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Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT

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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
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Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2018, 18:59
[Math Revolution GMAT math practice question]

Is xy>0?

1) x+y>0
2) |x|+|y|<1

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

Since we have 2 variables (x and y) and 0 equations, C is most likely to be the answer. So, we should consider conditions 1) & 2) together first. After comparing the number of variables and the number of equations, we can save time by considering conditions 1) & 2) together first.

Conditions 1) & 2)
If x = 1/2 and y = 1/4, then xy > 0 and the answer is ‘yes’.
If x = 1/2 and y = -(1/4), then xy < 0 and the answer is ‘no’.

Since the answer is not unique, both conditions are not sufficient, when taken together.

Therefore, E is the answer.
Answer: E
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Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2018, 13:00
Please tell me the pattern most which is most recently applied in Gmat.
Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
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Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2018, 19:59
[Math Revolution GMAT math practice question] 7

What is the units digit of (3^101)(7^103)?

A. 1
B. 3
C. 5
D. 7
E. 9

=>

The units digit is the remainder when (3^101)(7^103) is divided by 10.

The remainders when powers of 3 are divided by 10 are
3^1: 3,
3^2: 9,
3^3: 7,
3^4: 1,
3^5: 3,

So, the units digits of 3^n have period 4:
They form the cycle 3 -> 9 -> 7 -> 1.
Thus, 3^n has the units digit of 3 if n has a remainder of 1 when it is divided by 4.
The remainder when 101 is divided by 4 is 1, so the units digit of 3^101 is 3.

The remainders when powers of 7 are divided by 10 are
7^1: 7,
7^2: 9,
7^3: 3,
7^4: 1,
7^5: 7,

So, the units digits of 7^n have period 4:
They form the cycle 7 -> 9 -> 3 -> 1.
Thus, 7^n has the units digit of 3 if n has a remainder of 3 when it is divided by 4.
The remainder when 103 is divided by 4 is 3, so the units digit of 7^103 is 3.

Thus, the units digit of (3^101)(7^103) is 3*3 = 9.

Therefore, the answer is E.
Answer: E
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Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2018, 18:40
[Math Revolution GMAT math practice question]

Is n an odd number?

1) n is the sum of 2 prime numbers
2) n is a multiple of 11

=>
Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

Since we have 1 variable (n) and 0 equations, D is most likely to be the answer. So, we should consider each of the conditions on their own first.

Condition 1)
If n = 2 + 3, then n = 5 is odd and the answer is ‘yes’.
If n = 3 + 5, then n = 8 is even and the answer is ‘no’.
Since we don’t have a unique solution, condition 1) is not sufficient.

Condition 2)
If n = 11, then n is odd and the answer is ‘yes’.
If n = 22, then n is even and the answer is ‘no’.
Since we don’t have a unique solution, condition 2) is not sufficient.

Conditions 1) & 2)
If n = 2 + 31, then n = 33 is odd and the answer is ‘yes’.
If n = 13 + 31, then n = 44 is even and the answer is ‘no’
Since we don’t have a unique solution, both conditions 1) and 2) are not sufficient, when taken together.

Therefore, E is the answer.

Answer: E
If the original condition includes “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations” etc., one more equation is required to answer the question. If each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation, there is a 59% chance that D is the answer, a 38% chance that A or B is the answer, and a 3% chance that the answer is C or E. Thus, answer D (conditions 1) and 2), when applied separately, are sufficient to answer the question) is most likely, but there may be cases where the answer is A,B,C or E.
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Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2018, 18:13
[Math Revolution GMAT math practice question]

If r is a positive integer, n=^r3 and 4,14, and 27 are factors of n, which of the following must be a factor of n?

A. 16
B. 32
C. 36
D. 48
E. 64

=>

Since 4 = 2^2,14 = 2*7, 27 = 3^3 are factors of n and n is a perfect cube, the smallest possible value of n is 2^3*3^3*7^3.

When n = 2^3*3^3*7^3, 16 = 2^4, 32 = 2^5, 48=2^4*3 and 64 = 2^6 can’t be factors of n. The only answer choice that is a factor of n is 36 = 2^2*3^2.


Therefore, the answer is C.
Answer: C
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Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
User avatar
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Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6219
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Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2018, 18:25
[Math Revolution GMAT math practice question]

x=?

1) x^3+x^2+x=0
2) x=-2x

=>

Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution.

Since we have 1 variable (x) and 0 equations, D is most likely to be the answer. So, we should consider each of the conditions on their own first.

Condition 1)
x^3+x^2+x=0
=> x(x^2+x+1)=0
=> x = 0 since x^2+x+1 ≠ 0
Condition 1) is sufficient.

Condition 2)
x = -2x
=> 3x = 0
=> x = 0
Condition 2) is sufficient.

Therefore, D is the answer.
Answer: D

If the original condition includes “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations” etc., one more equation is required to answer the question. If each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation, there is a 59% chance that D is the answer, a 38% chance that A or B is the answer, and a 3% chance that the answer is C or E. Thus, answer D (conditions 1) and 2), when applied separately, are sufficient to answer the question) is most likely, but there may be cases where the answer is A,B,C or E.
_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $99 for 3 month Online Course"
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"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Re: Overview of GMAT Math Question Types and Patterns on the GMAT &nbs [#permalink] 17 Sep 2018, 18:25

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