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People who have a college degree tend to live

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People who have a college degree tend to live [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2014, 08:32
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People who have a college degree tend to live longer than those who do not have a college degree. This is true for both men and women, and it is true across many different ethnicities and in many different geographical regions. This phenomenon is easily explained because it has been proven that people who have attended college have lifestyles and habits that are well known to increase lifespan: they eat balanced meals, they exercise often, they consider themselves happy, and they tend to have strong relationships.

The explanation given in the argument above assumes which of the following?

A.The lifestyles and habits listed increase the lifespan of most people among different ethnicities and in different geographical regions.
B.There are other reasons that explain why someone with a college degree tends to have a longer lifespan.
C.All of the people who attend college finish and get their degree.
D.People without a college degree do not have similar lifestyles and habits to those with a college degree.
E.There are other factors that contribute to a longer lifespan than the ones listed.

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Re: People who have a college degree tend to live [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 02:43
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JarvisR wrote:
People who have a college degree tend to live longer than those who do not have a college degree. This is true for both men and women, and it is true across many different ethnicities and in many different geographical regions. This phenomenon is easily explained because it has been proven that people who have attended college have lifestyles and habits that are well known to increase lifespan: they eat balanced meals, they exercise often, they consider themselves happy, and they tend to have strong relationships.

The explanation given in the argument above assumes which of the following?

A.The lifestyles and habits listed increase the lifespan of most people among different ethnicities and in different geographical regions.
B.There are other reasons that explain why someone with a college degree tends to have a longer lifespan.
C.All of the people who attend college finish and get their degree.
D.People without a college degree do not have similar lifestyles and habits to those with a college degree.
E.There are other factors that contribute to a longer lifespan than the ones listed.


Premise:
College attend: have good habits
Conclusion: degree -> longer life
A.The lifestyles and habits listed increase the lifespan of most people among different ethnicities and in different geographical regions.
This choice weakens the conclusion.
B.There are other reasons that explain why someone with a college degree tends to have a longer lifespan.
This choice gives an alternate cause and thus weakens the conclusion.
C.All of the people who attend college finish and get their degree.
This looks like a probable assumption, but even if all the people who attend college do not get their degree, still they have those 4 good habits as they have attended college. The long life is not due to getting the degree but due to those 4 good habits.
D.People without a college degree do not have similar lifestyles and habits to those with a college degree.
This choice makes the conclusion believable and is the required assumption as in its absence the conclusion falls flat. If people who do not have a college degree also have similar lifestyles then the argument falls flat on its face.
E.There are other factors that contribute to a longer lifespan than the ones listed.
There may be other factors that contribute to longer life span but they are not discussed here as they have no co-relation to college degree, hence this choice has no ties with conclusion.
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People who have a college degree tend to live [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2017, 09:41
JarvisR wrote:
People who have a college degree tend to live longer than those who do not have a college degree. This is true for both men and women, and it is true across many different ethnicities and in many different geographical regions. This phenomenon is easily explained because it has been proven that people who have attended college have lifestyles and habits that are well known to increase lifespan: they eat balanced meals, they exercise often, they consider themselves happy, and they tend to have strong relationships.

The explanation given in the argument above assumes which of the following?

A.The lifestyles and habits listed increase the lifespan of most people among different ethnicities and in different geographical regions.
B.There are other reasons that explain why someone with a college degree tends to have a longer lifespan.
C.All of the people who attend college finish and get their degree.
D.People without a college degree do not have similar lifestyles and habits to those with a college degree.
E.There are other factors that contribute to a longer lifespan than the ones listed.


In this question the conclusion has been stated first -

Conclusion : People who have a college degree tend to live longer than those who do not have a college degree

Premise : This phenomenon is easily explained because it has been proven that people who have attended college have lifestyles and habits that are well known to increase lifespan: they eat balanced meals, they exercise often, they consider themselves happy, and they tend to have strong relationships.

Prephasing - The first thought that came in my mind was people not having college degree should not have this lifestyle, if they do, then we will have to look for another assumption, which shows the difference between the two.

