposed water desalination plant cite **the environmental impact and the tremendous cost** as being reasons not to approve the plan.

Just forget about the starred part for some time. Now see .... Cite as reasons or cite to be reasons, which is correct ??Cite as.

Moreover, to be is often wrong on GMAT. We use it while speaking but is actually not the right way to say.

E is more concise than A, which uses "being". Thus, E is right.

Hope this helps. Regards

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Joined: 04 Oct 2018
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Opponents of the proposed water desalination plant cite  [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2019, 23:27
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

The idiom “x is cited as y” can also be phrased “cite x as y,” as in this sentence. However, the original sentence incorrectly introduces the unnecessary verb “being.” (A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) This choice does not use the correct idiom “cite x as y,” instead introducing the unidiomatic form “cite x to be y.”
(C) This choice does not use the correct idiom “cite x as y,” instead introducing the unidiomatic form “cite x as if they were y.” In addition, the phrase “as if they were” properly refers only to hypothetical situations rather than the concrete example in this sentence.
(D) This choice does not use the correct idiom “cite x as y,” instead introducing
the unidiomatic form “cite x for y.” In addition, the phrasing “that they should not” is unnecessarily more wordy than “not to.”
(E) CORRECT. This choice uses the correct idiom “cite x as y.”
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Opponents of the proposed water desalination plant cite   [#permalink] 30 Mar 2019, 23:27
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