GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 19 Jan 2019, 08:45

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in January
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
303112345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
272829303112
Open Detailed Calendar
  • FREE Quant Workshop by e-GMAT!

     January 20, 2019

     January 20, 2019

     07:00 AM PST

     07:00 AM PST

    Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score.
  • Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

     January 19, 2019

     January 19, 2019

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.

People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 565
People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 27 Dec 2018, 03:03
1
1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (01:58) correct 42% (01:45) wrong based on 42 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in doses larger than half a gram, for despite its capacity to neutralize stomach acids, calcium carbonate can increase the calcium level in the blood and thus impair kidney function. Moreover, just half a gram of it can stimulate the production of gastrin, stomach hormone that triggers acid secretion.
Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the information above?

(A) Cessation of gastrin production is a more effective method of controlling excess stomach acid than is direct neutralization of stomach acid.
(B) People who avoid taking more than half a gram of calcium carbonate are less likely than average to suffer from impaired kidney function.
(C) Doses of calcium carbonate smaller than half a gram can reduce stomach acid more effectively than much larger doses do.
(D) Half a gram of calcium carbonate can causally contribute to both the secretion and the neutralization of stomach acids.
(E) Impaired kidney function may increase the level of calcium in the blood.

Please provide explanations.

Originally posted by eyunni on 10 Dec 2007, 11:50.
Last edited by Gladiator59 on 27 Dec 2018, 03:03, edited 1 time in total.
Formatted and added OA.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 18 Oct 2007
Posts: 445
Location: USA
Schools: Tepper '11
Re: People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Dec 2007, 12:17
D, its a logic game, the first part of the information says 1/2 gram (but not more) is okay, while second part says 1/2 gram can contribute to acid secretion.

thus exactly 1/2 gram, according to the info, can both neutralize and induce acid
VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 1390
Re: People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Dec 2007, 12:36
agree with the same reasoning. i also choose D.
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 565
Re: People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Dec 2007, 19:05
Tarmac wrote:
D, its a logic game, the first part of the information says 1/2 gram (but not more) is okay, while second part says 1/2 gram can contribute to acid secretion.

thus exactly 1/2 gram, according to the info, can both neutralize and induce acid


People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in doses larger than half a gram

The above statement says that people should avoid anything more than half a gram. But it does not say that it is ok to consume half a gram or less. Correct?
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 18 Oct 2007
Posts: 445
Location: USA
Schools: Tepper '11
Re: People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Dec 2007, 22:12
Yes, but it states that it is an antacid. antacids reduce acids, when used properly. exactly .5 grams is within the realm of proper use (because it is outside the realm of improper use)

OA??
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 565
Re: People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Dec 2007, 09:52
Tarmac wrote:
Yes, but it states that it is an antacid. antacids reduce acids, when used properly. exactly .5 grams is within the realm of proper use (because it is outside the realm of improper use)

OA??


I am not convinced. Take this similar analogy. One should avoid jumping from a height of more than 1000 ft for safety reasons. Does that mean that jumping from a height of exactly 1000ft is OK? Infact, we do not even know that jumping from a height of 500ft is ok because the statement does not say that. Someone care to reason?
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 18 Oct 2007
Posts: 445
Location: USA
Schools: Tepper '11
Re: People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Dec 2007, 11:27
eyunni wrote:
Tarmac wrote:
Yes, but it states that it is an antacid. antacids reduce acids, when used properly. exactly .5 grams is within the realm of proper use (because it is outside the realm of improper use)

OA??


I am not convinced. Take this similar analogy. One should avoid jumping from a height of more than 1000 ft for safety reasons. Does that mean that jumping from a height of exactly 1000ft is OK? Infact, we do not even know that jumping from a height of 500ft is ok because the statement does not say that. Someone care to reason?


So what is your answer?

It's an antacid and it explicitly states the function is to neutralize stomach acids. So your example would be more parallel if you said jumping with a parachute from more than 1000ft is not okay. Could you then deduce that jumping from 1000ft with a parachute is okay? According to the given information, yes.
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 565
Re: People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Dec 2007, 12:19
Tarmac wrote:
eyunni wrote:
Tarmac wrote:
Yes, but it states that it is an antacid. antacids reduce acids, when used properly. exactly .5 grams is within the realm of proper use (because it is outside the realm of improper use)

OA??


I am not convinced. Take this similar analogy. One should avoid jumping from a height of more than 1000 ft for safety reasons. Does that mean that jumping from a height of exactly 1000ft is OK? Infact, we do not even know that jumping from a height of 500ft is ok because the statement does not say that. Someone care to reason?


