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QOTD: As a large corporation in a small country

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QOTD: As a large corporation in a small country [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2017, 12:26
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Source : GMATPrep Default Exam Pack

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 65: Critical Reasoning


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As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its managers to have international experience, so each year it sponsors management education abroad for its management trainees. Hachnut has found, however, that the attrition rate of graduates from this program is very high, with many of them leaving Hachnut to join competing firms soon after completing the program. Hachnut does use performance during the program as a criterion in deciding among candidates for management positions, but both this function and the goal of providing international experience could be achieved in other ways. Therefore, if the attrition problem cannot be successfully addressed, Hachnut should discontinue the sponsorship program.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to justify; the second states a judgment that is used in support of a justification for that practice.

(B) The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to explain; the second presents part of the argument’s explanation of that practice.

(C) The first introduces a practice that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the practice cannot achieve its objective.

(D) The first introduces a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed.

(E) The first introduces a consideration supporting a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence for concluding that the policy should be abandoned.

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Re: QOTD: As a large corporation in a small country [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2017, 12:35
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When dealing with boldfaced questions, start by COMPLETELY IGNORING the boldface and finding the conclusion: "Hachnut should discontinue the sponsorship program." Now, let's make sure we understand the author's logic, and THEN we can see how the boldfaced portions fit in with that logic:

  • Hatchnut is a large corporation in a small country and wants its managers to have international experience.
  • In order to give its managers international experience, Hatchnut sponsors management education abroad for its management trainees each year.
  • In addition to giving its managers international experience, Hatchnut also uses trainee performance during the program as a criterion in deciding among candidates for management positions. So the program has two purposes: to provide international experience and to differentiate candidates for management positions.
  • The author explains a problem with the current program: many of the management trainees who graduate from the program leave Hatchnut to join competing firms soon after completing the program.
  • According to the author, both of the desired purposes could be achieved in other ways. Therefore, if the current attrition problem cannot be successfully addressed, Hatchnut should discontinue the sponsorship program. In other words, if there are other ways to accomplish the goals of the program and the current program has a problem that cannot be addressed, Hatchnut should discontinue the current program.

Now let's see which option best describes the roles of the boldfaced portions:

Quote:
A. The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to justify; the second states a judgment that is used in support of a justification for that practice.

The first BF portion does describe a company practice, but the argument seeks to EVALUATE this practice, not to JUSTIFY it. Furthermore, rather than justifying the practice, the second BF portion suggests that the practice is not needed. (A) can be eliminated.

Quote:
B. The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to explain; the second presents part of the argument’s explanation of that practice.

The argument seeks to EVALUATE the practice rather than EXPLAIN it. Furthermore, the second BF portion does not serve to explain the practice, so (B) can be eliminated.

Quote:
C. The first introduces a practice that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the practice cannot achieve its objective.

The first BF portion does introduce a company practice that the argument seeks to evaluate, but the second simply states that there are other ways to achieve the goals of that practice. The second does not necessarily imply that the current practice cannot achieve its objective, so (C) is off the mark.

Quote:
D. The first introduces a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed.

The first BF portion does introduce a company policy that the argument seeks to evaluate, and the second states that there are other ways to achieve the goals of that policy. If there are other ways to achieve the goals of that policy, then one could argue that the policy is not needed. Choice (D) looks good.

Quote:
E. The first introduces a consideration supporting a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence for concluding that the policy should be abandoned.

The first BF portion is the policy itself, not a consideration supporting the policy. The second is evidence for concluding that the policy COULD be abandoned (because there are other ways to achieve the policy's goals), but it is not necessarily evidence for concluding that the policy SHOULD be abandoned. Eliminate (E).

Choice (D) is the best answer.
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Re: QOTD: As a large corporation in a small country [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2017, 13:56
souvik101990 wrote:

As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its managers to have international experience, so each year it sponsors management education abroad for its management trainees. Hachnut has found, however, that the attrition rate of graduates from this program is very high, with many of them leaving Hachnut to join competing firms soon after completing the program. Hachnut does use performance during the program as a criterion in deciding among candidates for management positions,but both this function and the goal of providing international experience could be achieved in other ways. Therefore, if the attrition problem cannot be successfully addressed, Hachnut should discontinue the sponsorship program.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?



BF1 - Practice/Policy of a large corporation in a small country.

Change in Direction coming after the first BF
Company has found that many of their emps. leave post completion of the program
Company uses performance during the program - described in BF1 - to determine who can join the management positions BUT
BF2 - these can be achieve in other ways.

Conclusion - If the attrition problem cannot be address, the program should be discarded.

Quote:
A. The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to justify; the second states a judgment that is used in support of a justification for that practice.

The author isn't justifying the practice. He actually wants to discard it if the the problem persists. OUT!

Quote:
B. The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to explain; the second presents part of the argument’s explanation of that practice.

The author isn't explaining the practice, and BF2 isn't an explanation of the practice. OUT!

Quote:
C. The first introduces a practice that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the practice cannot achieve its objective.

BF1 sounds fine, but BF2 isn't providing grounds. It's actually stating that the practice might not be required at all.

Quote:
D. The first introduces a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed.

Both are aptly describing the functions of the respective BFs. Keep!

