GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

 It is currently 26 Jan 2020, 16:47

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Pack 6 Q1: According to a Swedish study...

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 820
Pack 6 Q1: According to a Swedish study...  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Dec 2019, 15:30
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

85% (01:19) correct 15% (01:18) wrong based on 103 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Pack 6, Question 1 of 5:

According to a Swedish study, it is sixty times as likely that parachutists who participate in extreme sports will die from a BASE jump as they are from skydiving.

A. it is sixty times as likely that parachutists who participate in extreme sports will die from a BASE jump as they are
B. it is sixty times more likely for parachutists who participate in extreme sports to die from a BASE jump than they are
C. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times more likely to die from a BASE jump as
D. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times as likely to die from a BASE jump as it is for them
E. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times more likely to die from a BASE jump than

◀ Pack 5, Question 5
▶ Pack 6, Question 2 COMING SOON!
⏏ Question Pack Home

48 Hour Window To Win An \$85 EMPOWERgmat Tuition Credit (1 Month Free!)
Share your explanation! The GMAT Club member with the most verified Kudos in total on the 5 question SC Block 6 question pack will win an \$85 EMPOWERgmat tuition credit, which will entitle the winner to a full month of complete access to the EMPOWERgmat system. Even if you're not sure about your answer or your rationale, share your explanation to help boost your learning and earn a chance to win.

To be eligible, your explanation must:
be submitted within the 48 hour window after this post was created
should explain your reasoning why the answer you chose is correct, and why the other 4 options are incorrect within 48 hours of this post

The OA and official explanation will be held until the 48 hour window has lapsed.

_________________
"Students study. GMAT assassins train."

The Course Used By GMAT Club Moderators To Earn 750+

souvik101990 Score: 760 Q50 V42 ★★★★★
ENGRTOMBA2018 Score: 750 Q49 V44 ★★★★★
Manager
Joined: 31 Oct 2015
Posts: 95
Pack 6 Q1: According to a Swedish study...  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Dec 2019, 16:42
1
1
According to a Swedish study, it is sixty times as likely that parachutists who participate in extreme sports will die from a BASE jump as they are from skydiving.

The correct idiom is as likely X as Y or X more than Y.

A. it is sixty times as likely that parachutists who participate in extreme sports will die from a BASE jump as they are
GMAT does not prefer a sentence starting with it. Pronouns like "it" are usually placeholders for nouns.

B. it is sixty times more likely for parachutists who participate in extreme sports to die from a BASE jump than they are
Same as A

C. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times more likely to die from a BASE jump as
More should be followed by than

D. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times as likely to die from a BASE jump as it is for them
Same issue as A & B, it is usually a placeholder for noun.

E. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times more likely to die from a BASE jump than
Rewriting the complete comparison,
parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times more likely to die from a BASE jump than <parachutists who participate in extreme sports are likely to die> from skydiving.
If the subject/doer and verb phrase are same on both sides of comparison , we don't have to repeat them in the second half of comparison for simplicity

Senior Manager
Joined: 22 Feb 2018
Posts: 450
Re: Pack 6 Q1: According to a Swedish study...  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Dec 2019, 04:31
1
According to a Swedish study, it is sixty times as likely that parachutists who participate in extreme sports will die from a BASE jump as they are from skydiving.

Meaning: According to some study, the death ratio of parachutists who participate in extreme sports from BASE jump is sixty times as compared to skydiving.

A. it is sixty times as likely that parachutists who participate in extreme sports will die from a BASE jump as they are - pronoun reference error; usage of they is nonsensical. as likely is unidiomatic expression.
B. it is sixty times more likely for parachutists who participate in extreme sports to die from a BASE jump than they are - Incorrect connector error. ...more ...than... is correct one.
C. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times more likely to die from a BASE jump as - more ...as... unidiomatic expression.
D. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times as likely to die from a BASE jump as it is for them - usage of as likely....as distorts the meaning as. ...it is for them is distorting the meaning due to pronoun error.
E. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times more likely to die from a BASE jump than - correct elegant structure and conveys the meaning clearly.

P.S. Minimize the usage of pronouns on the right side of second comparison words e.g. more...than pronoun though it's not hard and fast rule.
Manager
Joined: 26 Jun 2019
Posts: 58
Location: India
GPA: 2.7
Re: Pack 6 Q1: According to a Swedish study...  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Dec 2019, 08:36
You must focus as likely as or more likely than form which is perfectly followed only in the last option.
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 820
Re: Pack 6 Q1: According to a Swedish study...  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Dec 2019, 16:22
1
Official Explanation

According to a Swedish study, it is sixty times as likely that parachutists who participate in extreme sports will die from a BASE jump as they are from skydiving.

it is sixty times as likely that parachutists who participate in extreme sports will die from a BASE jump as they are
it is sixty times more likely for parachutists who participate in extreme sports to die from a BASE jump than they are
parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times more likely to die from a BASE jump as
parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times as likely to die from a BASE jump as it is for them
parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times more likely to die from a BASE jump than

A quick glance at our answer choices reveal two different splits. One is how the clause is started—either with the noun “parachutists” or the pronoun “it.” The other split is choosing between “as likely” and “more likely.”

Let’s consider the pronoun first. If we start the clause with “it,” our sentence would read, “According to a Swedish study, it is sixty times as likely . . .” Who or what is it? Before using a pronoun, a clear antecedent (the noun the pronoun is standing in for) must be established. We have no antecedent in this situation, so starting with the pronoun means our sentence lacks clarity. Clarity is key. Options A and B cannot be the best answers.

