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# Q14: Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by

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Q14: Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2005, 13:25
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Q14:
Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by customers who pay their bill in cash tend to be larger when the bill is presented on a tray that bears a credit-card logo. Consumer psychologists hypothesize that simply seeing a credit-card logo makes many credit-card holders willing to spend more because it reminds them that their spending power exceeds the cash they have immediately available.
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the psychologistsâ€™ interpretation of the studies?
A. The effect noted in the studies is not limited to patrons who have credit cards.
B. Patrons who are under financial pressure from their credit-card obligations tend to tip less when presented with a restaurant bill on a tray with credit-card logo than when the tray has no logo.
C. In virtually all of the cases in the studies, the patrons who paid bills in cash did not possess credit cards.
D. In general, restaurant patrons who pay their bills in cash leave larger tips than do those who pay by credit card.
E. The percentage of restaurant bills paid with given brand of credit card increases when that credit cardâ€™s logo is displayed on the tray with which the bill is prepared.
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14 Oct 2005, 18:49
I think it is E. Because it supports the argument by implying that people are affected by what they see. They are influenced by the visual.
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18 Oct 2005, 12:48
OA is B.
I have and explanation... but let's hear from some more people, then I will talk about it...
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18 Oct 2005, 13:14
I got B. The credit card reminds them of the purchasing power but it also reminds them of the obligations.
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18 Oct 2005, 14:07
its B...as its all about the spending powers. The more the pressure the less the tip...
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19 Oct 2005, 09:17
I think B is a "180." It contradicts the consumer psychologists hypothesis that simply seeing a credit-card logo makes many credit-card holders willing to spend more because it reminds them that their spending power exceeds the cash they have immediately available.

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Re: CR # restaurants tips. [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2005, 12:59
nakib77 wrote:
B. Patrons who are under financial pressure from their credit-card obligations tend to tip less when presented with a restaurant bill on a tray with credit-card logo than when the tray has no logo.

It does support the psychologist explanation. Most people were reminded by the credit card logo that they can spend more and thus leave a larger tip. But the folks that have large debts would be reminded of their debts and thus they would actually try to spend less and thus leave a smaller tip.
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Re: Q14: Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2012, 20:52
this is a hard question. we wish the experts to discuss here. pls, details the process of doing this quesiton so that we can learn/imitate the process.
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Re: Q14: Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2012, 07:27
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A. The effect noted in the studies is not limited to patrons who have credit cards. This means even people who dont have credit cards are tipping more. This weakens the arguement
B. Patrons who are under financial pressure from their credit-card obligations tend to tip less when presented with a restaurant bill on a tray with credit-card logo than when the tray has no logo. Contendor - showing corelation between credit card and payment of tip!
C. In virtually all of the cases in the studies, the patrons who paid bills in cash did not possess credit cards. Weakens the arguement. Patrons dont need credit cards to tip more.
D. In general, restaurant patrons who pay their bills in cash leave larger tips than do those who pay by credit card. No information on tip payment in cash by credit card holders. No effect on arguement
E. The percentage of restaurant bills paid with given brand of credit card increases when that credit cardâ€™s logo is displayed on the tray with which the bill is prepared. No information on tip payment in cash by credit card holders. No effect on arguement

Arguement: Credit card impacts the way patrons tip in cash.
Contendor - It clearly shows a corelation between having a credit card and making a tip in cash. This strengthens the arguement.

Hope my humble attempt at explaining helps!
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Re: Q14: Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2012, 08:20
ketanth wrote:
A. The effect noted in the studies is not limited to patrons who have credit cards. This means even people who dont have credit cards are tipping more. This weakens the arguement
B. Patrons who are under financial pressure from their credit-card obligations tend to tip less when presented with a restaurant bill on a tray with credit-card logo than when the tray has no logo. Contendor - showing corelation between credit card and payment of tip!
C. In virtually all of the cases in the studies, the patrons who paid bills in cash did not possess credit cards. Weakens the arguement. Patrons dont need credit cards to tip more.
D. In general, restaurant patrons who pay their bills in cash leave larger tips than do those who pay by credit card. No information on tip payment in cash by credit card holders. No effect on arguement
E. The percentage of restaurant bills paid with given brand of credit card increases when that credit cardâ€™s logo is displayed on the tray with which the bill is prepared. No information on tip payment in cash by credit card holders. No effect on arguement

Arguement: Credit card impacts the way patrons tip in cash.
Contendor - It clearly shows a corelation between having a credit card and making a tip in cash. This strengthens the argument.

Hope my humble attempt at explaining helps!

I still don't get it. Even if the correlation is there, it is a reversed one and it doesn't seem to strengthen the argument.

Argument:- Customers, who are credit card holders, pay with cash and tend to tip larger because of the logo on the tray.
Therefore, logo tray = more tip.
Contender(B):- logo tray = less tip ...no logo tray = more tip.
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Re: Q14: Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2012, 09:08
B or E..

