GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

It is currently 17 Feb 2020, 13:36

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 61243
Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jul 2018, 00:28
1
6
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (01:59) correct 33% (02:20) wrong based on 275 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causal mechanisms from those posited by Freudian psychological theory and that are more successful at predicting human behavior. Therefore, Freudian theories of behavior, no matter how suggestive or complex they are, ought to be abandoned in favor of these other theories.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the psychologist’s argument depends?


(A) Freudian theories have offered interesting suggestions, which have been shown to be false, about the causes of human behavior.

(B) A psychological theory with greater predictive success than another is scientifically preferable to it.

(C) Freudian theory has had little success in predicting how people will behave in various situations.

(D) Measuring the predictive success of a psychological theory involves considering other theories that attempt to explain the same phenomena.

(E) Scientific theories become impractical if they posit causal mechanisms beyond a certain level of complexity

_________________
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 30 Jan 2015
Posts: 789
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GPA: 3.5
Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jul 2018, 06:16
+1 for B.

Conclusion:
In favor of theories that are more successful at predicting human behavior, Freudian theories of behavior(less successful) should be abandoned.

(B) A psychological theory with greater predictive success than another is scientifically preferable to it. --> Correct, negate the statement and see how it affects the aforementioned conclusion

Hence, B.
_________________
The few, the fearless !

Thanks :-)
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 03 Jun 2018
Posts: 21
Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jul 2018, 10:07
Quote:
Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causal mechanisms from those posited by Freudian psychological theory and that are more successful at predicting human behavior. Therefore, Freudian theories of behavior, no matter how suggestive or complex they are, ought to be abandoned in favor of these other theories.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the psychologist’s argument depends?


(A) Freudian theories have offered interesting suggestions, which have been shown to be false, about the causes of human behavior.

(B) A psychological theory with greater predictive success than another is scientifically preferable to it.

(C) Freudian theory has had little success in predicting how people will behave in various situations.

(D) Measuring the predictive success of a psychological theory involves considering other theories that attempt to explain the same phenomena.

(E) Scientific theories become impractical if they posit causal mechanisms beyond a certain level of complexity


Approach -
1) Eliminate A, C, D and E. They do not require Freud theory to be abondaned or rejected in favor of other theories
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 11 Apr 2018
Posts: 124
Location: India
GPA: 4
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jul 2018, 07:07
Can you explain how to choose between B and C?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 19 Nov 2017
Posts: 249
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V32
GPA: 4
Premium Member
Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jul 2018, 07:24
Lowkya wrote:
Can you explain how to choose between B and C?


Hi!

Option C is the premise of the argument.
Read the first line of the argument.

An assumption is what links the premise to the conclusion. So, the assumption can neither be inferred from the premise or the conclusion.

Hope it helps.

Regards,
V
_________________

Vaibhav



Sky is the limit. 800 is the limit.

~GMAC
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 11 Apr 2018
Posts: 124
Location: India
GPA: 4
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jul 2018, 07:41
vaibhav1221 wrote:
Lowkya wrote:
Can you explain how to choose between B and C?


Hi!

Option C is the premise of the argument.
Read the first line of the argument.

An assumption is what links the premise to the conclusion. So, the assumption can neither be inferred from the premise or the conclusion.

Hope it helps.

Regards,
V


The argument says that "other theories" are more successful in predicting than "F theory".
So, "F theories" should be abandoned.
Does this definitely indicate "F theory" is less successful than "other theories"?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 19 Nov 2017
Posts: 249
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V32
GPA: 4
Premium Member
Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jul 2018, 07:58
Lowkya wrote:
vaibhav1221 wrote:
Lowkya wrote:
Can you explain how to choose between B and C?


Hi!

Option C is the premise of the argument.
Read the first line of the argument.

An assumption is what links the premise to the conclusion. So, the assumption can neither be inferred from the premise or the conclusion.

Hope it helps.

Regards,
V


The argument says that "other theories" are more successful in predicting than "F theory".
So, "F theories" should be abandoned.
Does this definitely indicate "F theory" is less successful than "other theories"?


Yes, if you assume the theories are used ONLY to predict human behaviour. Otherwise, it might be a yes-no answer and not definitive.
Quote:
Does this definitely indicate "F theory" is less successful than "other theories"?

Overall less successful or less successful at predicting human behaviour. The aforementioned assumption makes things clear.

Hope this helps.

Regards,
V
_________________

Vaibhav



Sky is the limit. 800 is the limit.

~GMAC
VP
VP
User avatar
D
Joined: 18 Dec 2017
Posts: 1107
Location: United States (KS)
GMAT 1: 600 Q46 V27
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jan 2020, 13:43
Bunuel wrote:
Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causal mechanisms from those posited by Freudian psychological theory and that are more successful at predicting human behavior. Therefore, Freudian theories of behavior, no matter how suggestive or complex they are, ought to be abandoned in favor of these other theories.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the psychologist’s argument depends?


(A) Freudian theories have offered interesting suggestions, which have been shown to be false, about the causes of human behavior.

(B) A psychological theory with greater predictive success than another is scientifically preferable to it.

(C) Freudian theory has had little success in predicting how people will behave in various situations.

(D) Measuring the predictive success of a psychological theory involves considering other theories that attempt to explain the same phenomena.

(E) Scientific theories become impractical if they posit causal mechanisms beyond a certain level of complexity


My only concern with Option B is "scientifically preferable to it." Why Scientifically preferable? If I remove that word I understand clearly why it would be the OA.
The passage states nothing about science. It could just just preferred over the other because of human factor too.

Thoughts?

Note : Please tag me if you are going to answer my query. Thank you!
_________________
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long

Learn from the Legend himself: All GMAT Ninja LIVE YouTube videos by topic
You are missing on great learning if you don't know what this is: Project SC Butler
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
P
Joined: 17 Aug 2018
Posts: 313
GMAT 1: 610 Q43 V31
GMAT 2: 640 Q45 V32
GMAT 3: 640 Q47 V31
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jan 2020, 15:07
TheNightKing I think it is okay to have a bit of new information in Assumption, Weaken, and Strengthen questions.

The argument states that not only new theories are different from those of F, the new theories are also more precise in terms of prediction. And then Psychologist concludes that F's theories should be abandoned. Why is that? Because, presumably, F's theories are not good at predicting human behavior.

There is a very clear gap that we need to close, i.e. F's theories are not as good at predicting human behavior as the new theories are. Option (B) nicely closes the gap. We can replace "scientifically" with "practically" and option (B) will still work very well.
VP
VP
User avatar
D
Joined: 18 Dec 2017
Posts: 1107
Location: United States (KS)
GMAT 1: 600 Q46 V27
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jan 2020, 17:53
mykrasovski wrote:
TheNightKing I think it is okay to have a bit of new information in Assumption, Weaken, and Strengthen questions.

The argument states that not only new theories are different from those of F, the new theories are also more precise in terms of prediction. And then Psychologist concludes that F's theories should be abandoned. Why is that? Because, presumably, F's theories are not good at predicting human behavior.



I see what you are saying. It makes sense!

Quote:
There is a very clear gap that we need to close, i.e. F's theories are not as good at predicting human behavior as the new theories are. Option (B) nicely closes the gap. We can replace "scientifically" with "practically" and option (B) will still work very well.


Yeah. You're right. I just wasn't open enough to new information so the usage of scientifically threw me off.

Thank you!
_________________
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long

Learn from the Legend himself: All GMAT Ninja LIVE YouTube videos by topic
You are missing on great learning if you don't know what this is: Project SC Butler
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa   [#permalink] 25 Jan 2020, 17:53
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne