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# Person without any prior knowledge of the circumstances would

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Joined: 29 Jan 2015
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Person without any prior knowledge of the circumstances would [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2017, 01:46
1
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Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

48% (00:53) correct 52% (00:50) wrong based on 151 sessions

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Person without any prior knowledge of the circumstances would have walked into the room and seen a stabbed man crouching on the sofa, whose clothes torn as if he had been attacked.

A. seen a stabbed man crouching on the sofa, whose clothes torn
B. saw a stabbed man crouching on the sofa, whose clothes were torn
C. seen a stabbed man crouching on the sofa, with clothes torn
D. seen a stabbed man crouching on the sofa, whose clothes were torn
E. seen a stabbed man crouching on the sofa, whose clothes have torn

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4667
Re: Person without any prior knowledge of the circumstances would [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2017, 13:20
2
rohan2345 wrote:
Person without any prior knowledge of the circumstances would have walked into the room and seen a stabbed man crouching on the sofa, whose clothes torn as if he had been attacked.

A. seen a stabbed man crouching on the sofa, whose clothes torn
B. saw a stabbed man crouching on the sofa, whose clothes were torn
C. seen a stabbed man crouching on the sofa, with clothes torn
D. seen a stabbed man crouching on the sofa, whose clothes were torn
E. seen a stabbed man crouching on the sofa, whose clothes have torn

Dear rohan2345,

I'm happy to respond.

I don't have a high opinion of this question. The topic is not at all like what would appear on the GMAT: rather than from an academic source, it appears to be from a thriller detective novel. Also, the structure of the SC question is very formulaic and cookbook.

Split #1: verb parallelism
we have "would have walked into the room and _____." For correct parallelism, we need "seen." Choice (B) is wrong.

What happens after the comma:
If we have the pronoun "whose," then we are starting a full clause, and need a full verb. Choice (A) just has a participle: that's incorrect. Choice (E) has the present perfect sentence, which doesn't fit in context: that choice is wrong. (D) handles this perfectly correctly.

The problem is: (C) is also perfectly correct grammatically. It's really hard to say which one, (C) or (D), is better. Whoever designed this question created a distractor that winds up being perfectly correct. This is a very poorly designed question.

If this question comes from a book, then the best thing you could do for your GMAT preparation would be to soak the book in gasoline and set it on fire.

Here's a high quality GMAT SC practice question.
What the eye sees

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

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Person without any prior knowledge of the circumstances would [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2017, 09:04
mikemcgarry here is "whose" referring to the sofa?
I guess better answer would be C.
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Re: Person without any prior knowledge of the circumstances would [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2017, 09:11
ImAnkitKaushik wrote:
mikemcgarry here is "whose" referring to the sofa?
I guess better answer would be C.

Whose can be used for people, animals or things, however here whose refers to the man
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Manager
Joined: 12 Nov 2017
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GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35
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Re: Person without any prior knowledge of the circumstances would [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2017, 09:16
Abhishek009 wrote:
ImAnkitKaushik wrote:
mikemcgarry here is "whose" referring to the sofa?
I guess better answer would be C.

Whose can be used for people, animals or things, however here whose refers to the man

If "whose" can refer to things, then how we will know that "whose" is referring to the man?
"Sofa does not have clothes" > will this help us?
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4667
Re: Person without any prior knowledge of the circumstances would [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2017, 11:14
2
ImAnkitKaushik wrote:
Abhishek009 wrote:
ImAnkitKaushik wrote:
mikemcgarry here is "whose" referring to the sofa?
I guess better answer would be C.

Whose can be used for people, animals or things, however here whose refers to the man

If "whose" can refer to things, then how we will know that "whose" is referring to the man?
"Sofa does not have clothes" > will this help us?

Dear ImAnkitKaushik,

I'm happy to respond.

First of all, keep in mind that this is a low quality SC question. The grammar in this question is atrocious: this question was written by somebody who does not understand English well. It's an absolute embarrassment.

The word "whose" is a pronoun, a relative pronoun. It begins a kind of dependent clause known as a relative clause, a particularly type of noun-modifying clause, and the antecedent of the pronoun "whose" is the target noun of the clause.

The relationship of pronoun-antecedent is very subtle, and involves factors at many levels, as is the relationship between target noun & noun modifier. The Modifier Touch Rule is a general pattern, but it has several regular exceptions. Here, the most germane exception has to do with vital noun modifiers.

Finally, my friend, remember that there is no way to arrive at GMAT SC mastery by memorizing rules. Many of the "how can we know?" questions are not answered by rules, but by deeper reflection as well as by one's intuition for the language. A non-native speaker can begin to develop this intuition only by pursuing a rigorous habit of reading. See:
How to Improve Your GMAT Verbal Score

Does all this make sense?
Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Manager
Joined: 12 Nov 2017
Posts: 109
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GMAT 1: 650 Q50 V28
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35
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Re: Person without any prior knowledge of the circumstances would [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2017, 11:38
mikemcgarry wrote:
First of all, keep in mind that this is a low quality SC question.

Thanks mikemcgarry
Re: Person without any prior knowledge of the circumstances would   [#permalink] 11 Dec 2017, 11:38
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