B still not satifying me..!!

ppl who r not financial
nakib77 wrote:
Q14:

Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by customers who pay their bill in cash tend to be larger when the bill is presented on a tray that bears a credit-card logo. Consumer psychologists hypothesize that simply seeing a credit-card logo makes many credit-card holders willing to spend more because it reminds them that their spending power exceeds the cash they have immediately available.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the psychologistsâ€™ interpretation of the studies?

A. The effect noted in the studies is not limited to patrons who have credit cards.

B. Patrons who are under financial pressure from their credit-card obligations tend to tip less when presented with a restaurant bill on a tray with credit-card logo than when the tray has no logo.

C. In virtually all of the cases in the studies, the patrons who paid bills in cash did not possess credit cards.

D. In general, restaurant patrons who pay their bills in cash leave larger tips than do those who pay by credit card.

E. The percentage of restaurant bills paid with given brand of credit card increases when that credit cardâ€™s logo is displayed on the tray with which the bill is prepared.

who r under financial pressure will pay tip less?? seems like its irrevalent..

E luks gud to me
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Re: Q14: Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2012, 15:33
It is B, because B is exactly the same as the conclusion but turned around.
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Re: Q14: Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2012, 20:56
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kapsycumm wrote:
I still don't get it. Even if the correlation is there, it is a reversed one and it doesn't seem to strengthen the argument.

Argument:- Customers, who are credit card holders, pay with cash and tend to tip larger because of the logo on the tray.
Therefore, logo tray = more tip.
Contender(B):- logo tray = less tip ...no logo tray = more tip.

sanjoo wrote:
B or E..

B still not satifying me..!!
who r under financial pressure will pay tip less?? seems like its irrevalent..

E luks gud to me

Let's look at the argument:

Argument: Studies show that cash tips left by customers are larger when the bill is presented on a tray that bears a credit-card logo.

Why would that be? Why would there be a difference when the tray has no logo and when the tray has a credit card logo?

Psychologists' hypothesize that seeing a credit-card logo reminds people of the spending power given by the card they have (and that their spending power exceeds the cash they have right now).

We have to support the psychologists' interpretation.

Say, I change the argument a little and add a line:

Argument: Studies show that cash tips left by customers are larger when the bill is presented on a tray that bears a credit-card logo. Patrons under financial pressure from credit-card obligations tend to tip less when presented with a restaurant bill on a tray with credit-card logo than when the tray has no logo.

Now, does the psychologists' interpretation make even more sense. Understand that the psychologists' interpretation is only that 'seeing a logo reminds people of their own credit card status'. The part 'that their spending power exceeds the cash they have right now' explains the higher tips. If we are given that some tip more on seeing that card logo and some tip less on seeing it, it makes sense, right? Different people have different credit card obligation status. Hence, people are reminded of their own card obligation status and they tip accordingly. Hence, option (B) makes the probability of psychologists' interpretation being true stronger because it tells you that in case of very high card obligations, customers tip less. This is what you would expect if the psychologists' interpretation were correct.

It's something like this:
Me: After 12 hrs of night time sleep, I can't study.
Your theory: Yeah, because your sleep pattern is linked to your level of concentration. After a long sleep, your mind is still muddled and lazy so you cant study.
Me: After 4 hrs of night time sleep, I can't study either.

Does your theory make more sense? Sure! You said 'sleep pattern is linked to your level of concentration'. If I sleep too much, my concentration gets affected. If I sleep too little, again my concentration gets affected. So your theory that 'sleep pattern is linked to your level of concentration' certainly makes more sense.

Option (E) is incorrect.
(E) - 'The percentage of restaurant bills paid with given brand of credit card increases when that credit card's logo is displayed on the tray with which the bill is prepared.'

This options supports the hypothesis that card logo reminds people of their own card (not of their card obligations). The psychologists' interpretation talks about the logo reminding people of their card status (high spending power or high obligations).
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Re: Q14: Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2012, 00:22
Thanks karishma..explained it clrealy..

that means..we assume that author is talking abt the ppl who are gud in financial condition will tip more when they c credit card logo..

Option B..strenthen by saying..that when ppl are in poor financial condition they see the logo and they tip less ..thus strenthen ..

rite?
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Re: Q14: Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2012, 14:34
Thanks for the detailed explanation Karishma.

This problem really made me want to put my head through a wall.
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Re: Q14: Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2012, 03:32
I think this is causal passage.
prethink an assumption before going to answer choices: no other causes

going to answer choices: choice B said that if there is no cause, there will be no effect. This is strengthener.

is this right?
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Re: Q14: Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2014, 04:54
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Re: Q14: Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2015, 14:40
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Q14: Studies in restaurants show that the tips left by   [#permalink] 05 Jun 2015, 14:40
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