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# QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the

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QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the  [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2018, 04:43
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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 249: Critical Reasoning

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Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.

(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.

(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.

(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

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QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the  [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2018, 04:46
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The archaeologists conclude that the destruction found in Kourion was caused by an earthquake near Cyprus in the year A.D. 365. Here’s how they arrive at that conclusion:

1. They found a pattern of destruction in Kourion (a city on the island of Cyprus).
2. This pattern is typically found in towns devastated by earthquakes.
3. An earthquake took place near Cyprus in A.D. 365.
4. Therefore, this earthquake is what caused the destruction of Kourion.

And the question is asking: which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

To strengthen this argument, we'll need to rule out other causes of the same pattern of destruction or find evidence that Kourion was actually devastated in A.D. 365, not sometime before or after the earthquake.

Quote:
(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessels that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.

If Kourion was devastated in A.D. 365, we wouldn’t expect to see any drinking vessels originating from after that year. Choice (A) weakens the argument, so we’ll eliminate it.

Quote:
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.

Choice (B) presents exactly the kind of evidence we need to back the archaeologists. If they found pre-365 coinage in the debris but couldn’t find a single coin created after 365, then we’d be more inclined to believe that the earthquake in A.D. 365 did in fact devastate Kourion. Let’s keep this and continue eliminating choices.

Quote:
(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

Choice (C) doesn’t give us any new information. It may strengthen the fact that an earthquake took place in this year, but doesn’t strengthen the argument that this earthquake caused the destruction seen in Kourion. Let’s eliminate choice (C).

Quote:
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.

Choice (D) would neither strengthen nor weaken the argument, which places the destruction of Kourion in A.D. 365. If these small statues were carved between 300 and 365, choice (D) would strengthen the argument. If these small statues were carved between 365 and 400, choice (D) would weaken the argument. Since we don’t know when exactly the statues were carved, we’ll eliminate choice (D).

Quote:
(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

This evidence weakens the argument because it presents an artifact that was created after the year of the earthquake in A.D. 365. Let’s eliminate choice (E).

Answer choice (B) is the best option.
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Re: QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the  [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2018, 06:05
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 249: Critical Reasoning

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Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.

(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.

(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.

(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

Answer choice B clearly supports the Archaeologists hypotheses, stating that no coin minted after AD 365 was found

thanks
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QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the  [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2018, 06:24
The hypothesis - the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

Based on :- Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devastated by earthquakes.

We are looking for a choice that, if true, would support the hypothesis.

Choice B states that only the coins that were minted before AD 365 have been found during the excavation, suggesting that the city might have been destroyed during an earthquake, which occurred around AD 365 and hence, no coins could be minted afterwards.

Choice B is the correct answer.
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Re: QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the  [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2018, 07:04
Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

A strengthen question
BID : Major earthquake occurred in 365 AD that in turn devastated the city
Missing Gap:1)nothing other than earthquake devastated the city
:2)earthquake was large enough to ruin the city
:3)earthquake and the devastation happened at same time.
so now looking at options

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.( gives no clue that earthquake happened in AD365 as the event continues before and after )

(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.(gives clue that a coin was no more minted because of some reason (hold ))

(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.(gives no clue that earthquake happened in the mentioned city but still hold as it mentions about earth quake)

(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.(out of scope )

(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.(out of scope )

between B and C : B joins the missing gap the minting of coin stopped as the city was devastated and is the correct answer .however C just mentions an earthquake that too also near the city not in the city ..so
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Re: QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the  [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2018, 07:25
Ans is B, as it clearly says no coins minted after AD365 were found. Other options leave us in doubt .
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Re: QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2018, 00:53
Option C for me

Conclusion- City was destroyed due to a major earthquake
Option C strengthens the above conclusion.
Correct me if I am wrong.

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Re: QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2018, 01:04
Option C for me

Conclusion- City was destroyed due to a major earthquake
Option C strengthens the above conclusion.
Correct me if I am wrong.

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum

Conclusion is not about the earthquake but earthquake destroying the city, option C doesn't give any info on that

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Re: QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2018, 08:17
lack of coins could be a million different things. Maybe they stopped dating coins. maybe they moved to a paper monetary system. maybe they began using other valuables as currency. Option B leaves way more doubt than option C. I don't think this is a quality question.
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QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2018, 23:26
wildhorn wrote:
lack of coins could be a million different things. Maybe they stopped dating coins. maybe they moved to a paper monetary system. maybe they began using other valuables as currency. Option B leaves way more doubt than option C. I don't think this is a quality question.

hi

"Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365."

yes, of course, option c, if anything, provides some justification for the claim made by the Archaeologists, but

if we read the stem, carefully, we can see that the excavation done to the ancient city reveals that the city was collapsed and devastated by earthquake

now, I have a question for you

how can a city that has been DEVASTATED, COLLAPSED OR DESTROYED LONG AGO, switch to currency of another form...?

option B clearly stands out

thanks

and yes, I think this is a high quality question and am looking forward to reading the great explanation from great GMATNinja
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Re: QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2018, 23:56
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 249: Critical Reasoning

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devestated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occured near the island in A.D. 365.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.

(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.

(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.

(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.

(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyrpus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

(A) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessals that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion. That means city was not destroyed in A.D. 365

(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance. Correct

(C) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365. But not all. Most may be 51% or 99% we don't know.

(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion. shows that city was not destroyed. Weakner

(E) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion. Weakner
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Re: QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2018, 06:55
GMATNinja

Quote:
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.

Quote:
Choice (B) presents exactly the kind of evidence we need to back the archaeologists. If they found pre-365 coinage in the debris but couldn’t find a single coin created after 365, then we’d be more inclined to believe that the earthquake in A.D. 365 did in fact devastate Kourion. Let’s keep this and continue eliminating choices.

Why do we not need a limit for specifying a particular year for pre-365 as in your explanation for (D)

Quote:
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.

Quote:
Choice (D) would neither strengthen nor weaken the argument, which places the destruction of Kourion in A.D. 365. If these small statues were carved between 300 and 365, choice (D) would strengthen the argument. If these small statues were carved between 365 and 400, choice (D) would weaken the argument. Since we don’t know when exactly the statues were carved, we’ll eliminate choice (D).

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Re: QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the  [#permalink]

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03 May 2018, 17:41
1
GMATNinja

Quote:
(B) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.

Quote:
Choice (B) presents exactly the kind of evidence we need to back the archaeologists. If they found pre-365 coinage in the debris but couldn’t find a single coin created after 365, then we’d be more inclined to believe that the earthquake in A.D. 365 did in fact devastate Kourion. Let’s keep this and continue eliminating choices.

Why do we not need a limit for specifying a particular year for pre-365 as in your explanation for (D)

Quote:
(D) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.

Quote:
Choice (D) would neither strengthen nor weaken the argument, which places the destruction of Kourion in A.D. 365. If these small statues were carved between 300 and 365, choice (D) would strengthen the argument. If these small statues were carved between 365 and 400, choice (D) would weaken the argument. Since we don’t know when exactly the statues were carved, we’ll eliminate choice (D).

Choice (B) specifically differentiates between coins minted BEFORE AD 365 and AFTER AD 365. We don't care about the exact year, as long as we know whether we are talking about before 365 or after 365.

With (D), on the other hand, we don't know if they are referring to pre- or post-AD 365.

I hope that helps!
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Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
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SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
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Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

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Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal

Re: QOTD: Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the &nbs [#permalink] 03 May 2018, 17:41
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