Now, let’s consider the as likely/more likely issue. By themselves, as likely and more likely are both correct, but where the idiom comes into play is how these comparisons are closed. “More likely” is always paired with “than” and is never paired with “as.” “More likely than” is correct. “More likely as” is incorrect. “As likely” is always paired with “as” and is never paired with “than.” “As likely as” is correct. “As likely than” is incorrect. Option C cannot be the correct answer.

Now we have to choose between options “as likely as” and “more likely than.” Typically, the GMAT prefers that a phrase such as “sixty times” be paired with “as likely,” but don’t automatically assume that is correct. Review both answer choices thoroughly.

Option D would read “parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times as likely to die from a BASE jump as it is for them from skydiving.” That’s nonsensical. So even though this option uses the preferred “as likely” with “times,” Option D cannot be the best answer. The best option will make sense!

Option E correctly uses “more likely” with “than,” and the sentence is clear and makes sense. Option E is the best answer.
_________________
"Students study. GMAT assassins train."

The Course Used By GMAT Club Moderators To Earn 750+

souvik101990 Score: 760 Q50 V42 ★★★★★
ENGRTOMBA2018 Score: 750 Q49 V44 ★★★★★
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 820
Re: Pack 6 Q1: According to a Swedish study...  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Dec 2019, 16:26
suchithra wrote:
According to a Swedish study, it is sixty times as likely that parachutists who participate in extreme sports will die from a BASE jump as they are from skydiving.

The correct idiom is as likely X as Y or X more than Y.

A. it is sixty times as likely that parachutists who participate in extreme sports will die from a BASE jump as they are
GMAT does not prefer a sentence starting with it. Pronouns like "it" are usually placeholders for nouns.

B. it is sixty times more likely for parachutists who participate in extreme sports to die from a BASE jump than they are
Same as A

C. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times more likely to die from a BASE jump as
More should be followed by than

D. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times as likely to die from a BASE jump as it is for them
Same issue as A & B, it is usually a placeholder for noun.

E. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times more likely to die from a BASE jump than
Rewriting the complete comparison,
parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times more likely to die from a BASE jump than <parachutists who participate in extreme sports are likely to die> from skydiving.
If the subject/doer and verb phrase are same on both sides of comparison , we don't have to repeat them in the second half of comparison for simplicity

Well done, suchithra! You cracked the code on this one, and I enjoyed your explanations for each option.

There isn't anything wrong with using pronoun "it" on the GMAT as long as you can clearly tie the pronoun back to a previous noun. For this sentence, the pronoun "it" isn't really clear enough to be there, so we chose sentences that used "parachutists" instead. Good catch!

Kudos to you!
_________________
"Students study. GMAT assassins train."

The Course Used By GMAT Club Moderators To Earn 750+

souvik101990 Score: 760 Q50 V42 ★★★★★
ENGRTOMBA2018 Score: 750 Q49 V44 ★★★★★
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 820
Re: Pack 6 Q1: According to a Swedish study...  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Dec 2019, 16:28
Raxit85 wrote:
According to a Swedish study, it is sixty times as likely that parachutists who participate in extreme sports will die from a BASE jump as they are from skydiving.

Meaning: According to some study, the death ratio of parachutists who participate in extreme sports from BASE jump is sixty times as compared to skydiving.

A. it is sixty times as likely that parachutists who participate in extreme sports will die from a BASE jump as they are - pronoun reference error; usage of they is nonsensical. as likely is unidiomatic expression.
B. it is sixty times more likely for parachutists who participate in extreme sports to die from a BASE jump than they are - Incorrect connector error. ...more ...than... is correct one.
C. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times more likely to die from a BASE jump as - more ...as... unidiomatic expression.
D. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times as likely to die from a BASE jump as it is for them - usage of as likely....as distorts the meaning as. ...it is for them is distorting the meaning due to pronoun error.
E. parachutists who participate in extreme sports are sixty times more likely to die from a BASE jump than - correct elegant structure and conveys the meaning clearly.

P.S. Minimize the usage of pronouns on the right side of second comparison words e.g. more...than pronoun though it's not hard and fast rule.

Well done, Raxit85! Another great breakdown of how to answer the GMAT SC questions!

Kudos to you!
_________________
"Students study. GMAT assassins train."

The Course Used By GMAT Club Moderators To Earn 750+

souvik101990 Score: 760 Q50 V42 ★★★★★
ENGRTOMBA2018 Score: 750 Q49 V44 ★★★★★
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 820
Re: Pack 6 Q1: According to a Swedish study...  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Dec 2019, 16:30
Tushrgupta wrote:
You must focus as likely as or more likely than form which is perfectly followed only in the last option.

Thanks for the breakdown, Tushrgupta!

Keep in mind that if you'd like to participate in our contest, you'll have to give an explanation why each option is correct/incorrect. Looking forward to seeing more great explanations from you on the rest of our questions!
_________________
"Students study. GMAT assassins train."

The Course Used By GMAT Club Moderators To Earn 750+

souvik101990 Score: 760 Q50 V42 ★★★★★
ENGRTOMBA2018 Score: 750 Q49 V44 ★★★★★
Re: Pack 6 Q1: According to a Swedish study...   [#permalink] 04 Dec 2019, 16:30
Display posts from previous: Sort by