Option Elimination -

A.The lifestyles and habits listed increase the lifespan of most people among different ethnicities and in different geographical regions. [ This is already mentioned in the question stem(proven that people who have attended college have lifestyles and habits that are well known to increase lifespan), thus this can't really be an assumption - and this has been generalized here, which doesn't help the conclusion in any way. ]

B.There are other reasons that explain why someone with a college degree tends to have a longer lifespan. [Out of scope - I am interested in finding THE reason for college degree living longer than those who do not have one]

C.All of the people who attend college finish and get their degree. [ Irrelevant - We are interested in people who complete and who don't have a degree]

D.People without a college degree do not have similar lifestyles and habits to those with a college degree. [ Aha! Now this matches exactly with the prephasing, and this tells us exactly why people who do not have a college do not live longer]

E.There are other factors that contribute to a longer lifespan than the ones listed. [Again Out of Scope - I am interested in finding THE reason for college degree living longer than those who do not have one]

Correct answer - D
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Re: People who have a college degree tend to live [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2018, 09:30
JarvisR wrote:
People who have a college degree tend to live longer than those who do not have a college degree. This is true for both men and women, and it is true across many different ethnicities and in many different geographical regions. This phenomenon is easily explained because it has been proven that people who have attended college have lifestyles and habits that are well known to increase lifespan: they eat balanced meals, they exercise often, they consider themselves happy, and they tend to have strong relationships.

The explanation given in the argument above assumes which of the following?

A.The lifestyles and habits listed increase the lifespan of most people among different ethnicities and in different geographical regions.
B.There are other reasons that explain why someone with a college degree tends to have a longer lifespan.
C.All of the people who attend college finish and get their degree.
D.People without a college degree do not have similar lifestyles and habits to those with a college degree.
E.There are other factors that contribute to a longer lifespan than the ones listed.



VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:




With any "best completes the passage" problem, your job is first to read the portion immediately prior to the underline to determine what role the answer choice must play. Here that portion is "this explanation can only be true if..." which sets this up as an assumption question. After all, with assumption questions the answer is a necessary premise upon which the conclusion directly depends.

Here that correct assumption that is very easy to overlook. Essentially, the argument states that the reason people with college degrees live longer than people without college degrees is that people with college degrees have these habits: they eat balanced meals, they exercise often, they consider themselves happy, and they have strong relationships. However, how do you know that people without college degrees do not have all the same habits?!? It DOES NOT say they eat MORE balanced meals, exercise MORE, consider themselves HAPPIER than people without college degrees. However, it is very easy to assume that, and many people don’t notice the lack of comparative language. Given this assumption, answer choice (D) is correct as it eliminates this big problem in the argument.

(A) is relatively easy to eliminate as the ethnicities and geographical variation are not important elements in this argument. (B) is tricky because it does the opposite – it WEAKENS the argument. If it said there are “NOT other reasons” then it would be correct. (C) is very tricky because many people notice the word play in the argument – the conclusion talks about people with college degrees but the evidence talks about people who have attended college. However this argument does not rely on the assumption that ALL people who attend finish. If a few people who attended did not finish, it has no impact on this argument at all. (E), like (B), does the opposite and actually weakens the argument. (E) would be correct if it said “There are NOT other factors…” – answer is (D).
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Re: People who have a college degree tend to live [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2018, 05:02
JarvisR wrote:
People who have a college degree tend to live longer than those who do not have a college degree. This is true for both men and women, and it is true across many different ethnicities and in many different geographical regions. This phenomenon is easily explained because it has been proven that people who have attended college have lifestyles and habits that are well known to increase lifespan: they eat balanced meals, they exercise often, they consider themselves happy, and they tend to have strong relationships.


The explanation given in the argument above assumes which of the following?

A.The lifestyles and habits listed increase the lifespan of most people among different ethnicities and in different geographical regions.

B.There are other reasons that explain why someone with a college degree tends to have a longer lifespan.

C.All of the people who attend college finish and get their degree.

D.People without a college degree do not have similar lifestyles and habits to those with a college degree.

E.There are other factors that contribute to a longer lifespan than the ones listed.


College degree = Good lifestyle

No college degree = No good lifestyle


A. Given in the passage

B. Out of scope

C. Irrelevant (Strong words)

D Correct

E. Out of scope

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Re: People who have a college degree tend to live   [#permalink] 27 May 2018, 05:02
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