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QOTD #36 During the nineteenth century, Britain's urban population inc

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QOTD #36 During the nineteenth century, Britain's urban population inc [#permalink]

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During the nineteenth century, Britain's urban population increased as its rural population diminished. A historian theorizes that, rather than industrialization's being the cause, this change resulted from a series of migrations to urban areas, each occasioned by a depression in the agrarian economy. To test this hypothesis, the historian will compare economic data with population census data.

The historian's hypothesis would be most strongly supported if which of the following were found to be true?

(A) The periods of greatest growth in the industrial economy were associated with a relatively rapid decline in the rural population.
(B) The periods of greatest weakness in the agrarian economy were associated with relatively slow growth in the population as a whole.
(C) Periods when the agrarian economy was compar- atively strong and the industrial economy com- paratively weak were associated with a particlarly rapid decline in the rural population.
(D) Periods when the agrarian and industrial economies were both strong were associated with particularly rapid growth in the urban population.
(E) The periods of greatest strength in the agrarian economy were associated with relatively slow growth in the urban population.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: QOTD #36 During the nineteenth century, Britain's urban population inc [#permalink]

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The hypothesis is based on the fact that depression in the agrarian economy lead to migration from rural areas to urban areas.

(A) - focused on industrial economy, not on agrarian economy.

(B) - does not compare rural population to the agrarian economy but overall population

(C) - supports the opposite hypothesis

(D) - does not compare agrarian economy to the rural population but overall economy to rural population

(E) - Correct answer. Compares agrarian economy to the growth in urban population - expansion in the agrarian economy = slow growth in the urban population (less migration) -> depression in the agrarian economy = high growth in the urban population (more migration).


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Re: QOTD #36 During the nineteenth century, Britain's urban population inc [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2017, 20:23
correct answer must be (D) as it qualifies for the tone of given statements.

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Re: QOTD #36 During the nineteenth century, Britain's urban population inc [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2017, 20:35
shashanki wrote:
correct answer must be (D) as it qualifies for the tone of given statements.

Thanks
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Hypothesis: depression in agrarian economy -> migration from rural areas to urban areas

D: Both agrarian economy and urban economy growing -> migration to urban areas

According to D even if agrarian economy does well, there is still migration from rural areas to urban areas.

Why do you think D supports the hypothesis?


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QOTD #36 During the nineteenth century, Britain's urban population inc [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2017, 21:20
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I think it's E. "The periods of greatest strength in the agrarian economy were associated with relatively slow growth in the urban population."

Premise- Britain's urban population increased as its rural population diminished.
Author blames - migrations to urban areas and NOT industrial economy - Eliminate A, C, D

E shows that before the migration (denoted by relatively slow growth in the urban population), agrarian economy had periods of greatest strength
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Re: QOTD #36 During the nineteenth century, Britain's urban population inc [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2017, 13:12
During the nineteenth century, Britain's urban population increased as its rural population diminished. A historian theorizes that, rather than industrialization's being the cause, this change resulted from a series of migrations to urban areas, each occasioned by a depression in the agrarian economy. To test this hypothesis, the historian will compare economic data with population census data.

The historian's hypothesis would be most strongly supported if which of the following were found to be true?

(A) The periods of greatest growth in the industrial economy were associated with a relatively rapid decline in the rural population. -This weakens the argument
(B) The periods of greatest weakness in the agrarian economy were associated with relatively slow growth in the population as a whole. -Whole population? out of scope
(C) Periods when the agrarian economy was compar- atively strong and the industrial economy com- paratively weak were associated with a particlarly rapid decline in the rural population. -Weakens
(D) Periods when the agrarian and industrial economies were both strong were associated with particularly rapid growth in the urban population. -Out of scope
(E) The periods of greatest strength in the agrarian economy were associated with relatively slow growth in the urban population. -Correct
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Re: QOTD #36 During the nineteenth century, Britain's urban population inc   [#permalink] 15 Dec 2017, 13:12
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