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QOTD #6 sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, ai

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QOTD #6 sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, ai  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2016, 03:07
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Question Stats:

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Sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, air pollution due to automobile exhaust decreases during a recession, since fewer people com-mute in cars to jobs and so cars emitting pollutants into the air are used less.

Felipe: Why would you think that air pollution would decrease? During a recession, fewer people can afford to buy new cars, and cars tend to emit more
pollutants as they get older.

Which of the following most accurately describes how Felipe’s response is related to Sam’s argument?

(A) It calls into question the truth of the premises that Sam uses to support his conclusion.
(B) It makes an additional claim that can only be true if Sam’s conclusion is false.
(C) It presents an additional consideration that weakens the support given to Sam’s conclusion by his evidence.
(D) It argues that Sam’s conclusion is true, although not for the reasons Sam gives to support that conclusion.
(E) It presents an argument showing that the premises in Sam’s argument support an absurd conclusion that Sam has overlooked. 

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Re: QOTD #6 sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, ai  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2016, 03:55
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Sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, air pollution due to automobile exhaust decreases during a recession, since fewer people com-mute in cars to jobs and so cars emitting pollutants into the air are used less.

Felipe: Why would you think that air pollution would decrease? During a recession, fewer people can afford to buy new cars, and cars tend to emit more
pollutants as they get older.

Sam's argument - Lesser cars during recession will lead to lesser pollution due to automobile exhaust .
Felipe's argument - During recession ,fewer new cars and older cars emit more pollutants .

(A) It calls into question the truth of the premises that Sam uses to support his conclusion. Incorrect - It does not question the truth of premises
(B) It makes an additional claim that can only be true if Sam’s conclusion is false.Incorrect -
(C) It presents an additional consideration that weakens the support given to Sam’s conclusion by his evidence.
Correct - It present a new consideration and weakens Sam's conclusion
(D) It argues that Sam’s conclusion is true, although not for the reasons Sam gives to support that conclusion.Incorrect
(E) It presents an argument showing that the premises in Sam’s argument support an absurd conclusion that Sam has overlooked. Incorrect
Answer C
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Re: QOTD #6 sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, ai  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2016, 07:04
Answer C - Felipe presents an additional consideration that weakens Sam's conclusion
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Re: QOTD #6 sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, ai  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2016, 10:43
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carcass wrote:
Sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, air pollution due to automobile exhaust decreases during a recession, since fewer people com-mute in cars to jobs and so cars emitting pollutants into the air are used less.

Felipe: Why would you think that air pollution would decrease? During a recession, fewer people can afford to buy new cars, and cars tend to emit more
pollutants as they get older.

Which of the following most accurately describes how Felipe’s response is related to Sam’s argument?

(A) It calls into question the truth of the premises that Sam uses to support his conclusion.
(B) It makes an additional claim that can only be true if Sam’s conclusion is false.
(C) It presents an additional consideration that weakens the support given to Sam’s conclusion by his evidence.
(D) It argues that Sam’s conclusion is true, although not for the reasons Sam gives to support that conclusion.
(E) It presents an argument showing that the premises in Sam’s argument support an absurd conclusion that Sam has overlooked. 


Sam : Recessions = Unemployment---->Fewer cars for commuting to office.----> Less Pollution
Felipe : Recessions = Unemployment----> Fewer people can afford new cars = Old cars => More pollution


(A) It calls into question the truth of the premises that Sam uses to support his conclusion.

The premise is -fewer people commute in cars to jobs

Felipe's statement doesn't call into question into the Premise used by Sam

(B) It makes an additional claim that can only be true if Sam’s conclusion is false.

Felipe's statement brings into consideration alternate reasoning , and is independent of Sam’s conclusion

(C) It presents an additional consideration that weakens the support given to Sam’s conclusion by his evidence.

Filip's statement brings into question an additional consideration : Fewer people can afford new cars = Old cars ===> More Pollution

This is true...

(D) It argues that Sam’s conclusion is true, although not for the reasons Sam gives to support that conclusion.

Not at all true , Filip clearly refutes Sam's conclusion...


(E) It presents an argument showing that the premises in Sam’s argument support an absurd conclusion that Sam has overlooked. [/quote]

Not at all true , Filip presents an alternate reasoning and doesn't attempt to challenge Sam's conclusion


Hence (C) is correct...

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Re: QOTD #6 sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, ai  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2016, 10:44
Sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, air pollution due to automobile exhaust decreases during a recession, since fewer people com-mute in cars to jobs and so cars emitting pollutants into the air are used less.

