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# Passage of the Day - (Set 2)

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Passage of the Day - (Set 2)  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 19 Feb 2017, 06:55
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

100% (00:27) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 12 sessions

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This is Set 2 of Passage of the Day series. You may find Set 1 here - https://gmatclub.com/forum/passage-of-t ... l#p1799721

Passage for Feb 16

The passage for the next few days will entail a single long passage, but I will not serve all the parts to you together. I will discuss the responses for a group of parts together. Here is the first part of the passage:

Quote:
Another view that is widespread among affluent First World people, but which they will rarely express openly, is that they themselves are managing just fine at carrying on with their lifestyles despite all those environmental problems, which fall primarily on Third World people.

Question

What can be inferred from the passage?
1. Environmental problems do not concern affluent First World people.
2. Environmental problems mainly concern Third World people.

A. Both 1 and 2
B. Only 1
C. Only 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

Regards,
Payal
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Originally posted by egmat on 16 Feb 2017, 12:24.
Last edited by egmat on 19 Feb 2017, 06:55, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Passage of the Day - (Set 2)  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 10:13
As per the paragraph, the environmental problems are a concern for affluent people as well but they are able to manage these problems.

Most problems are faced by the third world nations.

So, my answer: C (i.e. Only 2. Environment problems mainly concern third world people).
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Re: Passage of the Day - (Set 2)  [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2017, 07:02
SMendiratta wrote:
As per the paragraph, the environmental problems are a concern for affluent people as well but they are able to manage these problems.

Most problems are faced by the third world nations.

So, my answer: C (i.e. Only 2. Environment problems mainly concern third world people).

Thanks SMendiratta for your response. Please note that I made a small edit in the passage. So let me know if you would like to change your response in the light of the same. As such after reviewing your reasoning, I do not believe that the edit will get in the way.

Here is the edit by the way
..., which really don’t concern them because the problems fall mainly on Third World people.
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Re: Passage of the Day - (Set 2)  [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2017, 07:08
egmat wrote:

Quote:
Another view that is widespread among affluent First World people, but which they will rarely express openly, is that they themselves are managing just fine at carrying on with their lifestyles despite all those environmental problems, which fall primarily on Third World people.

Question

What can be inferred from the passage?
1. Environmental problems do not concern affluent First World people.
2. Environmental problems mainly concern Third World people.

A. Both 1 and 2
B. Only 1
C. Only 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

Here is the answer to this question:
The correct answer is choice C - Only 2 can be inferred. Now the reasoning of it is what is interesting:
Here is the passage: Notice the blue part and the green part of this passage:

Another view that is widespread among affluent First World people, but which they will rarely express openly, is that they themselves are managing just fine at carrying on with their lifestyles despite all those environmental problems, which fall primarily on Third World people

Blue part = what the author reports as a view of some one else.
Green part = what the author states as a fact

So nothing from blue part can be inferred since that is not the author's view or fact. That is view point of some other person or group that is just being presented by the author.
So it is very important to understand what is the view of the author and what is simply being reported by the author.
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Passage of the Day - (Set 2)  [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2017, 07:15

Passage for Feb 19

Another view that is widespread among affluent First World people, but which they will rarely express openly, is that they themselves are managing just fine at carrying on with their lifestyles despite all those environmental problems, which fall primarily on Third World people.

Actually rich are not immune to environmental problems. CEOs of big First World companies eat food, drink water, breathe air, and have (or try to conceive) children, like the rest of us. While they can usually avoid problems of water quality by drinking bottled water, they find it much more difficult to avoid being exposed to the same problems of food and air quality as the rest of us. Living disproportionately high on the food chain, at levels at which toxic substances become concentrated, they are at more rather than less risk of reproductive impairment due to ingestion of or exposure to toxic materials, possibly contributing to their higher infertility rates and the increasing frequency with which they require medical assistance in conceiving.

Question

Read this passage and give your synopsis of what you understand from it. Here are some questions to answer:
1. What is the author's take on impact of environmental problems on the rich?
2. Who are the rich people?
3. Does the author agree with the view of the rich?
4. Why has the author mentioned "they can usually avoid problems of water quality by drinking bottled water"?

Looking forward to your response. As usual kudos to the person who provides optimum analysis. And can you also specify how such an exercise will help you in your verbal preparation? Which section(s) will you see an impact in?
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Re: Passage of the Day - (Set 2)  [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2017, 13:42
Reserved for solution of "Passage for Feb 19"
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Passage of the Day - Feb 21  [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2017, 13:44
Here comes Passage of the Day for Feb 21.

Passage

In his 2009 book, Darwin’s Lost World, Martin Brasier, a professor at Oxford, briskly disassembled the principle of uniformity, which broadly says that, natural laws being uniform, fossils can be best understood by studying living animals. Uniformitarianism has proved a powerful tool in many fields, Brasier admitted, but it ignores an organism’s profound interdependence with its environment. The theory breaks down in the Precambrian era, when the oceanic ecosystem was radically different.

Question 1

Which of the following does Martin Brasier believe in?
1. Uniformitarianism applies in the Precambrian era.
2. Uniformitarianism is a powerful tool in all fields.
3. Uniformitarianism is a powerful tool in some fields but it has certain downsides.

Question 2

Explain in your words why can the principle of uniformity be applied or not applied in the Precambrian era, according to Martin Brasier? As you put together your answer for this question, highlight the relevant parts of the passage.

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Re: Passage of the Day - (Set 2)  [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2017, 02:57
Passage on feb19

1)food,water and air are 3 issues raised by the author.rich people can still avoid the risk of water by drinking bottled water but are sabotaged to same or to a more extent when it comes to food and air(as they rely on food higher in the food chain).so they are more exposed to the risk of reproductive impairment.
2)first world people
3)no the author doesn't agree
4)now the author talks about bottled water to defy the statement that rich people arnt jeopardized by environmental problems.It shows how there is a view that drinking bottled water does solve the water problem but the food and air problems remain unsolved.

Sent from my SM-G600FY using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
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Passage of the Day - (Set 2)  [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2017, 04:48
Answers to passage posted on Feb21
Question 1

Which of the following does Martin Brasier believe in?
Option 3 Uniformitarianism is a powerful tool in some fields but it has certain downsides
It's evident in this part of the passage.
' Uniformitarianism has proved a powerful tool in many fields, Brasier admitted, but it ignores an organism’s profound interdependence with its environment. The theory breaks down in the Precambrian era, when the oceanic ecosystem was radically different'
.

Question2
According to Brasier,principle of uniformity can't be applied to the Precambrian era because it ignores an organism's profound interdependence with its environment.And the oceanic ecosystem was radically different in Precambrian era.
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Re: Passage of the Day - (Set 2)  [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2017, 13:48
Answers to passage posted on 19 feb

1. What is the author's take on impact of environmental problems on the rich?
ans: Rich people might have been able to avoid some problems( water quality problem), but food and air quality problem has surely affected them more than these problem have affected the rest of people, causing infertility and conception/infertility problems in in rich people.

2. Who are the rich people?
Ans: Living high on food chain, first world people.

3. Does the author agree with the view of the rich?
ans: Not entirely. They are not doing just fine ,some environmental problems do affect them.

4. Why has the author mentioned "they can usually avoid problems of water quality by drinking bottled water"?
ans: to defend himself from criticism that "ok, rich people might have been able to avoid one or two issues, but other problems have affected them more than these problems have affected rest of people."

waiting for the expert assessment.
Re: Passage of the Day - (Set 2) &nbs [#permalink] 21 Mar 2017, 13:48
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