So what is your answer?

It's an antacid and it explicitly states the function is to neutralize stomach acids. So your example would be more parallel if you said jumping with a parachute from more than 1000ft is not okay. Could you then deduce that jumping from 1000ft with a parachute is okay? According to the given information, yes.


Even with the parachute, the situation is no different. I guess it is a question of where to draw the limits of common sense. Anyway, I chose (B) but OA is D.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 18 Oct 2007
Posts: 445
Location: USA
Schools: Tepper '11
Re: People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Dec 2007, 12:48
i emerge VICTORIOUS!

btw there is a big problem with B, because it sneaks in "than average". there is no way to know how the levels of risk relate to any average. If it did not say average, then it would be a plausible answer.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 27 May 2014
Posts: 81
Re: People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jul 2014, 08:16
It never says a half a gram can neutralize in the first statement. It says that more than a half a gram can neutralize....
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 10 Jun 2014
Posts: 22
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jul 2014, 11:20
I also chose D
It was neither too extreme nor out of scope
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 04 Oct 2016
Posts: 116
Location: China
Concentration: Healthcare, Entrepreneurship
WE: Sales (Health Care)
Re: People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Dec 2016, 18:37
Tarmac wrote:
D, its a logic game, the first part of the information says 1/2 gram (but not more) is okay, while second part says 1/2 gram can contribute to acid secretion.

thus exactly 1/2 gram, according to the info, can both neutralize and induce acid

really helped by this one :-D~thx a lot
_________________

LSAT CR is driving me mad

Senior PS Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: It always seems impossible until it's done.
Joined: 16 Sep 2016
Posts: 662
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Dec 2018, 03:14
Inference type question - we will look for a statement that is 100% supported directly or indirectly by the argument.

People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in doses larger than half a gram, for despite its capacity to neutralize stomach acids, calcium carbonate can increase the calcium level in the blood and thus impair kidney function. Okay, so more than half a gram of CC is bad for kidney even though it is great antacid

Moreover, (contrast) just half a gram of it can stimulate the production of gastrin, stomach hormone that triggers acid secretion. Half a gram can trigger acid secretion Not sure if this is bad or good from point of view of neutralizing acid in the stomach.


Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the information above?

(A) Cessation of gastrin production is a more effective method of controlling excess stomach acid than is direct neutralization of stomach acid. Irrelevant asa comparison between the two events is not provided
(B) People who avoid taking more than half a gram of calcium carbonate are less likely than average to suffer from impaired kidney function. HOLD, this could be it but are we 100% sure? TRAP - discard as it is too general to be an inference from given argument
(C) Doses of calcium carbonate smaller than half a gram can reduce stomach acid more effectively than much larger doses do. Opposite - the more the better for directly neutralizing acid but there are other side effects
(D) Half a gram of calcium carbonate can causally contribute to both the secretion and the neutralization of stomach acids. BNGO - verbatim from the argument. At exactly half gram both things happen
(E) Impaired kidney function may increase the level of calcium in the blood. Opposite of what is said to happen

So (B) vs (D)...

B is more general and cannot be inferred as we need something that is supported 100% by the argument.

Hence Option (D) is our bet.

Best,
Gladi
eyunni wrote:
People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in doses larger than half a gram, for despite its capacity to neutralize stomach acids, calcium carbonate can increase the calcium level in the blood and thus impair kidney function. Moreover, just half a gram of it can stimulate the production of gastrin, stomach hormone that triggers acid secretion.
Which one of the following is most strongly supported by the information above?

(A) Cessation of gastrin production is a more effective method of controlling excess stomach acid than is direct neutralization of stomach acid.
(B) People who avoid taking more than half a gram of calcium carbonate are less likely than average to suffer from impaired kidney function.
(C) Doses of calcium carbonate smaller than half a gram can reduce stomach acid more effectively than much larger doses do.
(D) Half a gram of calcium carbonate can causally contribute to both the secretion and the neutralization of stomach acids.
(E) Impaired kidney function may increase the level of calcium in the blood.

Please provide explanations.

_________________

Regards,
Gladi



“Do. Or do not. There is no try.” - Yoda (The Empire Strikes Back)

GMAT Club Bot
People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in &nbs [#permalink] 27 Dec 2018, 03:14
Display posts from previous: Sort by

People should avoid taking the antacid calcium carbonate in

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.