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# Pretzels can cause cavities. Interestingly, the longer that

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Pretzels can cause cavities. Interestingly, the longer that [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2006, 18:20
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Pretzels can cause cavities. Interestingly, the longer that a pretzel remains in contact with the teeth when it is being eaten, the greater the likelihood that a cavity will result. What is true of pretzels in this regard is also true of caramels. Therefore, since caramels dissolve more quickly in the mouth than pretzels do, eating a caramel is less likely to result in a cavity than eating a pretzel is.
The reasoning in the argument is vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument
(A) treats a correlation that holds within individual categories as thereby holding across categories as well
(B) relies on the ambiguous use of a key term
(C) makes a general claim based on particular examples that do not adequately represent the respective classes that they are each intended to represent
(D) mistakes the cause of a particular phenomenon for the effect of that phenomenon
(E) is based on premises that cannot all be true

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08 Nov 2006, 18:39
Looks like C.

Will explain if it's right.
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08 Nov 2006, 19:59
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gmacvik wrote:
Pretzels can cause cavities. Interestingly, the longer that a pretzel remains in contact with the teeth when it is being eaten, the greater the likelihood that a cavity will result. What is true of pretzels in this regard is also true of caramels. Therefore, since caramels dissolve more quickly in the mouth than pretzels do, eating a caramel is less likely to result in a cavity than eating a pretzel is.
The reasoning in the argument is vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument
(A) treats a correlation that holds within individual categories as thereby holding across categories as well
(B) relies on the ambiguous use of a key term
(C) makes a general claim based on particular examples that do not adequately represent the respective classes that they are each intended to represent
(D) mistakes the cause of a particular phenomenon for the effect of that phenomenon
(E) is based on premises that cannot all be true

Tough question. I would bet on A.

Eating Pretzels can cause cavities, and longer touch with teeth means more chances of cavities. Eating Caramels also can cause cavities, and longer touch with teeth means more chances of cavities. These are correlations in individual categories.

Caramels dissolve more quickly in the mouth than pretzels do, does not mean that caramels are less likely to cause cavities. Because, caramels might cause cavities in the short time they are in touch with teeth. Caramels may get dissolved fast, but they may be more dangerous per unit of time compared to pretzels.

Hence, the argument is right in relating in individual categories, but not right when comparing across categories (caramels and pretzels).
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08 Nov 2006, 20:29
ak_idc wrote:
gmacvik wrote:
Pretzels can cause cavities. Interestingly, the longer that a pretzel remains in contact with the teeth when it is being eaten, the greater the likelihood that a cavity will result. What is true of pretzels in this regard is also true of caramels. Therefore, since caramels dissolve more quickly in the mouth than pretzels do, eating a caramel is less likely to result in a cavity than eating a pretzel is.
The reasoning in the argument is vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument
(A) treats a correlation that holds within individual categories as thereby holding across categories as well
(B) relies on the ambiguous use of a key term
(C) makes a general claim based on particular examples that do not adequately represent the respective classes that they are each intended to represent
(D) mistakes the cause of a particular phenomenon for the effect of that phenomenon
(E) is based on premises that cannot all be true

Tough question. I would bet on A.

Eating Pretzels can cause cavities, and longer touch with teeth means more chances of cavities. Eating Caramels also can cause cavities, and longer touch with teeth means more chances of cavities. These are correlations in individual categories.

Caramels dissolve more quickly in the mouth than pretzels do, does not mean that caramels are less likely to cause cavities. Because, caramels might cause cavities in the short time they are in touch with teeth. Caramels may get dissolved fast, but they may be more dangerous per unit of time compared to pretzels.

Hence, the argument is right in relating in individual categories, but not right when comparing across categories (caramels and pretzels).

One more for A. Text book explanation!!! PLEASE tell me what you are using for CR prep. I really need some help for CR
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08 Nov 2006, 20:34
Between A and C here.

I'll take (A) for the usage of "indivual categories."
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09 Nov 2006, 04:18
A as explained above
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09 Nov 2006, 04:34
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Yes the correlation that staying longer in contact with teeth increases the likelihood that a cavity will be created holds true for pretzel. the author uses the same correlation with caramel. Therefore the criticism of the above argument is best explained by A.
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09 Nov 2006, 05:06
Go for C
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09 Nov 2006, 11:27
ak_idc wrote:
gmacvik wrote:
Pretzels can cause cavities. Interestingly, the longer that a pretzel remains in contact with the teeth when it is being eaten, the greater the likelihood that a cavity will result. What is true of pretzels in this regard is also true of caramels. Therefore, since caramels dissolve more quickly in the mouth than pretzels do, eating a caramel is less likely to result in a cavity than eating a pretzel is.
The reasoning in the argument is vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that the argument
(A) treats a correlation that holds within individual categories as thereby holding across categories as well
(B) relies on the ambiguous use of a key term
(C) makes a general claim based on particular examples that do not adequately represent the respective classes that they are each intended to represent
(D) mistakes the cause of a particular phenomenon for the effect of that phenomenon
(E) is based on premises that cannot all be true

Tough question. I would bet on A.

Eating Pretzels can cause cavities, and longer touch with teeth means more chances of cavities. Eating Caramels also can cause cavities, and longer touch with teeth means more chances of cavities. These are correlations in individual categories.

Caramels dissolve more quickly in the mouth than pretzels do, does not mean that caramels are less likely to cause cavities. Because, caramels might cause cavities in the short time they are in touch with teeth. Caramels may get dissolved fast, but they may be more dangerous per unit of time compared to pretzels.

Hence, the argument is right in relating in individual categories, but not right when comparing across categories (caramels and pretzels).

Wow)Nice explanation
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09 Nov 2006, 11:38
ak_idc, Great explanation.

I would pick A. OA please?
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26 Aug 2011, 11:20
I still don't quite get this question, can someone help me again with this one, thanks.
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26 Aug 2011, 16:17
+1 for A, my reasoning echos gmacvik's
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26 Aug 2011, 16:21
tough one between A and C. I would vote for C.
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27 Aug 2011, 00:53
I would opt for D.

The argument above is prone to serious criticism if the result as per the argument can be proved as the cause.. Do you agree?

in our case pritzels could be sticking on the teeth because of the cavities that are already there.. So a criticism like in the statement D would say pritxels are not causing cavities but cavities are causing pritzels to stick to the teeth.

Can somebody post the official answer
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27 Aug 2011, 11:31

Can anybody explain why C cannot be the answer???
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Re: Pretzels can cause cavities. Interestingly, the longer that [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2012, 22:18
I found nice discussion on this topic at pretzels-can-cause-cavities-interestingly-the-longer-that-20427.html
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Re: Pretzels can cause cavities. Interestingly, the longer that   [#permalink] 15 Oct 2012, 22:18
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