Felipe: Why would you think that air pollution would decrease? During a recession, fewer people can afford to buy new cars, and cars tend to emit more
pollutants as they get older.

Which of the following most accurately describes how Felipe’s response is related to Sam’s argument?

(A) It calls into question the truth of the premises that Sam uses to support his conclusion - No it actually challenges the way in which the conclusion is arrived at hence eliminate this answer.
(B) It makes an additional claim that can only be true if Sam’s conclusion is false. - Opposite answer and incorrect.
(C) It presents an additional consideration that weakens the support given to Sam’s conclusion by his evidence - Correct! It uses the same premise as that of Sam's and provides an additional consideration thereby altering the or requiring Sam to re-think the conclusion.
(D) It argues that Sam’s conclusion is true, although not for the reasons Sam gives to support that conclusion. - Incorrect. It argues sam's conclusion may not necessarily be true.
(E) It presents an argument showing that the premises in Sam’s argument support an absurd conclusion that Sam has overlooked - Trap Answer. but if closely looked at the argument does not declare the conclusion to be absurd neither does it challenge the premise rather it uses the same premise to add on another viewpoint.
.
C is the right answer.
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Re: QOTD #6 sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, ai  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2016, 06:17
Is sam's sentences even an argument?
It dosnt have a conclusion!!!
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Re: QOTD #6 sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, ai  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2016, 06:18
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Is sam's sentences even an argument?
It dosnt have a conclusion!!!
:shock: :shock:
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Re: QOTD #6 sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, ai  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2017, 20:19
carcass wrote:


Sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, air pollution due to automobile exhaust decreases during a recession, since fewer people com-mute in cars to jobs and so cars emitting pollutants into the air are used less.

Felipe: Why would you think that air pollution would decrease? During a recession, fewer people can afford to buy new cars, and cars tend to emit more
pollutants as they get older.

Which of the following most accurately describes how Felipe’s response is related to Sam’s argument?

(A) It calls into question the truth of the premises that Sam uses to support his conclusion.
(B) It makes an additional claim that can only be true if Sam’s conclusion is false.
(C) It presents an additional consideration that weakens the support given to Sam’s conclusion by his evidence.
(D) It argues that Sam’s conclusion is true, although not for the reasons Sam gives to support that conclusion.
(E) It presents an argument showing that the premises in Sam’s argument support an absurd conclusion that Sam has overlooked. 



C - weakens the support

Where can we find a consideration that weakens the support?
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QOTD #6 sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, ai  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2017, 06:25
bluetrain wrote:
carcass wrote:


Sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, air pollution due to automobile exhaust decreases during a recession, since fewer people com-mute in cars to jobs and so cars emitting pollutants into the air are used less.

Felipe: Why would you think that air pollution would decrease? During a recession, fewer people can afford to buy new cars, and cars tend to emit more
pollutants as they get older.

Which of the following most accurately describes how Felipe’s response is related to Sam’s argument?

(A) It calls into question the truth of the premises that Sam uses to support his conclusion.
(B) It makes an additional claim that can only be true if Sam’s conclusion is false.
(C) It presents an additional consideration that weakens the support given to Sam’s conclusion by his evidence.
(D) It argues that Sam’s conclusion is true, although not for the reasons Sam gives to support that conclusion.
(E) It presents an argument showing that the premises in Sam’s argument support an absurd conclusion that Sam has overlooked. 



C - weakens the support

Where can we find a consideration that weakens the support?


Hi bluetrain,

Here is Sam's reasoning: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, air pollution due to automobile exhaust decreases during a recession, since fewer people com-mute in cars to jobs and so cars emitting pollutants into the air are used less.
-- light blue = premise/support
-- dark blue = conclusion

Now that I have highlighted these areas, is it more clear? Felipe says older cars emit more pollution, and a recession makes people drive older cars. Thus, this weakens Sam's argument by providing another detail that has not been considered in his argument.

Does this help?
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Re: QOTD #6 sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, ai  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2018, 02:52
I chose E over C because Sam has overlooked some points that Felipe added in his argument. Please explain what did I miss.
Thanks in Advance
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QOTD #6 sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, ai  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2018, 16:31
Shivikaa wrote:
I chose E over C because Sam has overlooked some points that Felipe added in his argument. Please explain what did I miss.
Thanks in Advance


Though Sam overlooked some points, his conclusion is not absurd. He has same conclusion - Increase in pollution.
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QOTD #6 sam: During recessions, unemployment typically rises. Thus, ai &nbs [#permalink] 05 Jan 2018, 16:31
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