Quote:
E. The first introduces a consideration supporting a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence for concluding that the policy should be abandoned.

BF1 isn't a consideration and rather the policy itself. OUT!

D should be the answer!
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Re: QOTD: As a large corporation in a small country [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2017, 19:50
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 43: Sentence Correction


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As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its managers to have international experience, so each year it sponsors management education abroad for its management trainees. Hachnut has found, however, that the attrition rate of graduates from this program is very high, with many of them leaving Hachnut to join competing firms soon after completing the program. Hachnut does use performance during the program as a criterion in deciding among candidates for management positions,but both this function and the goal of providing international experience could be achieved in other ways. Therefore, if the attrition problem cannot be successfully addressed, Hachnut should discontinue the sponsorship program.
In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to justify; the second states a judgment that is used in support of a justification for that practice.

B. The first describes a practice that the argume nt seeks to explain; the second presents part of the argument’s explanation of that practice.

C. The first introduces a practice that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the practice cannot achieve its objective.

D. The first introduces a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed.

E. The first introduces a consideration supporting a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence for concluding that the policy should be abandoned.

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hard one
argumen is long so we need good reading skill.
for BF questions, I think , gmat test our ability to read. first we have to realize the main conclusion of the argument. normally, there is a counter conclusion which is not main conclusion.
second, we find out the relation between BF and the main conclusion.
armed with the relation and the main conclusion, we go to answer choice. eliminate without finishing reading the total answer choices which contain a wrong words at the beginning of the sentence.
when reading answer choice, confirm the relation and we go to correct answer.

if you read well, you can see the main conclusion quickly. I wish I have a ton of this questions to practice reading because reading to find the main conclusion/big idea of the passage is very good for RC section. I think it is good that gmac test this question type because this test help us a lot in studying MBA.

it takes me a long time to consider D and C. I choose D. i think "can not achieve purpose" is incorrect in C.
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Re: QOTD: As a large corporation in a small country [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 00:57
IMO option D

A - first part of option is wrong

B- second part is wrong

C- second part is wrong

D- ok

E- first part is slightly an issue

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QOTD: As a large corporation in a small country [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2017, 23:14
GMATNinja wrote:
Quote:
D. The first introduces a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed.

The first BF portion does introduce a company policy that the argument seeks to evaluate, and the second states that there are other ways to achieve the goals of that policy. If there are other ways to achieve the goals of that policy, then one could argue that the policy is not needed. Choice (D) looks good.

If there are other ways to achieve the goals of that policy, then one could argue that the policy MAY not be needed. Can we say that the policy IS not needed?

One more thing, would you please share what is the fundamental difference between evaluate, justify and explain?
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Re: QOTD: As a large corporation in a small country [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2017, 21:47
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Mahmud6 wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
Quote:
D. The first introduces a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed.

The first BF portion does introduce a company policy that the argument seeks to evaluate, and the second states that there are other ways to achieve the goals of that policy. If there are other ways to achieve the goals of that policy, then one could argue that the policy is not needed. Choice (D) looks good.

If there are other ways to achieve the goals of that policy, then one could argue that the policy MAY not be needed. Can we say that the policy IS not needed?

One more thing, would you please share what is the fundamental difference between evaluate, justify and explain?

Saying that a policy is not needed is different than providing grounds for holding that the policy is not needed. Saying that there are other ways to achieve the goals of that policy strongly supports the argument that the policy is not needed. The second boldfaced portion provides grounds for (i.e. supports) holding that the policy is not needed, even though it does not PROVE that the policy is not needed.

To evaluate an argument/plan is to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the argument/plan.

If you are explaining a practice, you are trying to describe that practice (i.e. make it plain and understandable). If you are justifying a practice, you are trying to show that it is defensible (i.e. just, right, or reasonable).

I hope that helps!
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Re: QOTD: As a large corporation in a small country [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2018, 04:15
souvik101990 wrote:
Source : GMATPrep Default Exam Pack

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 65: Critical Reasoning


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For All QOTD Questions Click Here


As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its managers to have international experience, so each year it sponsors management education abroad for its management trainees. Hachnut has found, however, that the attrition rate of graduates from this program is very high, with many of them leaving Hachnut to join competing firms soon after completing the program. Hachnut does use performance during the program as a criterion in deciding among candidates for management positions, but both this function and the goal of providing international experience could be achieved in other ways. Therefore, if the attrition problem cannot be successfully addressed, Hachnut should discontinue the sponsorship program.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to justify; the second states a judgment that is used in support of a justification for that practice.

(B) The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to explain; the second presents part of the argument’s explanation of that practice.

(C) The first introduces a practice that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the practice cannot achieve its objective.

(D) The first introduces a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed.

(E) The first introduces a consideration supporting a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence for concluding that the policy should be abandoned.

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


after realizing the main conclusion and role of each BF we go to answer choices.
if the first part of answer choices is wrong, dont continue to read.
choice A
the first part contain "justify", which is wrong
choice B
the first part contains "explain" which is wrong
choice E
the first part contain "consideration" which is wrong
now read carefully choice C and D. both have correct first part. for the second part, choice D is better . Needed is more correct than "achivies it objective"

D.
Re: QOTD: As a large corporation in a small country   [#permalink] 12 Jan 2018, 04:15
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