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# Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa

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Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2018, 00:28
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Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causal mechanisms from those posited by Freudian psychological theory and that are more successful at predicting human behavior. Therefore, Freudian theories of behavior, no matter how suggestive or complex they are, ought to be abandoned in favor of these other theories.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the psychologist’s argument depends?

(A) Freudian theories have offered interesting suggestions, which have been shown to be false, about the causes of human behavior.

(B) A psychological theory with greater predictive success than another is scientifically preferable to it.

(C) Freudian theory has had little success in predicting how people will behave in various situations.

(D) Measuring the predictive success of a psychological theory involves considering other theories that attempt to explain the same phenomena.

(E) Scientific theories become impractical if they posit causal mechanisms beyond a certain level of complexity

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Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2018, 06:16
+1 for B.

Conclusion:
In favor of theories that are more successful at predicting human behavior, Freudian theories of behavior(less successful) should be abandoned.

(B) A psychological theory with greater predictive success than another is scientifically preferable to it. --> Correct, negate the statement and see how it affects the aforementioned conclusion

Hence, B.
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Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2018, 10:07
Quote:
Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causal mechanisms from those posited by Freudian psychological theory and that are more successful at predicting human behavior. Therefore, Freudian theories of behavior, no matter how suggestive or complex they are, ought to be abandoned in favor of these other theories.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the psychologist’s argument depends?

(A) Freudian theories have offered interesting suggestions, which have been shown to be false, about the causes of human behavior.

(B) A psychological theory with greater predictive success than another is scientifically preferable to it.

(C) Freudian theory has had little success in predicting how people will behave in various situations.

(D) Measuring the predictive success of a psychological theory involves considering other theories that attempt to explain the same phenomena.

(E) Scientific theories become impractical if they posit causal mechanisms beyond a certain level of complexity

Approach -
1) Eliminate A, C, D and E. They do not require Freud theory to be abondaned or rejected in favor of other theories
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Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2018, 07:07
Can you explain how to choose between B and C?
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Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2018, 07:24
Lowkya wrote:
Can you explain how to choose between B and C?

Hi!

Option C is the premise of the argument.
Read the first line of the argument.

An assumption is what links the premise to the conclusion. So, the assumption can neither be inferred from the premise or the conclusion.

Hope it helps.

Regards,
V
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Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2018, 07:41
vaibhav1221 wrote:
Lowkya wrote:
Can you explain how to choose between B and C?

Hi!

Option C is the premise of the argument.
Read the first line of the argument.

An assumption is what links the premise to the conclusion. So, the assumption can neither be inferred from the premise or the conclusion.

Hope it helps.

Regards,
V

The argument says that "other theories" are more successful in predicting than "F theory".
So, "F theories" should be abandoned.
Does this definitely indicate "F theory" is less successful than "other theories"?
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Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2018, 07:58
Lowkya wrote:
vaibhav1221 wrote:
Lowkya wrote:
Can you explain how to choose between B and C?

Hi!

Option C is the premise of the argument.
Read the first line of the argument.

An assumption is what links the premise to the conclusion. So, the assumption can neither be inferred from the premise or the conclusion.

Hope it helps.

Regards,
V

The argument says that "other theories" are more successful in predicting than "F theory".
So, "F theories" should be abandoned.
Does this definitely indicate "F theory" is less successful than "other theories"?

Yes, if you assume the theories are used ONLY to predict human behaviour. Otherwise, it might be a yes-no answer and not definitive.
Quote:
Does this definitely indicate "F theory" is less successful than "other theories"?

Overall less successful or less successful at predicting human behaviour. The aforementioned assumption makes things clear.

Hope this helps.

Regards,
V
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Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2020, 13:43
Bunuel wrote:
Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causal mechanisms from those posited by Freudian psychological theory and that are more successful at predicting human behavior. Therefore, Freudian theories of behavior, no matter how suggestive or complex they are, ought to be abandoned in favor of these other theories.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the psychologist’s argument depends?

(A) Freudian theories have offered interesting suggestions, which have been shown to be false, about the causes of human behavior.

(B) A psychological theory with greater predictive success than another is scientifically preferable to it.

(C) Freudian theory has had little success in predicting how people will behave in various situations.

(D) Measuring the predictive success of a psychological theory involves considering other theories that attempt to explain the same phenomena.

(E) Scientific theories become impractical if they posit causal mechanisms beyond a certain level of complexity

My only concern with Option B is "scientifically preferable to it." Why Scientifically preferable? If I remove that word I understand clearly why it would be the OA.
The passage states nothing about science. It could just just preferred over the other because of human factor too.

Thoughts?

Note : Please tag me if you are going to answer my query. Thank you!
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Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2020, 15:07
TheNightKing I think it is okay to have a bit of new information in Assumption, Weaken, and Strengthen questions.

The argument states that not only new theories are different from those of F, the new theories are also more precise in terms of prediction. And then Psychologist concludes that F's theories should be abandoned. Why is that? Because, presumably, F's theories are not good at predicting human behavior.

There is a very clear gap that we need to close, i.e. F's theories are not as good at predicting human behavior as the new theories are. Option (B) nicely closes the gap. We can replace "scientifically" with "practically" and option (B) will still work very well.
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Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2020, 17:53
mykrasovski wrote:
TheNightKing I think it is okay to have a bit of new information in Assumption, Weaken, and Strengthen questions.

The argument states that not only new theories are different from those of F, the new theories are also more precise in terms of prediction. And then Psychologist concludes that F's theories should be abandoned. Why is that? Because, presumably, F's theories are not good at predicting human behavior.

I see what you are saying. It makes sense!

Quote:
There is a very clear gap that we need to close, i.e. F's theories are not as good at predicting human behavior as the new theories are. Option (B) nicely closes the gap. We can replace "scientifically" with "practically" and option (B) will still work very well.

Yeah. You're right. I just wasn't open enough to new information so the usage of scientifically threw me off.

Thank you!
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Re: Psychologist: There are theories that posit completely different causa   [#permalink] 25 Jan 2020, 17:53
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